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Guide to Buchanan County Virginia genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.

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Online Records
Buchanan County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Buchanan County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Buchanan County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1858
County Seat Grundy
Courthouse

Contents

Buchanan County Virginia Courthouse

Buchanan County Courthouse
P.O. Box 929
Grundy, Virginia 24614
Phone:  540-935-6575

Courthouse burned in 1885
Clerk Circuit Cout has marriage, divorce,
probate, court and land records from 1885[1]

Beginning Dates for Buchanan County, Virginia Government Records
Birth Marriage Death Census Land Probate
1858 1858 1858 1860 1885 1874

Buchanan County Virginia History

President James Buchanan (1791-1868)

The county was named after President James Buchanan (1791-1868), who was in office at the time of the county's formation.

Parent County

1858--Buchanan County was created 13 February 1858 from Russell and Tazewell Counties.
County seat: Grundy [1]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Virginia county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Virginia County Boundary Maps" (1617-1995) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

Fire.png
Floods.jpg
The courthouse burned in 1885 destroying many records. In 1977 a flood caused extreme damage to many later records.[1] [2] [3]

  • Lost census: 1890

For suggestions about research in places that suffered historic record losses, see:

Buchanan County Virginia Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Buchanan County Virginia Genealogy Resources

Vabuchanan.jpg

Research Guides

  • "A Guide to the Counties of Virginia: Buchanan County," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 6, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1962):81-82. Digital version at American Ancestors ($).

African Americans

Bible Records

Images of the Virginia Historical Society's family Bible collection have been digitized:

Additional Bible records include:

Cemeteries

For a more detailed description, including addresses, phone numbers, and external links, see Buchanan County, Virginia Cemeteries.

The following is a list of cemeteries in Buchanan County: [4]

  • Adams Cemetery
  • Altizer Cemetery
  • Austin Cemetery
  • Bailey Cemetery
  • Baldwin Cemetery
  • Ball Cemetery
  • Barton Cemetery
  • Belcher Cemetery
  • Blankenship Cemetery
  • Boyd Cemetery
  • Breeding Cemetery
  • Brown Cemetery
  • Burke Cemetery
  • Cantrell Cemetery
  • Clark Cemetery
  • Cole Cemetery
  • Coleman Cemetery
  • Combs Cemetery
  • Compton Cemetery
  • Cook Cemetery
  • Cooper Cemetery
  • Davis Cemetery
  • Day Cemetery
  • Deel Cemetery
  • Dotson Cemetery
  • Fletcher Cemetery
  • Hale Cemetery
  • Harris Cemetery
  • Helton Cemetery
  • Horne Cemetery
  • Hurley Cemetery
  • Jackson Cemetery
  • Johnson Cemetery
  • Justice Cemetery
  • Kaiser Cemetery
  • Keen Cemetery
  • Knob Cemetery
  • Lester Cemetery
  • Little Josie Cemetery
  • Looney Cemetery
  • Looney Creek Cemetery
  • Lowe Cemetery
  • Martin Cemetery
  • May Cemetery
  • McClanahan Cemetery
  • McGlothin Cemetery
  • McGlothlin Cemetery
  • Mitchell Cemetery
  • Mounts Cemetery
  • Mullins Cemetery
  • Nuckles Cemetery
  • Owens Cemetery
  • Presley Cemetery
  • Quinn Cemetery
  • Ramey Cemetery
  • Ratliff Cemetery
  • Rife Cemetery
  • Rose Cemetery
  • Runyan Cemetery
  • Shortridge Cemetery
  • Smith Cemetery
  • Sparks Cemetery
  • Stacy Cemetery
  • Stevens Cemetery
  • Stevenson Cemetery
  • Stewart Cemetery
  • Stiltner Cemetery
  • Stinson Cemetery
  • Street Cemetery
  • Tiller Cemetery
  • Ward Cemetery
  • White Cemetery
  • Whitt Cemetery
  • Wimmer Cemetery

Census

For tips on accessing Buchanan County, Virginia census records online, see: Virginia Census.

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1860 2,793
1870 3,777 35.2%
1880 5,694 50.8%
1890 5,867 3.0%
1900 9,692 65.2%
1910 12,334 27.3%
1920 15,441 25.2%
1930 16,740 8.4%
1940 31,477 88.0%
1950 35,748 13.6%
1960 36,724 2.7%
1970 32,071 −12.7%
1980 37,989 18.5%
1990 31,333 −17.5%
2000 26,978 −13.9%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1860 Agricultural Census
  • Weaver, Jeffrey C. The 1860 Agriculture Ceneus [sic] of Buchanan County, Virginia. Clintwood, Virginia: Mullins Printing, 1992. Available at FHL.

1890 Union Veterans

Church Records

Court Records

Genealogy

Gotoarrow.png See Buchanan County, Virginia Genealogy

Land and Property

Local Histories

  • Schwab, W.G. The Forests of Buchanan County, Virginia. Charlottesville, Va., 1918. Digital version at Google Books (full-view).

Maps

Military

War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Buchanan County, p. 65.]
Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Buchanan County, Virginia served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Buchanan County, Virginia:

- 2nd Regiment, Virginia Infantry (State Line) (Confederate)
- 2nd Regiment, Virginia State Line (Cavalry) (Confederate). Company D, likely Company I.
- 4th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (State Line) (Confederate)
- 7th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)
- 10th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate)
- 14th Regiment, Kentucky Cavalry (Confederate). Companies C, F, G, H, and I
- 21st Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Confederate)
- 22nd Regiment, Virginia Cavalry (Bowen's Virginia Mounted Riflemen) (Confederate). Company B.
- 29th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate). Company F.[5]
- 34th Battalion, Virginia Cavalry (Witcher's Battalion, Virginia Mounted Rifles) (Confederate). Company C and Company E.[6]
- 50th Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 51st Regiment, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)
- 64th Regiment, Virginia Mounted Infantry (Confederate). Company F2.[7]
- French's Battalion, Virginia Infantry (Confederate)

Records and histories are available, including:

Naturalization

Newspapers

The Virginia Newspapers Project identifies local Buchanan County, Virginia newspapers.

Probate Records

Taxation

Vital Records

Indexes to Buchanan County, Virginia births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records

Death

Buchanan County, Virginia deaths are included in the Library of Virginia's Death Index of Virginia, 1853-1896, sponsored by The Virginia Genealogical Society, available online - free.

  • Stewart, Jesse. Early Deaths, Buchanan County, Virginia, 1858-1896. [Grundy, Virginia: J. Stewart, 1990]. Available at FHL.
Vital Record Substitutes

Buchanan County Virginia Genealogy Societies and Libraries

Family History Centers

Buchanan County Virginia Genealogy Websites

Buchanan County Virginia Genealogy References

  1. 1.0 1.1 1.2 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Buchanan County, Virginia. Page 711 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Burned Record Counties (VA-NOTES). (n.d.). Library of Virginia. Retrieved 4 May 2012, from http://www.lva.virginia.gov/public/guides/va22_burnedco.htm.
  3. Lost Records Localities: Counties and Cities with Missing Records, 2, in Library of Virginia (accessed 4 April 2014).
  4. USGS Map, Topozone.com
  5. John Perry Alderman, 29th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1989). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 53.
  6. Scott C. Cole, 34th Virginia Cavalry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1993). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 94.
  7. Jeffrey C. Weaver, 64th Virginia Infantry (Lynchburg, Va.: H.E. Howard, 1992). FHL Book 975.5 M2vr v. 89.


 

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  • This page was last modified on 19 July 2014, at 00:19.
  • This page has been accessed 47,454 times.