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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of Montana Gotoarrow.png Blackfeet Indian Agency (Montana)

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The Blackfeet Indian Agency, located in Browning, Montana is the administrative office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs on the Blackfeet Reservation. Its current supervising field office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs is the Billings Area Office.

Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Piegan, Akatsim Atsissi Whistle Smoke.jpg

During Indian Census years:




History

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The Blackfeet Agency was established in 1855 at Fort Benton, Montana. At its creation, it was under the Central Superintendency. It had jurisdiction over Blackfeet (Siksika), Piegan, Blood (Kainah), and Grosventre Indians.
1861 Claimed by both the Central and the new Dakota Superintendency
1862 Assigned to Dakota Superintendency
1863 Assigned to the new Idaho Superintendency
1864 Assigned to the new Montana Superintendency

In 1869, a new Blackfeet Agency was built on the Teton River about 35 miles from Fort Shaw, Montana. In 1870, the Milk River (later Fort Peck) Agency was created for the Grosventre Indians. In 1876 the Agency was moved to Badger Creek and in 1879 to another location on Badger Creek. [1][2]

It has continued to function to the present, with headquarters at Browning, Montana.

Agents and Appointment Dates

Edwin A. C. Hatch March 3, 1855, Alfred J. Vaughn May 1857, Luther Pease April 22, 1861, Henry W. Reed April 4, 1862, Gad E. Upson October 13, 1863, George B. Wright April 10, 1866, Nathaniel Pope (acting) August 25, 1868, Lt. William B. Pease June 11, 1869, M. M. McCauley September 9, 1870, Jesse Armitage February 25, 1871, William F. Ensign July 23, 1872, Richard F. May November 6, 1873, John S. Wood October 24, 1874, John Young October 20, 1876 [3]

Records

Chippewa, Woman and Infant, (1900).jpg
Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Blackfeet Agency, 1855-1869, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234.[4] Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1660760).

Many of the historical records of this agency are housed in the Rocky Mountain Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Denver, Colorado.[5] Records in that collection which may be of assistance to the genealogist include:

  • Vital records, including list of Indian lodges, ca. 1877-78 (FHL Film: 1275620)
  • Census records, 1895-1908 (FHL Film: 1275621)
  • Marriage records, 1894-1915 (FHL Film: 1275621)
  • "Registers of Indians by Families," 1901-04 (FHL Film: 1275623)
  • Records of births and deaths, 1902-17 (FHL Film: 1275622)
  • Land claims 1879-1892(FHL Film: 1275623)
  • Heirship 1907-1952 (FHL Films: 1028548 and 1028549)
  • Family histories, 1908
  • Census rolls and related records, 1891-1947 (FHL Film: 1028550)
  • Supplementary census rolls, 1923-42
  • Census record cards, 1925- 51.
  • Other Agency records in this collection: (FHL Films 1028551-554)

Many other historical records are also included in the agency records.

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Blackfeet Agency, 1882-1899 are on rolls 2-3 of that Microcopy set.[6] Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 1617686-1617687).

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Blackfeet Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Blackfeet Agency, as well as many pages of Indian Population Schedules for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 212, Blackfeet Agency, in Teton County, Montana.

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Blackfeet Agency, 1907-1935, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 5-6[7], available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, beginning with their microfilm numbers 1724223-1724224. Reports for some years are missing.

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1885-1887, 1890-1891, and from 1894 thru 1939. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 3 thru 11.[8] Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 573849-573857). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 17
  2. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 149
  3. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
  4. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 234, p. 8
  5. Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
  6. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 1070, p. 48
  7. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 1011, p. 27
  8. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 595, p. 51
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 27 October 2014, at 21:16.
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