1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Butler's) (1st Regulars)Edit This Page

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Contents

Brief History

The 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry was also known as Butler's 1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry, 1st South Carolina Infantry Regulars, 1st Regulars or Enlisted Men and several variations of those names. This regiment first served in the Army of the State of South Carolina with ten companies but it was accepted into the service of the Confederate States in May, 1861, with only eight companies, A to H.  Companies I and K were added early in 1862.  Although called an infantry regiment it acted as artillery. In May 1863, the 1st Regiment was designated the 3rd Regiment South Carolina Artillery or 3rd Heavy Artillery Regiment, but this designation was not confirmed although the regiment continued to serve as artillery.  This regiment surrendered with Johnston's forces at Durham Station on April 26,1865.[1][2][3]

Companies in this Regiment with County of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 2,735 men on its roster for this unit. Roster.

The men were recruited in Charleston, Columbia, and Cheraw, and the counties of Greenville,Lancaster, Chesterfield, and Anderson.[1]

In 1862 there was a reorganization of many military units which affected these companies. See Steve Batson's internet site: "South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States", South Carolina Artillery-Third Artillery Regiment-First S.C. Regulars for further information about these companies and their reorganization into other companies and military units. This website also lists officers of the regiment and companies; and battles the regiment was involved in.

Information about the companies, their nicknames, and counties of origin is taken from Seigler's[3] book.  The rosters are taken from the Eastern Digital Resources[4] website.Companies after May 1861:

Company A - (also called Company B and Beauregard Artillery), (accessed 8 Apr 2011) - many men from Edgefield District (County), Laurens District (County), Chesterfield District (County), Lancaster District (County), Charleston District (County), Darlington District (County), Spartanburg District (County), Abbeville District (County) and Calhoun Distirct (County); some men from Memphis, Tennessee and Charlote, North Carolina - Roster
Company B - (also called Company E) - Greenville District (County), Anderson District (County), Richland District (County), Columiba area. - Roster
Company C - man from various areas of South Carolina, Virginia, and Memphis, Tennessee - Roster
Company D - (also known as the Calhoun Light Infantry) - men from various areas of South Carolina, Memphis and Nashville, Tennessee and Georgia - Roster
Company E - (also called Company K and Captain Black's Company) - many men from throughout the state, especially the Charleston area - Roster
Company F  - many men  from throughout the state and Memphis, Tennessee - Roster
Company G - many men  from throughout the state; Memphis, Tennessee, and Baltimore, Maryland - Roster
Company H - many men  from the upper part of the state and  a few from Memphis, Tennessee - Roster
Company I - many men  from throughout the state, especially Anderson District (County); a few from Georgia - Roster
Company K - (also known as River's Battery) - many men from throughout the state - Roster
Field & Staff

Other Sources  

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘South Carolina in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • South Carolina in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for South Carolina, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  • Brooks, Ulysses Robert.  Butler and his Cavalry in the War of Secession, 1861-1865 (publisher:"Columbia, S.C., The State Co"1909), 591 pages. Digital copies at google.com and Internet Archive. Book at WorldCat.org
  • Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. (Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001). FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 10 Companies (A-I, K) listed.
  • Lynch, Harriet Powe, ed. Reminiscences & Sketches of Confederate times. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990). Google Books, FHL Collection, fiche 6082625 (1 fiche). 
  • Salley, Alexander Samuel. South Carolina Troops in Confederate Service, Vol 1 (The State Co., Columbia, SC 1913), 783 pages. Volume 1 covers the 3 regiments known as the First Infantry Regiment (Butler's, Gregg's, Hagood's). It includes brief regimental histories, rosters of the various companies, and compiled service records of the members. A total of 4,542 men are detailed. Digital Copy at Google.com
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 4. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Joseph H. Crute. Units of the Confederate States Army. (Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987).FHL book 973 M2crua. Information available at: National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed December 2010).
  2. Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina, microfilm publication M267. (Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958). These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription ($) website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  3. 3.0 3.1 Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 4, p 45-58. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 3. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.
  4. SC 1st Infantry Regiment Butler's from The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources, accessed 11/15/2010.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 4 January 2013, at 03:00.
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