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Guide to Ashland County, Ohio ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

This article is about the north central Ohio county. For other uses, see Ashland.
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Online Records

Ashland County, Ohio
Boundary map of Ashland County, Ohio
Map of the U.S. highlighting Ohio
Location of Ohio in the U.S.
Ashland County, Ohio Courthouse.jpg
Address Ashland County Courthouse
110 W. 2nd St.
Ashland, Ohio 44805-2101
Ashland County Website
Phone: 419.289.000

United States Gotoarrow.png Ohio Gotoarrow.png Ashland County


Historical Facts

Beginning dates for major county records

*For earlier dates, try... Church | Obituaries | Cemeteries

Neighboring Counties

Lorain County  • Huron County  • Richland County  • Knox County  • Holmes County  • Wayne County  • Medina County

Ashland CountyErie CountyLorain CountyMedina CountyWayne CountyRichland CountyKnox CountySeneca CountySandusky CountyCrawford CountyMarrion CountyMorrow CountyHolmes CountySummit CountyStark CountyCoshocton CountyTuscarawas CountyCuyahoga CountyHuron CountyOHAshland.JPG

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Ohio county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Ohio County Boundary Maps" (1788-1888) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in Ohio counties see: Ohio Counties with Burned Courthouses


Bible Records

For an extensive list of resources for Bible Records see Ohio Bible Records.


Business Records and Commerce


LDS Cemetery Records
Vol. 1 page 97 - Cemetery on Highway 224 near Sullivan

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Family History Library


Names in Stone


Billion Graves

Billion Graves


Ohio Gravestones

Names in Stone

See Ohio Cemeteries for more information.


Historical populations
Census Pop.

Church Records

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Ohio denominations, view the Ohio Church Records wiki page.

Finding More Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Church Records in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Emigration and Immigration

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups



Fry Family of Ashland County, Ohio


Local histories are available for Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Ohio Local Histories.

Local Histories

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Ohio Land and Property for additional information about early Ohio land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.

Finding More Land Records

Additional land records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Land and Property Records in online catalogs like:




Roster - Ashland County Ohio –OHGenWeb Project- Known Ashland county Veterans of the Civil War

Naturalization and Citizenship


Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy newspapers may contain genealogical value including obituaries, births, marriages, deaths, anniversaries, family gatherings, family travel, achievements, business notices, engagement information, and probate court proceedings.

To access newspapers, contact public libraries, Ohio Genealogical Society chapters, college or university libraries, the Library of Congress, Google News, or the Ohio Historical Society. The Ohio Genealogical Society Obituary Database is another source of newspaper information.

For more Ohio newspaper information see the Newspaper Guides on the wiki page Ohio Newspapers.

Online Newspapers
Online Newspaper Abstracts
Newspaper Extracts and Abstracts in Book Form



Probate records created after 1852 are held by the Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. From 1797 or the creation of the county, probate records were held by the Court of Common Pleas. Most counties transferred all records to the Probate Court, but in some circumstances, Court of Common Pleas records should be searched for records prior to 1852. Most records are housed at the Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Courthouse. Some records are on microfilm at the Ohio Genealogical Society and the Family History Library. For more complete information about the location of county probate records see:

See the wiki page Ohio Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records (1867-1908 only).

Online Probate Records

Finding More Probate Records

Additional probate records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Records in online catalogs like:

Public Records



Ashland County Courthouse
110 W 2nd Street
Ashland, OH 44805
Phone: 419.289.000

Clerk of the Courts has divorces and court records.
Probate Court has marriages and probate records.
County Recorder has land records.[1]

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Center for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

FamilySearch Centers are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources for family history research.

The main FamilySearch Center for Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy is the Mansfield Ohio Family History Center. For additional nearby Family History Centers, search online in the FHC directory.


  The Ashland County Chapter of the Ohio Genealogical Society (OGS) maintains a Genealogy and Local History Room located on the first floor of the Ashland Public Library.

Connecticut Western Reserve in northeast Ohio.png
The Connecticut Western Reserve  was a part of northeast Ohio originally intended for settlement by Revolutionary War refugees from Connecticut.[3] The former Connecticut Western Reserve  lands were in the modern counties of Ashtabula, Cuyahoga, Erie, Geauga, Huron, Lake, Lorain, Medina, Portage, and Trumbull fully, but also in parts of Ashland, Mahoning, Ottawa, Summit, and Wayne counties in Ohio.

The Research Library at the Western Reserve Historical Society History Center  is the premier repository for Cleveland, Ohio and Connecticut Western Reserve history material. One of the principal strengths is its manuscript collections.[4] The WRHS collection has original land records, genealogies of New England, New York, and Pennsylvania, biographies, histories, and family Bibles.[3]

Other Societies


Ohio tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses before 1820 or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information see the wiki page Ohio Taxation.

Finding More Tax Records

Additional tax records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Tax Records in online catalogs like:

Vital Records

Vital records consist of birth, death, marriage and divorce records. Although Ohio enacted a statute in 1856 -1857 requiring registration of births, deaths and marriages, many counties did not comply. A second law was written in 1867 but, again, was not always followed. By 1908, the law was more clearly defined and kept. Any existing birth and death records from 1867 through December 19, 1908 are located at the Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court. The Ohio Department of Health has birth records filed after December 20, 1908 and death records filed after January 1, 1954 while the Ohio Historical Society houses death records from December 20, 1908 through December 31, 1953.

Original marriage records are held at the office of the Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Probate Court with divorce records located with the Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Clerk of Courts.

See also How to order Ohio Vital Records or order vital records electronically online.


Online Birth Indexes and Records

Original Birth Records on Microfilm


Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Original Marriage Records on Microfilm


Online Death Indexes and Records

Original Death Records on Microfilm


Finding More Vital Records

Additional vital records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Ashland County, Ohio Genealogy Vital Records in online catalogs like:

Web Sites

Places / Localities

Populated Places




  • Bailey Lakes
  • Hayesville
  • Jeromesville
  • Loudonville
  • Mifflin
  • Perrysville
  • Polk
  • Savannah


  • Clear Creek
  • Green
  • Hanover
  • Jackson
  • Lake
  • Mifflin
  • Milton
  • Mohican
  • Montgomery
  • Orange
  • Perry
  • Ruggles
  • Sullivan
  • Troy
  • Vermillion

Unincorporated Communities

  • Albion
  • England
  • Five Points
  • Herefork
  • Lake Fork
  • McKay
  • Mczena
  • Mohicanville
  • Nankin
  • Nova
  • Paradise Hill
  • Redhaw
  • Rowsburg
  • Ruggles
  • Spreng
  • Sullivan
  • Widowville


  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 540, Ashland County, Ohio. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Carol Willsey Bell, Ohio Wills and Estates to 1850: An Index (Columbus, Ohio: the author, 1981). FamilySearch Books Online - Free online copy.
  3. 3.0 3.1 William Dollarhide, and Ronald A. Bremer, America's Best Genealogy Resource Centers (Bountiful, UT: Heritage Quest, 1988), 89. At various repositories (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 J54d.
  4. Family History and Genealogical Research in Western Reserve Historical Society (accessed 11 March 2015).


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  • This page was last modified on 31 October 2015, at 13:39.
  • This page has been accessed 46,257 times.