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Contents

Brief History

The 10th Battalion, South Carolina Cavalry (also called the South Carolina Volunteers) was organized in January 1862 and officially designated as the 3rd Battalion South Carolina Cavalry but it was mustered in the the field as the 2nd Battalion South Carolina Cavalry. In September, 1862 the official designation was changed to the 10th Battalion South Carolina Cavalry. December 16, 1862 this battalion was consolidated with the 12th Battalion South Carolina Cavalry and two independent companies and formed the 4th Regiment South Carolina Cavalry.[1][2][3][4]

 Companies in this Battalion with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in  a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded.  However if you are unsure which company your ancestor  was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

Company A - (also known as the Palmetto Rangers, Captain Barber's Company and Company C before reorganization) - many men from Chester District (County) and Fairfield District (County)

Company B - (also known as the Calhoun Troop and Captain Cary's Company and Company B before the reorganization) - many men from Anderson District (County), Pendleton area, and Pickens District (County), later divided into Oconee and Pickens Counties - Fort Hill area.

Company C - (also known as the Evans Light Dragoons and Captain Stokes's Company) - many men from Colleton District (County) and Orangeburg District (County)

Company D - (also known as the Catawba Rangers, Captain McIlwain's Company and Company A before the reorganization) - many men from Lancaster District (County)

Information about the companies listed in Seigler's book.[4]

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 608 men on its roster for this unit. Roster.

Other Sources

  • "South Carolina 10th Cavalry Battalion". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/22/2010. Lists a brief battalion history and resources.
  • "South Carolina Cavalry Battalions". South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States, Steve Batson’s Internet site, accessed 12/27/2010. This Internet site lists officers of the regiment and companies.
  • Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. Wilmington, North Carolina : Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001. FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 4 Companies (A-D) listed. The book is available at these libraries: Worldcat.
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.

References

  1. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina, microfilm publication M267. (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958). These records have been indexed and digitized and are available atFootnote.com (A subscription ($) website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  2. Joseph H. Crute. Units of the Confederate States Army. (Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987).FHL book 973 M2crua. Information available at: National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).
  3. *"South Carolina 10th Cavalry Battalion". The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources an Internet site, accessed 12/22/2010. Lists a brief battalion history and resources.
  4. 4.0 4.1 Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 2, p 297-300.FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 11 January 2013, at 01:36.
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