Adams County, IllinoisEdit This Page

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This article is about a western Illinois county. For other uses, see Adams.

United States Gotoarrow.png IllinoisGotoarrow.png Adams County

Guide to Adams County Illinois genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

Hand and keyboard.jpg Illinois
Online Records

Coordinates: 39.99°0′N 91.19°0′W / 39.99°N 91.19°W / 39.99; -91.19

Adams County, Illinois
Map
Map of Illinois highlighting Adams County
Location in the state of Illinois
Map of the U.S. highlighting Illinois
Location of Illinois in the U.S.
Facts
Founded January 13, 1825
County Seat Quincy
Courthouse
Adams county courthouse.gif
Photo courtesy Illinois Regional Archives Depository, Illinois State Archives
Address Adams County Courthouse
507 Vermont Street
Quincy, Illinois 62301

Contents

Adams County Organization

Adams County's civil records start the following years:

Beginning Dates for Adams County Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1878 1825 1878 1830 1817 1826

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Adams County are kept, see the Adams County Courthouse page.

Historical Records

John Quincy Adams in 1843.png

Adams County is named for John Quincy Adams, the sixth President of the United States.

Boundary Changes

  • 13 January 1825 -- Adams County was created 13 January 1825 from Pike County. [1]
    03 August 1829: Hancock County fully organized, detached from Adams. (Scofield, 679)
    03 March 1837: Adams boundaries were extended to the middle of the Mississippi River [not mapped]. (Ill. Laws 1836-1837, pp. 91-92)
    11 February 1843: Adams lost to creation of Marquette (later Highland, extinct). (Ill. Laws 1842-1843, pp. 77-83)
    27 Febrary 1847: Adams lost to Highland (extinct). (Ill. Laws 1846-1847, gen., pp. 38-41)
    by 31 December 1848: Adams gained all of Highland (extinct) when Highland failed to become fully organized as a county; Highland eliminated. (Wilcox, David F., 1:119-120) (source: Newberry Library)

For animated maps illustrating Illinois county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Illinois County Boundary Maps" (1790-1869) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in Illinois counties see: Illinois Counties with Burned Courthouses

9 December 1835: - Courthouse burned and many records were damaged.
9 January 1875: - Courthouse burned again, and many records damaged.

For further information on researching in burned counties, see Burned Counties Research.

Records and Resources

Please note:The Adams County IL GenWeb site is undergoing major rework. As soon as the pages are complete, the links, below, will be repaired. September 20, 2013

Biography

  • The History of Adams County, Illinois: containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, etc.; a biographical directory of its citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late Rebellion ... portraits of early settlers and prominent men; history of the Northwest, history of Illinois ... etc., etc. Reprint 1977 (original 1879) FHL Book 977.344 H2ha 1977, fiche 6048848
  • The History of Adams County, Illinois: containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, etc.; a biographical directory of its citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion; general and local statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent men...miscellaneous matters, etc., etc., pub. 1879 FHL Film 924761, another filming 934969 Item 1; Adams Co IL USGenWeb
  • The History of Adams County, Illinois: containing a history of the county, its cities, towns, etc.; a biographical directory of its citizens, war record of its volunteers in the late rebellion; general and local statistics, portraits of early settlers and prominent men...miscellaneous matters, etc., etc., apparent reprint with index FHL film 1421655 Item 7
  • Memorials to those involved in the legal profession, filed by the clerk, with birth and death dates, ca. 1807-1961, FHL Film 1845491 Item 2
  • Past and present of the city of Quincy and Adams County, Illinois: including the late Colonel John Tillson's History of Quincy, together with biographical sketches of many of its leading and prominent citizens and illustrious dead; pub. 1905 FHL Film 934969 Item 4; Adams Co IL USGenWeb 
  • Portrait and biographical record of Adams County, Illinois: containing biographical sketches of prominent and representative citizens; pub. 1892. Adams County IL USGenWeb; Google Books; Internet Archive; Ancestry ($); FHL film 934969 Item 3
  • Quincy and Adams County History, Vol. 1. pub. 1919 Adams County IL USGenWeb
  • Quincy and Adams County History, Vol. II, pub. 1919 Adams County IL USGenWeb
  • Adams County IL USGenWeb Message Board

Indexes

Cemeteries

Published Records

  • Adams County, Illinois, Cemetery Records of Southside Cemetery and South Mound Cemetery in Clayton, Illinois, 1800's-1974. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. FHL film 960878 Item 1
  • Bluffs United Methodist Church (Adams County, Illinois). Shiloh Tombstone Inscriptions, 1840-1985. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1986. FHL film 1439635
  • Great River Genealogical Society. St. Peters Cemetery, Quincy, Illinois and Adams County Catholic cemeteries. Quincy, Illinois: Great River Genealogical Society, 1985. FHL book 977.344 V3st
  • Hooper, Mildred. Adams County, Illinois Tombstone Inscriptions, ca. 1776-1967. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1989. FHL film 1642711 (first of 9)
  • Hooper, Mildred. [Adams County, Illinois Cemeteries, ca. 1789-1967]. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1989. FHL films 1637641–1637646
  • Illinois. Department of Veterans Affairs. Veterans National Cemetery Records, Illinois. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1981. FHL film 1308572. Includes Graceland National Cemetery in Adams County.
  • Illinois. Recorder (Adams County). Cemetery Deeds, 1890 (1), 1904-1932. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1991. FHL film 1787254 Item 8
  • Kay, Jeannie McCarl and Lillian Harris Frye. Adams County, Illinois, Cemeteries. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. FHL film 1001123
  • Simmermacher, Francis and Margurite Halsey Shippey. Names in Stone, Woodville Cemetery, Keene Township, Adams County, Illinois. Salt Lake City, Utah: Filmed by the Genealogical Society of Utah, 1974. FHL film 965272 Item 3


Online Gravestone Transcriptions

  • Find A Grave.com has burial information for nearly 200 Adams County cemeteries. For a complete list of cemeteries, click Here.


Cemetery Gazetters

  • Epodunk has a list of Adams County Cemeteries. The website provides name of cemetery, address and telephone number when available, Google Map with cemetery marker, and other helpful Internet links.

Census

For information and tips on using and accessing online census records, see Illinois Census.

Federal

Historical populations
Census Pop.
190067,058
191064,588−3.7%
192062,188−3.7%
193062,7841.0%
194065,2293.9%
195064,690−0.8%
196068,4675.8%
197070,8613.5%
198071,6221.1%
199066,090−7.7%
200068,2773.3%
IL Counties 1900-1990

1830 Census, Quincy only: Adams County ILGenWeb Project

1840 Census, Rural Adams County (No names from Quincy): Adams County ILGenWeb Project

1850 Census, Adams County, Illinois other libraries; FHL Fiche 6103953-6103955 9 cards

1860 Census, Adams County, Illinois other libraries; FHL 6093946-6093948 12 cards

1870 Census of Adams County, Illinois Quincy Public Library

The 1890 census burned. The Directories section includes a reference to an 1892 directory that can be used to learn who lived in the county at approximately the same time.

State

1840 Pensioners

  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census. Washington, D.C., 1841. FHL 973 X2pc 1840; FHL 2321; digital version at Google Books. [See Illinois, Adams County on page 186.]

Church Records

Church records may give birth, death and marriage information as well as indictate family relationships. See Illinois state wiki article Church Records for more ideas about how to use church records in your research. Many libraries( WorldCat) and the Family History Library hold abstracts of church records for Adams County. Learn more about how to search WorldCat and the Family History Library Catalog.

  • Inventory of the McDonough County Genealogical Society's church records, ca. 1830-1991 FHL 2 films

Anglican

Baptist

  • Duncan, Robert S. The History of the Baptists in Missouri. Scammel and Co., St. Louis: 1882.  Online free digital copy.Google Books.

Catholic

Church of Christ

  • 1835 Pleasant View Christian Church. The History of Adams County, Illinois. Murray, Williamson and Phelps, Chicago: 1879. Online digital copy, Internet Archive. Page 969.
  • 1835 Ursa Christian Church.. The History of Adams County, Illinois. Murray, Williamson and Phelps, Chicago: 1879. Online digital copy, Internet Archive. Page 969.
  • 1860–1985 Bluff Fall Church (Formerly German Evengelical Zion (Lutheran) Church of Fall Creek. Courtesy of USGenWeb.
  • 1861–1896 Fowler Christian Church. Courtesy Kevin Fowler's Illinois History Page.

Evangelical

Evangelical Lutheran

Jewish

Lutheran

Methodist Episcopal

Presbyterian

United Methodist

Correctional Institutions

Court Records

Original court records are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Court Records for more information about using court records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through the Family History Library or the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Western Illinois University (WIU) - search for Adams County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the WIU IRAD Wiki page.

Copies of original records

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Adams County court records may be found in the FHLC and FHLC–indexes. Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Directories

  • Adams County, IL, 1892. Quincy, IL, USA: Stone & Co., 1892. Digital version at Ancestry ($).

Ethnic Research

African American

The following have information concerning African American research.

Germans

Archives, Libraries, and Museums
Biographies
Church Records
Cemetery Records
Court Records
Histories
Immigration/emigration/migration
Maps
Newspapers
Societies

Funeral Homes

Genealogy

Mailing Lists

Rootsweb mailing lists:

Yahoogroups:

Message Boards

Rootsweb/Ancestry

Genforum:

Adams County IL USGenWeb has its own message board Message Board

History

  • The History of Adams County, Illinois: Containing History of the County, Its Cities, Towns, etc., A Biographical Directory of Its Citizens, War Record of Its Volunteers in the Late Rebellion, General and Local Statistics, Portraits of Early Settlers and Prominent Men, History of the Northwest, History of Illinois, Map of Adams County, Constitution of the United States, Miscellaneous Matters, etc., etc. Chicago: Murray, Williamson & Phelps, 1879. Internet Archive; Ancestry ($); Reprint: FHL Book 977.344 H2ha 1977
  • Collins, William Herzog. Past and Present of the City of Quincy and Adams County, Illinois. Chicago: S.J. Clarke Pub. Co., 1905. Internet Archive; Ancestry ($)
  • Quincy and Adams County History and Representative Men. Chicago: Lewis Pub. Co., 1919. Internet Archive; Ancestry ($); World Vital Records ($).

Land and Property

Original land records are held in the office of the County Clerk . See Illinois Land and Property for more information about using land records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through online sources, the Family History Library or the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Western Illinois University (WIU) - search for Adams County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the WIU IRAD Wiki page.

Copies of original records

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Adams County land and property may be found in the FHLC and FHLC–maps. Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Online Resources

Maps

Iladams.jpg

Medical Records

Military History and Records

Civil War

Civil War service men from Adams County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies or regiments that were formed from men of Adams County.

- 1st Regiment, Illinois Cavalry, Company F.
- 2nd Regiment, Illinois Cavalry, (Adams County Cavalry) Company L.
- 3rd Regiment, Illinois Cavalry, Company F.
- 10th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (3 months, 1861), Companies A, D, and E.
- 10th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company C.
- 16th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B, C, and H.
- 27th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Company A.
- 50th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, and K.
- 78th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B, E, F, G, I, and K.
- 84th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies E and I.
- 118th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies D, F, and K.
- 119th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies A, G, and I.
- 137th Regiment, Illinois Infantry (100 days, 1864), Companies A, B, D, and G.
- 148th Regiment, Illinois Infantry, Companies B, D, F, G, and H.
- 151st Regiment, Illinois Infantry (1 year, 1865), Company H.
  • Illinois military census, 1861-1862 FHL film 2209347
    A list, by county, of able-bodied male citizens between the ages of eighteen and forty-five in pursuance of General Orders No. 99 of the War Department and instructions of the Adjutant General of the State of Illinois. Adams, Cook, JoDavies and Lake counties.

Naturalization and Citizenship

Original naturalization records are held in the office of the County Clerk. See Illinois Naturalization Records for more information about using naturalization records.

The following copies of original records may be accessed through the Family History Library.

  • 1826–1844 Circuit court records (contains judgements and naturalizations) FHL 961246

Newspapers and Obituaries

The Adams County ILGenWeb Project has a nice collection of Obituaries & Death Notices.

Poorhouses

Adams County Almshouse Register Index, 1873-1898, courtesy: Illinois State Archives.

Probate Records

Original estates and wills are held in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk. See Illinois Probate Records for more information about using probate records.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through, the Family History Library or the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Western Illinois University (WIU) - search for Adams County records. For information on how to use IRAD see theWIU IRAD Wiki page.

Copies of original records

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Adams County probates may be found in the Illinois, Adams – Probate and on Illinois, Adams – Probate record indexes topic pages of the Family History Library catalog (FHLC). Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Online Resources

Adams County Will Records courtesy USGenWeb Archives Illinois.

Public Records

Repositories

See also a List of Illinois Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

Inventory of the county archives of Illinois, no. 1, Historical Records Survey, pub. 1939 FHL Book 977.344 A5h, film 908539 Item 1

County Courthouse

County records are most often kept at the County Courthouse or another local repository. For further information about where the records for Adams County are kept, see the Adams County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

Quincy Illinois Family History Center
210 Cardinal Terrace
Quincy, IL 62301
217-224-3220

To learn more about the genealogical resources available at Family History Centers, see Introduction to LDS Family History Centers. For center hours and holiday closure information, see Quincy Illinois Family History Center.

Illinois Regional Archives Depository

IRAD is a system of Illinois Regional Archives Depositories managed by the Illinois State Archives, housing the archival records of local Illinois counties, townships, municipalities and school districts. The seven Regional Depositories are housed on state university campuses scattered throughout Illinois. Western Illinois University houses the records for Adams County.

Public Libraries

Camp Point Public Library District
206 E. State Street
Camp Point, IL 62320
Tel: 217-593-7021

Clayton Public Library District
211 East Main Street
Clayton, IL 62324
Tel: 217-894-6519

Four Star Public Library District
132 W. South Street
Mendon, IL 62351
Tel: 217-936-2131
Facebook

Quincy Public Library
526 Jersey
Quincy, IL 62301
Tel: 217-223-1309

Schools

  • 1883–1956 School teachers' daily registers IRAD–WIU

Social Groups Online

Societies

Great River Genealogical Society
c/o Quincy Public Library
526 Jersey Street
Quincy, IL 62301-3927
Email: contact@gr-gs.org

Historical Society of Quincy and Adams County
425 South 12th Street
Quincy, IL 62301-4303
Tel: 217-222-1835
Fax:217-222-8212
Email: hsqac@sbcglobal.net  

Taxation

Vital Records

See Illinois Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Illinois. See also How to order Illinois Vital Records or order electronically online.

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Original birth and death certificates recorded until the year 1916 are kept by the Adams County Clerk while those recorded after 1916 are kept by the Illinois Department of Public Health with a copy to the County Clerk. Original marriage records are usually kept by the County Clerk from the establishment of the county to the present. Original divorce records are generally in the office of the Circuit Court Clerk.

The following abstracts and copies of original records may be accessed through online databases, the Family History Library and the Illinois Regional Archives Depository (IRAD) located at the Western Illinois University (WIU) - search for Adams County records. For information on how to use IRAD see the IRAD Wiki page.

To learn how to order birth, marriage, and death records, visit the County Clerk's website:

Adams County Clerk
Vital Records
Georgia Volm
507 Vermont St
Quincy, IL 62301
217-277-2150

Births

Copies of Original Birth Records

Marriages

Abstracts of Marriage Records

Copies of original Marriage Records

Some of the Family History Library's Collection of Adams County marriages have been digitized: Illinois County Marriages, 1810-1934.

Online Resources

Deaths

Copies of original Death Records

Online Resources

Divorce Records

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Adams County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the Illinois, Adams – Vital Records and the Illinois, Adams – Vital Records - indexes topic page topic page of the Family History Library catalog (FHLC). Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FHLC may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the Family History Library Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Websites

References

  1. WorldCat 50140092, FHL Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed.] (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002)
  2. 2.00 2.01 2.02 2.03 2.04 2.05 2.06 2.07 2.08 2.09 2.10 2.11 2.12 2.13 2.14 2.15 2.16 2.17 2.18 2.19 2.20 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/1/10/Igiillinoisac.pdf.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 28 March 2014, at 01:21.
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