1st Regiment, South Carolina Infantry (Hagood's)Edit This Page

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Contents

Brief History

1st Regiment Volunteers completed its organization at Barnwell, South Carolina, in December, 1860, and entered Confederate service in April, 1861. They served for 12 months and were reorganized in April 1862.  Some of the members of this regiment subsequently served in other regiments such as the 2nd Regiment South Carolina Artillery and 25th Regiment South Carolina Infantry.  Its companies were raised in Charleston and the counties of Orangeburg, Lancaster, Barnwell, Greenville, Colleton, and Richland.[1]

A excellent detailed history of this military unit can be found in Robert S. Seigler's book South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States.[2]

Companies in this Regiment with the Counties of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 2,154 men on its roster for this unit. Roster.

In 1862 there was a reorganization of many military units which affected these companies. See Steve Batson's internet site: "South Carolina's Service in the War Between the States- Hagood's First South Carolina Regiment" for futher information about these companies and their reorganization into other companies and military units. Also view the soldiers service records which also show the different companies and regiments they may have been transferred in to.

1st Company A -  (also known as Edisto Rifles) - many men from  Orangeburg District (County
2nd Company A - (also  known as the Bamberg Guards) - many men from Barnwell District (County), Bamberg area - Roster:  Before reorganization / After reorganization 
Company B -  (also known as the Jamison Guards) - many men from  Orangeburg District (County) - Roster
1st Company C -  ( also know as Bamburg Guards or Glover Guards) - many men from  Orangeburg District (County) and Bamberg , Ehrhardt areas
2nd Company C - (also knwon as the Buford's Bridge Guards) - Roster:  Before reorganization / After reorganization
1st Company D - ( also known as the St. Matthews Rifles and the Keitt Guards) - many men from Orangeburg District (County) and Barnwell District (County),  Bamburg area 
2nd Company D - ( also known as the Waxhaw Guards) - men from Lancaster District (County) - Roster:  Before reorganization / After reorganization
Company E - (may have  been part of Company K, also known as the Allen Guards
Company E - At Reorganization was known as Wee Nee Volunteers or Williamsburg Volunteers  - many men from Barnwell District (County)l and  (Aiken District (County). Upper Three Runs Creek area. - Roster:  Before reorganization / After reorganization
1st Company F - many men from  Barnwell District (County) Bamberg and Ehrhardt area.
 2nd Company F - ( also known as the Dixie Guards) -many men from Greenville District (County), and a few from Summerville and Cole's Island - Roster: Before reorganization / After reorganization
Company G -  (also known as the Johnson Guards) - many men from  Barnwell District (County) - Roster: Before reorganization / After reorganization
1st Company H  - many men from Barnwell District (County)  
2nd  Company H - (also known as Winsmith Guards) - many men from  Spartanburg District (County) - Roster: Before reorganization / After reorganization
1st Company I -  (possibly known as the Republican Blues) - many men from Barnwell District (County).
 2nd Company I - many men from Marion District (County) - Roster: Before reorganization / After reorganization
1st Company K -  (also known as the Bamberg Guards) -many men from  Barnwell District (County).
 2nd Company K - many men from Orangeburg District (County) - Roster: Before reorganization / After reorganization

Information about Company names, nicknames, counties of origin taken from Eastern Digital Resouces[3] and Seigler's book[2].

Other Sources

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘South Carolina in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • South Carolina in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for South Carolina, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • Compiled Service Records of Confederate Soldiers Who Served in Organizations from the State of South Carolina. Microfilm publication M267. Washington, D.C.: National Archives and Records Services, 1958. These records have been indexed and digitized and are available at Footnote.com (A subscription website, but is available for use at the Family History Library and some Family History Centers). It has digital Civil War soldier service records and brief regiment histories (located at the bottom of some of the muster rolls). (Accessed December 2010)
  • 1st (Hagoods) Infantry Regiment from The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources, accessed 11/15/2010.  Lists Company Rosters and a brief Regiment History.
  • Brooks, U.R. ed.  Memoirs of the war of secession : from the original manuscripts of Johnson Hagood.   (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990),  Google Books,  FHL Collection, microfiche 6082622 (6 fiche).
  • Hewett, Janet B., ed. Supplement to the Official Records of the Union and Confederate Armies. (Wilmington, North Carolina: Broadfoot Pub. Co., c1994-2001). FHL book 973 M29u ser. 1 supp. pt. 2 v. 64 & 65. Lists officers, companies, some nicknames for the companies and dates involving the company and places where they were stationed. There are 10 Companies (A-I, K) listed.
  • Hagood, Johnson. Memoirs of the war of secession : from the original manuscripts of Johnson Hagood. (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990), FHL fiche 6082622
  • Izlar, William V.A Sketch of the War Record of the Edisto Rifles, 1861-1865 : Company A, 1st Regiment, S. C. V. Infantry, Colonel Johnson Hagood, Provisional Army of the Confederate States, 1861-1862; Company G, 25th Regiment, S. C. V. Infantry, Colonel Charles H. Simonton, Confederate states army, 1862-1865. (Camden, South Carolina : J.J. Fox, 1990).   Includes lists of men in companies A & B in the 1st regiment; companies G & F in the 25th regiment; company D of the 20th regiment; and, company I of the 2nd regiment, artillery.Digital copies at Google and Internet Archives. Book at FHL 975.7 M2iw, FHL fiche 6082623 (3 fiche)  and other Libraries.
  • Mixson, Frank M.  Reminiscences of a Private.  (Bethesda, Maryland : University Publications of America, c1990).  Google Books and FHL fiche 6082624 (2 fiche), FHL Collection
  • Phelps, Chris W.  Charlestonians in war : the Charleston Battalion.  (Gretna, Louisiana : Pelican Pub. Co., c2004). Google Books,  FHL Collection.  FHL Book 975.791/C1 M2p.
  • Salley, Alexander Samuel. South Carolina Troops in Confederate Service, Vol 1 (The State Co., Columbia, SC 1913), 783 pages. Volume 1 covers the 3 regiments known as the First Infantry Regiment (Butler's, Gregg's, Hagood's). It includes brief regimental histories, rosters of the various companies, and compiled service records of the members. A total of 4,542 men are detailed. Digital Copy at Google.com
  • Seigler, Robert S. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008. FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. This book has an overview about the creation of the military units for service during the Civil War. There are four volumes which are divided into areas of the State. There is information about the different military units including dates of organization and service, company officers, battle engagements, company names and places of origin, and a few pictures. This book is also available through other libraries.

References

  1. Joseph H. Crute. Units of the Confederate States Army. (Midlothian, Virginia : Derwent Books, c1987).FHL book 973 M2crua. Information available at: National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed December 2010).
  2. 2.0 2.1 Robert S. Seigler. South Carolina's Military Organizations During the War Between the States. (Charleston, South Carolina: The History Press, c2008.), v. 2, p 45-79.FHL book 975.7 M2sr v. 2. The book goes into greater detail about the companies and the different military units they served in. Also the book may give more information about the different units this Battalion served with.
  3. 1st (Hagoods) Infantry Regimentfrom The War for Southern Independence in South Carolina. Eastern Digital Resources, accessed 11/15/2010. Lists Company Rosters and a brief Regiment History.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 12 May 2014, at 22:30.
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