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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Cultural Groups

The purpose of this wiki is to guide the user to records that will assist them in finding records of individual Indians and to document their family history and genealogy.The following list is given to illustrate the possible ties and associations with other tribes of the same culture grouping. All tribes are not included.

Geographical classifications may be determined by linguistics, cultural or other unique factors relating to the tribes. Geographic classification may cover a larger land mass and may include several or parts of the culture groups. Other classifications: Eastern Woodland, and California

This page compliments American Indian Regions

The cultural groups for the Indians of North America and some of the tribes belonging to each are:

  • Arctic Culture: Aleut and Inuit
  • California Culture: Achomawi (Pit River Indians), Cahuilla, Chimariko, Chumash, Costanoan, Cupeno, Diegueno, Esselen, Gabrieleno, Hupa, Karok, Luiseno, Maidu, Miwok, Pomo, Salinas, Shasta, Tolowa, Wintun, Yahi, Yokuts, Yuki, and YurokLinguistic Stocks: Athapaskan, Hokan, Lutuamian, Penutian, and Yukian
  • Great Basin Culture: Bannock, Paiute, Shoshone, Ute, and  Washoe Linguistic Stocks: Uto-Aztekan (except Washoe)
  • Great Plains Culture: Arapaho, Arikara, Assiniboine, Blackfeet, Cheyenne, Comanche, Crow, Gros Ventre, Hidatsa, Ioway, Kaw, Kiowa, Mandan, Missouria, Omaha, Osage, Otoe, Pawnee, Ponca, Quapaw, Sarcee, Sioux, Tonkawa, and Wichita  Liguistic Stocks: Algonkian, Athapaskan, Caddoan, Kiowan, Siouan, and Uto-Aztekan
  • Midwest Culture: Menomine, Sauk, Fox. Kickapoo, Potawatomi, Miami, Neutral, Erie, Mosopelea, Shawnee, Illinois Linguistic Stock: Algonkian
  • Northeast Culture: Abenaki, Algonkin, Chippewa, Erie, Huron, Illinois, Iroquois (Cayuga, Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Seneca & Tuscarora), Kickapoo, Lenni Lenape (Delaware), Mahican, Milisett, Massachuset, Menominee, Meskwaki (Fox), Miami, Micmac, Mohegan, Motauk, Nanticoke, Narragansett, Neutral, Niantic, Nipmuc, Ottawa, Passamaquoddy, Pennacook, Penobscot, Pequot, Potawatomi, Powhatan, Roanoke, Sac, Shawnee, Susquehanock, Tionontati, Wimpanoag, Wappinger, and Winnebago  Linguist Stocks: Algonkian and Iroquoian
  • Northwest Coast Culture: Bella Coola, Chinook, Coos, Cowichan, Duwamish, Haida, Kalapuya, Kwakiutl, Makah, Nisqually, Nootka, Puyallup, Quileute, Quinault, Squaxon, Takelma, Tlingit, Tsimshian, Umpqua, and Yaquina.   Linguistic Stocks: Athapaskan, Chimakuan, Chimmesyan, Chinookan, Hokan, Kusan, Ritwan, Salishan, Takelman, Wakashan , and Yakonan
  • Plateau Culture: Cayuse, Coeur d'Alene, Columbia, Flathead, Kalispel, Klamath, Klickitat, Kootenai, Modoc, Nez Perce, Ntlakyapamuk, Okanagan, Palouse, Umatilla, Spokan, Stuwihamuk, Walla Walla, Wanapam, Wishram, and Yakama  Linguistic Stocks: Athapaskan, Chinookan, Kitunhan, Sahaptin, Salishan, and Waiilatpuan.
  • Southeast Culture: Alabama, Apalachee, Atakapa, Caddo, Calusa, Catawba, Chitimacha, Choctaw, Coushatta, Creek, Lumbee, Mobile, Natchez, Seminole, Shakori, Timucua, Tunica, Yamasee, Yazoo,  and Yuchi Linguist Stocks: Algonkian, Hokan, Iroquoian, Muskhogean, Siuan,Tamaulipecan, Timucuan, Tunican, and Uchean
  • Southwest Culture: Akimel O'odham (Pima), Apache, Coahuiltec, Havasupai, Hopi, Hualapai, Karankawa, Keres, Mojave, Navajo, Pueblo Indians, Tewa, Tiwa, Tohono O'odham, Towa, Yaqui, Yavapai, Yuma, and Zuni Linguist Stocks: Athapaskan, Hokan, Keresan, Tanoan, Uto-Aztekan, and Zunian
  • Subarctic Culture: Ahtena, Beaver, Beothuk, Carrier, Chipewyan, Chippewa (Ojibway), Cree, Dogrib, Han, Hare, Ingalik, Koyukon, Kutchin, Montagnais, Naskapi, Slavey, Tanaina, Tanana, Yellowknife


  • Caribbean Tribes: Arawak (Taino)
  • MesoAmerican Civilizations: Aztec, Maya, Olmec, Toltec
  • Others: Metis, Mission Indians, Mound Builders, Prairie Indians, Prehistoric Indians

For additional information about culture see other web sites detailing cultural groups of the natives of North America.


Murdock, George Peter. Ethnographic Bibliography of North America. Behavior Science Bibliographies. 3rd ed. Published by Human Relations Area Files New Haven 1960 . ( includes maps)


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  • This page was last modified on 28 January 2016, at 18:57.
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