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Contents

Brief History

The 78th Regiment, Illinois Infantry was organized at Quincy, Illinois, and mustered in on September 1, 1862. The regiment marched to Washington, D. C., via Richmond, Virginia from April 29-May 19, 1865 and mustered out on June 7, 1865[1].

For more information on the history of the 78th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, see the following:

Wikipedia, (accessed 30 Dec 2010) article on the 78th Illinois Volunteer Infantry Regiment.

The Civil War Archive. (accessed 30 Dec 2010) Brief history of the 78th Regiment Infantry.


Companies in this Regiment with County of Origin

Men often enlisted in a company recruited in the counties where they lived though not always. After many battles, companies might be combined because so many men were killed or wounded. However if you are unsure which company your ancestor was in, try the company recruited in his county first.


The following counties of origin are taken from the Adjutant General's Report, found on the Illinois Civil War Rosters web site. Roster pages are from the same report found on the Internet Archives web site. The rosters show the men who served in each regiment, their residences, dates of enlistment and mustering out, and other remarks.

Company A - many men from Schuyler County - Schuyler County web site - Roster vol. 5, pages 4-6.

Company B - many men from Adams County - Adams County web site - Roster vol. 5, pages 6-8.

Company C - many men from McDonough County - McDonough County web site - Roster vol. 5, pages 8-9.

Company D - many men from Hancock County - Hancock County web site - Roster vol. 5, pages 9-11.

Company E - many men from Adams County - Adams County web site - Roster vol. 5, pages 11-13.

Company F - many men fromAdams County - Adams County web site - Roster vol. 5, pages 13-15.

Company G - many men from Adams County - Adams County web site - Roster vol. 5, pages 15-17.

Company H - many men from Hancock County - Hancock County web site - Roster vol. 5, pages 17-19.

Company I - many men from McDonough and Adams counties - McDonough and Adams county web sites - Roster vol. 5, pages 19-20.

Company K - many men from Adams County - Adams County web site - Roster vol. 5, pages 21-22.

Unassigned Recruits - Roster vol. 5, page 23.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors database lists 1,686 men on its roster for this unit. Roster.


Other Sources

WEB SITES

  • Beginning United States Civil War Research gives steps for finding information about a Civil War soldier. It covers the major records that should be used. Additional records are described in ‘Illinois in the Civil War’ and ‘United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865’ (see below).
  • National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System, is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • Illinois in the Civil War describes many Confederate and Union sources, specifically for Illinois, and how to find them.. These include compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • United States Civil War, 1861 to 1865 describes and explains United States and Confederate States records, rather than state records, and how to find them. These include veterans’ censuses, compiled service records, pension records, rosters, cemetery records, Internet databases, published books, etc.
  • Illinois State Archives - Illinois Civil War Muster and Descriptive Rolls Database (accessed 14 June 2011). Search by residence, unit, regiment, company or soldier.


BOOKS AND FILMS

  • Civil War Centennial Commission of Illinois. Illinois Military Units in the Civil War. (Springfield, [Ill.]:Civil War Centennial Commission of Illinois, c1962).FHL Collection.FHL US/CAN Book 977.3 M2im and FHL US/CAN FIlm 6334558. Other libraries with this book.  Includes millitary units by county, infantry, cavalry, and artillery regiments, including independent artillery.
  • United States. War Department. Record and Pension Office. Compiled Records Showing Service of Military Units in Volunteer Union Organizations. (Washington, District of Columbia : The National Archives, c1964).FHL Collection 76th-82nd Infantry FHL US/CAN Film 1488478. Other libraries with this microfilm. View online at Internet Archives.
  • Vance, Joseph W and Illinois. Adjutant General's Office. Report of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois, 1861-1866 .(Salt Lake City, Utah : Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1957, 1980).FHL CollectionFHL US/CAN Film 1670784. Other libraries with this book. View online at Internet Archives.Rosters of officers, enlisted men, and historical memoranda of the regiments.

References

  1. National Park Service, The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System (accessed 4 January 2011).



 

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  • This page was last modified on 24 January 2013, at 02:43.
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