United States Border Crossings from Canada to United States (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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FamilySearch Record Search This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.

Contents

Record Description

This database contains an index of aliens and citizens crossing into the United States from Canada through various ports of entry along the U.S.-Canadian border between 1895 and 1956.

These records are generally reliable depending on the information provided by the individual. Transcription and other errors can be found on occasion. Because a variety of forms were used to gather an individual’s information, not all of the records contain the same types of information.

Record Content

A variety of Immigration and Naturalization Service (INS) forms were used to record information about individuals entering the United States. Types of forms used included: Primary Inspection Memorandum; Manifest; Record of Registry; and Land Border Departure Record. Due to the variety of forms, the amount of information available for an individual in this database will vary according to the form used and the questions asked on it.

The database generally includes the following:

  • Name
  • Age
  • Date of birth
  • Birth country
  • Gender
  • Race or ethnicity
  • Ship name
  • Departure contact
  • Arrival contact

Coverage Table

In many cases, the index cards are the only record of the crossing.

Title of Collection
NARA
Microfilm
(# Rolls)
FHL
(Starting
roll #)
Index or
Record
Special Conditions
Soundex Index to Canadian Border Entries through the St. Albans, Vermont, District, 1895-1924
M1461
(400 rolls:
missing Roll 218)
1472801
Index
Soundex name index to entries at ports along the border and Great Lakes. Includes—

• ALL manifest lists from 1895-1917.
• After June 1917, includes only arrivals east of North Dakota-Montana state line. Anyone entering west of this state line after 1917 was filed in Seattle.
• 1915 to 1924 indexes cover ports east of Buffalo, New York only.

In most cases, an original manifest exists. Some index cards are the only record of crossing, with no original manifest.
Alphabetical Index to Canadian Border Entries through Small Ports in Vermont, 1895-1924
M1462
(6 rolls)
1430987
Index
Arranged alphabetically by ports of entry, all in Vermont.

Especially useful for identifying Canadians who settled in the New England area.
Soundex Index to Entries into the St. Albans, Vermont, District through Canadian Pacific and Atlantic Ports, 1924-1952
M1463
(98 rolls)
1570714
Index
Includes border crossings in New York and Vermont area.
Manifests of Passengers Arriving in the St. Albans, Vermont, District through Canadian Pacific and Atlantic Ports, 1895-1954
M1464
(640 rolls)
1561087
Original
manifests
Manifests indexed by the above Soundex indexes.

These forms were completed when the immigrant entered the U.S. through a border port station. Most European immigrants will be found in these lists.
Manifests of Passengers Arriving in the St. Albans, Vermont, District through Canadian Pacific Ports, 1929-1949
M1465
(25 rolls)
1549387
Original
manifests
Supplement to the above manifests.

These manifests list travelers to the United States from Canadian Pacific seaports only.
Card Manifests (Alphabetical) of Individuals Entering through the Port of Detroit, Michigan, 1906-1954
M1478
and
M1479
(140 rolls)
1490449
Original
card
manifests
Original card manifests, arranged alphabetically, for Michigan ports of entry only: Bay City, Detroit, Port Huron, Sault Sainte Marie. (117 rolls)

An additional 23 rolls Include passenger and alien crew lists of vessels arriving in Detroit, 1946 to 1957.
Manifests for Pacific and Atlantic ports provide two types of lists: the traditional passenger lists on U.S. immigration forms and monthly lists of names of aliens crossing the border on trains. These monthly lists are arranged by month, then alphabetically by name of port, and then by railway.

How to Use the Record

When searching:
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor's given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence, age, estimated immigration year, and/or family relationships.

Search the Collection

This is an indexed database. To search the database, go to the collection search page. In the search box, type the name of the individual for whom you are looking, and click Search. The system displays a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information about more than one person to find your ancestor.

You can also access more search options and adjust the parameters of your search.

For tips about searching on-line collections, see the wiki article FamilySearch Search Tips and Tricks.

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Don't overlook FHL Place United States items or FHL Keyword United States items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see United States Archives and Libraries.

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Contributions to This Article

We welcome user additions to FamilySearch Historical Records wiki articles. Guidelines are available to help you make changes. Thank you for any contributions you may provide. If you would like to get more involved join the WikiProject FamilySearch Records.

Citations for this Collection

When you copy information from a record, you should list where you found the information; that is, cite your sources. This will help people find the record again and evaluate the reliability of the source. It is also good to keep track of records where you did not find information, including the names of the people you looked for in the records. Citations are available for the collection as a whole and each record or image individually.

Collection citation:

"United States, Border Crossings From Canada to United States, 1895-1956." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing "Border Crossings: From Canada to U.S., 1895-1954." Ancestry.com. www.ancestry.com : 2010.

Record citation (or citation for the index entry):

The citation for a record is available with each record in this collection, at the bottom of the record screen. You can search records in this collection by visiting the search page for United States Border Crossings from Canada to United States, 1895-1956.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 28 October 2014, at 19:37.
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