10th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)Edit This Page

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Brief History

The 10th Virginia Infantry Regiment had its origins in volunteer militia companies organized in the late 1850's in Rockingham County. Eleven companies made up the Tenth Virginia. Seven companies were drawn from Rockingham County, two from Shenandoah County, one from Page and one from Madison County. A total of about 1,350 men in all served in the Tenth during the time when the regiment was under arms. As part of the Army of Northern Virginia, the regiment saw action in every major engagement that was fought in Virginia, Maryland (except Sharpsburg) and Pennsylvania.Of the 276 engaged at Gettysburg more than twenty-five percent were disabled. On April 9, 1865, it surrendered with 2 officers and 43 men. The field officers wer Colonels Simeon B. Gibbons and Edward T.H. Warren, Lieutenant Colonels Dorilas H.L. Martz and Samuel T. Walker, and Majors Isaac G. Coffman and Joshua Stover. [1]

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first. See FHL book 975.5 M2vr v.55 for a complete muster roster for this Regiment.

Company A  (Strasburg Guards) - many men from Shenandoah County
Company B ( Rockingham Rifles) many men from Rockingham County
Company C (1st) (Southern Grays)

Company C ( 2nd)  (Mauck's Company)  - many men from  Rockingham County
Company D (Bridgewater Greys)  - many men from Rockingham County
Company E (Peaked Mt. Grays) - many men from Rockingham County
Company F (Muhlenburg Rifles) - many men from  Shenandoah County

Company G  (Valley Guards) - many men from  Rockingham County;

Company  H (Chrisman's Infantry) - many men from  Rockingham County

Company   I ( Riverton Invincibles)  - many men from Rockingham County and Alleghany County. See FHL book 975.581 H2m for muster roster for men from Covington, Alleghany County.

Company  K ( Page Volunteers) - many men from  Page County

Company  L ( Jeff Davis Guards) - many men from  Madison County

The above information is from 10th Virginia Infantry, by Terrence V. Murphy

Other Sources

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier or sailor. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in Virginia in the Civil War and United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Virginia in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Virginia, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.


  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, (accessed 6 December 2010).


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  • This page was last modified on 31 July 2014, at 14:56.
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