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The Blackfeet Indian Reservation is located in northwestern Montana, on the Canadian border, just east of Glacier National Park and west of Cut Bank, Montana, primarily in Glacier County, with a small portion in Pondera County.

Established --  September 17, 1851 (the first Fort Laramie Treaty) and 17 October 1855 (by Treaty), modified by later treaties, executive orders, and agreements. [1]
Agency (BIA) -- Blackfeet Agency located at Browning.
Principal tribes -- Assiniboine, Blackfeet (Siksika), Blood (Kainah), Piegan, Flathead Indians, Kalispel Indians, Little Shell Chippewa IndiansNez Perce Indians (they are Amikwa Ojibwa's), Pend d'Oreille Indians, and Spokane Indians.
Population --  2010 census is 8,944 (when including mixed bloods it's 9,152) - Does not include non Indians[2]   1969: Tribal enrollment: 10,467 [3]

Contents

History

The Blackfeet Indian Reservation was established by Treaty of Oct. 17, 1855 and modified by unratified treaties of July 18, 1866, and July 13 and 15 and Sept. 1, 1868 and by Executive orders, July 5, 1873, and Aug. 19,1874. It was further modified by an act of Apr. 15, 1874 and by Executive orders, Apr.13, 1875, and .July 13, 1850; an agreement made Feb. 11, 1887, approved by Congress, May 1, 1888. An agreement made Sept. 26, 1895, approved by act of June 10, 1896; and an act of Feb. 27.1906, confirmed and additional grant of 356.11 acres, and 120 acres of unsurveyed land.

In 1908, the total size of the reservation included 959,644 Acres[4]. In 2010, the reservation includes 1,462,640 acres.

In the early 20th century, the Little Shell Chippewa's (the Nez Perce) of Montana, were continuing to govern the original Blackfeet Reservation which was created on September 17, 1851, when the Fort Laramie Treaty was signed. On October 17, 1855, the September 17, 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty which defined the territory of the Little Shell Blackfeet Chippewa's, was approved. This historic treaty which was signed on October 17, 1855, was signed near the mouth of the Judith River in then Nebraska Territory. To the north, is the present day Rocky Boy Reservation and to the east, south, and west was the old River Crow (the Little Shell Chippewa's) Judith basin indian reservation, which was set aside on August 16, 1873.

The correct name of the original Blackfeet Reservation, is either Judith basin indian reservation or Judith River Indian Reservation. The October 17, 1855 Blackfeet Treaty, was signed near the mouth of the Judith River which is within the Judith Basin Indian Reservation. The Blackfeet Reservation is also home to the Flathead Indians including the Kalispel, Pend d'Oreille, and Spokane. All 4 spoke the same language which is a mixture of Algonquin Chippewa and non Chippewa. 

The Nez Perce

They are in fact Chippewa. They are the Amikwa Chippewa's who lived near Lake Nipissing in Ontario. They migrated west as a result of the Seven Fires Prophecy and white encroachment. This migration commenced before 1661. One group went west, while the other (the Chipewyan) went up to the southern shores of Hudson Bay. They then forced their way up to what is now Nunavut and the Northwest Territories. Some migrated to the south into northern British Columbia and northern Alberta. They are the Beaver Tribe including the Sekani. They (the Amikwa) are also known as the Nez Perce. In Anishinabe, Amikwa means Beavers. Read the October 17, 1855 Blackfeet Treaty Text. Besides the Blackfeet and Flatheads, the Nez Perce also signed the October 17, 1855 Treaty. The Dakotas including the Brule, Hunkpapa, Santee, Sisseton, and Yanktonai, had no part in the October 17, 1855 Treaty. The Assiniboine or Nakota did. They were the bitter enemies of the Dakotas. They separated from the Yanktonai which enraged them.

Exact Boundaries

Maps before 1896, show the 4th Blackfeet Reservation (the new Reservation fragmented from the April 15, 1874 Treaty which reduced the size of the Blackfeet Reservation set aside on July 5, 1873) eastern boundary well west of Cut Bank, Montana. In 1896, the United States reached a treaty agreement with Blackfeet leaders including chief Little Dog, in which they supposedly ceded the western part of the Blackfeet Reservation (what is now Glacier National Park). Chief Little Dog made it clear to the American representatives, he would only cede the eastern part of the Reservation, north of Cut Bank, Montana. So there are two versions.

An agreement was reached between Blackfeet leaders and the United States, in which the western part of the Blackfeet Reservation was "Leased" to the United States for 99 years in 1896. That "Lease" ended in 1995. When are the leaders of Blackfeet Reservation going to ask for the return of the "Leased" land?

Chief Little Dog ceded the surplus land which is located 25 miles north of Cut Bank, Montana to the Canada border. It extends west to where the Milk River enters the United States from Canada and extends to the forks of the Milk River some 23 miles to the southwest. It then extends 13.6 miles to the southeast where the forks of Cut Bank Creek are. The southern part of the ceded surplus land is Cut Bank Creek. The ceded surplus land covers about 400 to 500 sq. mi. or nearly 300,000 acres. Though the surplus land was ceded in 1896 or even years earlier, it was not put up for sale until 1911.

Maps after 1895, show the eastern boundary of the Blackfeet Reservation commencing adjacent to and north of Cut Bank, to the Canadian border. Very unlike the maps before 1896. And maps of the original Blackfeet Reservation shows it extending to the main divide (Continental Divide) of the Rocky Mountains. Since the Rocky Mountain Trench is the true Continental Divide of the Rocky Mountains, it means the western boundary of the Blackfeet Reservation really extends to the mountains 8 miles northeast of Eureka, Montana. It's some 72 miles west of Babb, Montana. It also means the Flathead Reservation is really a part of the original Blackfeet Reservation. The Rocky Mountain Trench (Continental Divide) extends south into the Flathead Reservation, then south of Flathead Lake where Mission Valley or South Flathead Valley, is located.

In the July 5, 1873 treaty text, they wrote that "thence in a westerly direction, following the s (south) bank of the Medicine or Sun River, as far as practicable west,  to the summit of the Main Chain of the Rocky Mountains."  The highest peak is McDonald Peak which is within Flathead Reservation. And the main chain of the Rocky Mountains is on the eastern border of the Rocky Mountain Trench.

Cobell Conspiracy

Elouise Cobell has paid a dear price for being fooled. She was from the Blackfeet Reservation and possibly knew about the 99 year "Lease" of the western part of Blackfeet Reservation. In June of 1996, or 100 years after the "Lease" was granted by Blackfeet leaders, Cobell filed the Cobell V. Salazar lawsuit. It is no coincidence it coincides with the 1896 "Lease" granted to the United States by Blackfeet leaders. As you know, the attention of the Cobell V. Salazar lawsuit has nothing to do with the 99 year "Lease" of the western part of the Blackfeet Reservation.

Since the only way this "Lease" can be resolved is by returning the western part of the Blackfeet Reservation, to the Blackfeet Reservation, negotiations must commence for the return of the "Leased" land. It extends from the western border of the surplus land ceded, all the way to the Canada border 8 miles north of Eureka, Montana. The Kootenai Tobacco Plains Reserve borders the northwestern part of the Blackfeet Reservation 8 miles north of Eureka, Montana. The distance between the western border of the surplus land ceded, to the Kootenai Tobacco Plains Reserve, is 101 miles.

And where Cut Bank Creek merges with the Marias River, is the southeastern part of the Blackfeet Reservation. It follows a line southwest all the way to Evaro, Montana which is within the Flathead Reservation. It is the southwestern part of the "Lease" of the western part of the Blackfeet Reservation. It does not include the surplus land which was ceded by the Flathead Reservation. The Flathead Reservation surplus land covers nearly all of the southern Flathead Valley (Mission Valley), north of Mission Creek.

This entire area may be the Reservation the United States set aside for ogima Rocky Boy between 1902 and 1904. The agreement in November of 1909, probably made it official. However, President Taft's Proclamation of May 22, 1909, may have illegally eradicated this Reservation. We know ogima Rocky Boy, Blackfeet Reservation, and Flathead Reservation are linked. This Reservation covers a vast area of land. Probably between 6,000 and 8,000 sq. mi. You have to commence negotiations for the return of the western part of the Blackfeet Reservation described at this page. There will be no money settlement. The land must be returned as promised in the 99 year "Lease" agreement.

Fragmented Reservation and the Perseverance

One broken promise after another is how you describe the way the United States treated treaty agreements with Indian Nations. Chippewa leaders continued to honor the original treaties and the United States did not. New Reservations were set aside for Chippewa leaders who did not have the authority to act on behalf of the Anishinabe Nation.

We know the Little Shell Chippewa's were continuing to govern the original Blackfeet Reservation in the early 20th century. In 1921, a meeting was held at Joseph Paul's family's ranch near Lewistown, Montana. This meeting was probably about filing a land claim lawsuit about the original Blackfeet Reservation. As mentioned, the Little Shell Chippewa's were continuing to govern the original Blackfeet Reservation.

They had at least 9 small districts across the original Blackfeet Reservation. They were: Wolf Point (major district 565); Hays (major district 565); Harlem (major district 565); Box Elder (major district (565); Dupuyer (major district 574); Augusta (major district 399); Great Falls (major districts 399 and 574); Lewistown (major district 399); and Helena (major district 398).

It would stay unchanged up to at least 1939. A meeting was held at Joseph Paul's home in Great Falls, Montana on June 10, 1939. Exactly what transpired is not known but soon after friction became a problem. Even in 1939, the Little Shell Chippewa's had 9 representatives for the 9 small districts mentioned above. Raymond Gray formed the Montana Landless Indians Organization in 1939. That further went to disrupt the government of the Little Shell Chippewa's Blackfeet Reservation.

After World War II, the leaders of the Little Shell Chippewa's Blackfeet Reservation government, became despondent and they commenced to go their own ways. Joseph Dussome was in favor of filing a land claims lawsuit about the original Blackfeet Reservation. In 1950, Dussome gave up and hired a lawyer. A year later (1951), Dussome filed the land claims lawsuit. He was joined by Elizabeth Swan, leaders from Rocky Boy Reservation, and other Little Shell Chippewa leaders.

However, they confined their land claim to the northern part of the original Blackfeet Reservation with the number 565. For some reason, they excluded the areas of the original Blackfeet Reservation with the numbers 398, 399, and 574. That may have been because the other district represntatives did not agree to file the land claim lawsuit. Click memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/S this link, to visit the Library of Congress website, to read the September 17, 1851 Fort Laramie Treaty which defined the territory of the Little Shell Blackfeet Chippewa's. On the bottom of the page are several links. Click on Montana 1. The original Blackfeet Reservation has the numbers 398, 399, 574, and 565. Or they focused on the April 15, 1874 treaty which set aside the 3rd Blackfeet Reservation. It has the number 565.

To better understand the land area of the land claims lawsuit filed by Dussome, Swan, and the other Little Shell Chippewa leaders, click memory.loc.gov/cgi-bin/query/D this link, to read the August 16, 1873 Treaty which established the Little Shell Blackfeet Chippewa's Judith Basin Reservation. On the bottom of the page is a link. Click on Montana 2. The land claim filed by Dussome, Swan, and the other Little Shell Chippewa leaders, covers the area on the land cession map with the pink color and the number 692.

You'll notice the much smaller Blackfeet Reservation on the northwest border, and the Fort Belknap and Fort Peck Reservations. You will also notice the Judith Basin Indian Reservation with the green color and number 557. All Reservations were originally a part of the Little Shell Blackfeet Chippewa's original Blackfeet Reservation. The land area with the number 692, is within area number 565, while the Judith Basin Indian Reservation is within area number 399.

Those Reservations, which include the Blackfeet Reservation, Fort Belknap Reservation, Fort Peck Reservation (all have a yellow color), and the Judith Basin Indian Reservation, were illegally established. Chiefs Little Shell III and Red Thunder, refused to cede the vast Chippewa Reservation in 1892, the United States set aside for the Little Shell Chippewa's decades earlier. Joseph Paul and other Little Shell Chippewa leaders, were following chiefs Little Shell III and Red Thunders, demands that the vast Chippewa Reservation be kept in governance. Dussome, Swan, and other Little Shell Chippewa leaders, gave up.

On April 5, 1974, the United States again refused to honor treaty agreements. They rejected the land claim lawsuit filed by Joseph Dussome, Elizabeth Swan, leaders from Rocky Boy Reservation, and other Little Shell Chippewa leaders. Click http://www.anishinabe-history.com/little-shell-land-claim.pdf here, to read the judgement of the land claim lawsuit.

Chief Rocky Boy

Chief Rocky Boy was born and raised in southwest Montana. He claimed somewhere between Anaconda and Butte. He became a principle leader of the Little Shell Blackfeet Chippewa's of southwest and western Montana, and southeast Idaho, in the 1880s or 1890s. In southwestern Montana, the Little Shell Blackfeet Chippewa's are known as the Inuk'sik. Chief Rocky Boy was their leader. Even during the years between 1885 and 1910, southwest Montana had a large Chippewa population. They followed treaty and moved from place to place. However, the United States did not follow treaty. Of course, I'm referring to the treaty which set aside the original Blackfeet Reservation on September 17, 1851 and approved on October 17, 1855. Or possibly the September 1, 1868 Treaty Reservation. Read about that Reservation below.

In March of 1902, chief Rocky Boy contacted an attorney and sent a letter to the President requesting for Reservation. American leaders knew what that represented. Rocky Boy was elected grand chief of the Montana Chippewas in 1902 also. The year before (1901), chief Little Shell III passed away. However, chief Papawee opposed chief Rocky Boy and refused to dishonor treaty.

Chief Rocky Boy was instructed by the Americans to send Chippewa land surveyors to find suitable land for a Reservation. Rocky Boy told the Americans he favored a Reservation in the Anaconda and Butte region, and that both the Blackfeet and Flathead Reservations were attractive.

One Chippewa land surveyor told chief Rocky Boy he favored the land between Tobacco Plains (Eureka, Montana) and Babb, Montana. Another liked northern Idaho. A bill was sent to the congress of the United States by Senator Gibson and was passed on January 8, 1904, which proposed a new Chippewa Reservation within the Flathead Reservation. Exactly where this Chippewa Reservation is located is unknown. By 1908, the United States changed their attitude.

On May 22, 1909, Presdent Tafts Proclamation ruined Rocky Boy's promised Reservation. Chief Rocky Boy is far more important to the Blackfeet and Flathead Reservations than they realize. Rocky Boy probably accepted the infamous 10 cent an acre Treaty of the McCumber Agreement. More about this information is below under the Unratified September 1, 1868 Treaty.

Unratified September 1, 1868 Treaty

On September 1, 1868, a treaty was signed between the Blackfoot and the United States which created a new Blackfeet Reservation. If you read the treaty's text, it will confuse you. Click this following link digital.library.okstate.edu/kappler/vol4/html_files/v4p1138.html to read the unratified September 1, 1868 Blackfeet Treaty.

It defines the Reservations boundaries as follows: Commencing at a point where the parallel of Forty-Eight degress North latitude intersects the dividing ridge of the main chain of the Rocky Mountains; thence in an easterly direction to the nearest source of the Teton River-thence down said river to its junction with the Marias River-thence down the Marias to its junction with the Missouri River-thence down the Missouri River to the mouth of Milk River-thence Due South to the Forty-Ninth parallel of North latitude-thence west on said parallel to the main range of the Rocky Mountains-thence Southerly along said range to the place of beginning.

It has mistakes. First is they should have commenced with the Forty-Ninth parallel degrees of North latitude (the Canada-US border) instead of at Forty-Eight degrees North latitude; Then the main one is Due South to the Forty-Ninth parallel of North latitude. It should have been written Due North to the Forty-Ninth parallel of North latitude (the Canada-US border). I have found only one copy online of the unratified September 1, 1868 Blackfeet Treaty, so I'm not certain if the copy i found is correct.

If it is correct, it means it should have been written Due South to the Forty-Sixth parallel of North latitude. That will place the southeastern boundary at the Yellowstone River and the southwestern boundary at the southern end of Bitterrroot Valley.

It also means the Reservation commences at a location on the eastern shores of Flathead Lake. From the southwestern boundary in the Bitterroot Valley, it goes back to the place of beginning which has to be the eastern shores of Flathead Lake. The Reservation does not extend north of the Teton River. It also does not extend north of the Marias River. And it does not extend north of the Missouri River.

When a treaty involving land is signed, it usually has boundaries which correspond. This one does not correspond. It is crooked. It commences at Forty-Eight degrees of North latitude and extends over 357 miles east to the mouth of the Milk River which is also at Forty-Eight degrees of North latitude. That corresponds. For it to correspond, it has to extend south to the Yellowstone River which is at the Forty-Sixth degrees of North latitude, then extend west over 376 miles to the southern end of Bitterroot Valley which is also at the Forty-Sixth degrees of North latitude. Then it goes back to the place of beginning.

This treaty (the unratified September 1, 1868 Blackfeet Treaty) needs to be carefully studied by the Algonquin's. Algonquin leaders obviously ratified the September 1, 1868 Blackfeet Treaty. The United States refused to ratify this treaty.

This treaty (the unratified September 1, 1868 Blackfeet Treaty) may be the treaty chief Little Shell III refused to cede the Reservation it created. If it is, it is related to the infamous 10 cent an acre Treaty or the McCumber Agreement. It is also related to chief Rocky Boy's struggles.

There are very strong indicators that the September 1, 1868 Blackfeet Treaty was in fact ratified by the United States. The Teton River is the northwestern border. The Marias and Missouri Rivers, have far more abundant farm land to their north. There is an incredible amount of farm land north of the Teton River, compared to south of the Teton River. In fact, the land north of the Missouri River in Montana, has far more abundant farm land than land south of the Missouri River. In fact, the land above (north) of the Marias, Missouri, and Teton Rivers west of the Bear Paw Mountains, may have the most abundant farm land in Montana.

It is ludicrous to even speculate the United States would actually set aside all land north of the Marias, Missouri, and Teton Rivers to be a Reservation. The United States supposedly did that on July 5, 1873. Farm land was what the United States wanted. After the 1862-1868 War (Red Clouds War and Snake River War), a compromise was probably offered by the United States which was accepted by Algonquin leaders. Land south of the Marias, Missouri, and Teton Rivers and west of the confluence of Cut Bank Creek and Marias River, became the new Blackfeet Reservation. It extends west to the eastern shores of Flathead Lake.

Communities

Babb: 2010 population is 174. Indians make up 84.5% of the population of Babb. Babb covers 9.55 sq. mi. It is located just north of Lower Saint Mary Lake, in a narrow mountain valley.

Browning: 2010 population is 5,209. Browning is made up of three communities. Browning (2010 population is 1,016) , which is located between South Browning and North Browning. South Browning (2010 population is 1,785), which is adjacent to Browning on the south. North Browning (2010 population is 2,408), which is adjacent to Browning on the north. All three communities are classified as a distinct community but all three are connected. All are cdp's (census designated places). The three communities which make up Browning, cover 6.47 sq. mi.

East Glacier Park Village: 2010 population is 363. Indians make up 55% of the population of East Glacier Park Village. When including mixed bloods it's 60%. The small community is a gateway to Glacier National Park. It covers 4.36 sq. mi.

Heart Butte: 2010 population is 582. Indians make up 97.5% of the population of Heart Butte. Heart Butte covers 4.57 sq. mi. It's located in the southwestern part of the Reservation.

Hill 57: 2010 population is unknown. It is located adjacent to Great Falls, Montana but not within the city limits of Great Falls. Though Hill 57 is not within the 4th Blackfeet Reservation, it is within the original Blackfeet Reservation which was created on September 17, 1851 and approved on October 17, 1855. And it continues to be an Indian settlement. Last census of Hill 57 is from 1956. Hill 57 had a population of over 400 in 1956. Today, the Hill 57 Little Shell Chippewa population is dramatically lower. Probably fewer than 20 people live there. The Little Shell Blackfeet Chippewa's had 2 minor districts here. The minor districts (within the major districts of 399 and 574) representative was Joseph Paul.

Kiowa: 2010 population is ? Kiowa is located in the western part of the Reservation. It is not far from Glacier National Park.

Little Browning: 2010 population is 206. Indians make up 94.7% of the population of Little Browning. It covers 1.01 sq. mi. Cut Bank, Montana is located about 1 mile to the east of Little Browning.

St. Mary: 2010 population is ? St. Mary is located about 6 miles south of Babb, in the same narrow mountain valley as Babb. It's a gateway to Glacier National Park. Part of St. Mary is off the Reservation.

Starr School: 2010 population is 252. Indians make up 97.2% of the population of Starr School. It covers 4.23 sq. mi.

Population Growth History

In 1901, the population of Blackfeet Reservation was 2,022. Between 1900 and 1910, the United States government went so far as to build a fence around the Blackfeet Reservation to keep the prophecy weary Chippewa's from leaving the Reservation. In late 1909, the United States forced over 200 Chippewa's (that includes the Cree who are the northern Chippewa's) to relocate to the Blackfeet Reservation.

In 1930, or about 4 years before the Indian Reorganization Act was voted on and accepted at the Blackfeet Reservation, the Indian population of the Blackfeet Reservation was 3,962. Between 1901 and 1930, the Indian population increased by 100% at the Blackfeet Reservation. The population increase can be attributed to the relocation of 100s of Chippewa's to the Blackfeet Reservation commencing in 1909.

Between 1930 and 2010, the Indian population of the Blackfeet Reservation, experienced a much slower population increase. That is probably because of the Indian Reorganization Act. One of the Indian Reorganization Act's goals was to relocate Indians from Reservations, to white communitites.


Records

Many of the records of individual Indians living on the Blackfeet Reservation were kept by the Blackfeet Agency of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Others are kept by the Tribal Office.

Land Records: Allotted Land 775,412.52 acres

References

  1. "Montana Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge Available online.
  2. Census 2000 Tribal Entity Counts for American Indian Reservations and Off-Reservation Trust Lands. U.S. Census Bureau, Geography Division. Available online. {Note: This census figure only accounts for tribal members living on the reservation or trust lands. Other enrolled tribal members may live off-reservation.)
  3. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2
  4. "Montana Indian Reservations," Handbook of Indians North of Mexico, by Frederick Webb Hodge Available online.

Bibliography

  • Confederation of American Indians. Indian Reservations: A State and Federal Handbook. Jefferson, North Caroline: McFarland & Co., c1986. WorldCat 14098308; FHL book 970.1 In2.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30, 1906. This publication lists the 22 states which had reservations in 1908. Available online.
  • Kappler, Charles J. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1902. 7 volumes. WorldCat 74490963; FHL book 970.1 K142iAvailable online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Prucha, Francis Paul. Atlas of American Indian Affairs. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1991 WorldCat 257331735; FHL book 970.1 P95aa
  • Prucha, Francis Paul, ed. Documents of United States Indian Policy. 3rd Edition. Lincoln, Nebraska: Univeresity of Nebraska Press, 2000. WorldCat 50416280; FHL book 970.1 P95d.
  • Prucha, Francis Paul. Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, c1964. WorldCat 522839; FHL book 973 M2pf.
  • Schmeckebier, Laurance F. The Office of Indian Affairs: Its History, Activities, and Organization. Service Monographs of the United States Government; no. 48. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1927. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1972.  WorldCat 257893; FHL book 973 B4b v. 48.
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published

 

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