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Various Spellings: Caddo, Cadoe
The Caddo Tribe is primarily associated with the state of Oklahoma.
P. O. Box 487
Binger, OK 73009
- Caddo Nation official Web Site
1541: First encountered by De Soto
1714: French trading post at Caddoan village at Natchitodes
1770: Caddo-Spanish Treaty
1803: Louisiana Purchase,
1836: Texas became a republic,
1844: Choctaw expelled the Caddo as "Indian Intruders"
- 1846 May 15, at Council Springs Treaty
1854: Many moved to Brazos Reserve, Texas
1859: Removeal by Superintendent Robert S. Neighbors, on a reservation near the Washita River in Indian Territory - now Caddo County, Oklahoma
1861: Signed a treaty with the Confederate States, those loyal to the Union fled to Kansas until 1867
1865: Caddo were scouts for the U.S. Army
1867: Moved to Oklahoma
1872: Caddo-Wichita Reservation established
Red River Agency 1824-30
Caddo Agency 1824-42
Texas Agency 1847-59
Wichita Agency 1859-78
Kiowa Agency 1878-80
Additional References to the History of the Tribe and/or Bands
Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Caddo Nation, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in David Bushnell's Villages of the Algonquian, Siouan and Caddoan Tribes West of the Mississippi.
Correspondence and Census
|Tribe||Agency||Location of Orginal Records||
Pre-1880 Correspondence M234 Roll Number
|FHL Film Number||Post-1885 Censu M234 Roll Number||FHL Film Number|
|Caddo||Anadarko Area Office, 1881-1962||Fort Worth||-||-||Rolls 211-23||-|
|Caddo||Red River Agency, 1824-30||Washington D.C.||Roll 727||-||-||-|
|Caddo||Caddo Agency, 1824-42||Washington D.C.||Roll 31||-||-||-|
|Caddo||Wichita Agency, 1859-78||Washington D.C.||Rolls 928-30||-||Rolls 211-23||-|
|Caddo||Kiowa Agency, 1864-1962||Washington D.C. and Fort Worth||Rolls 375-86||-||
|- FHL Films: 576900-576912|
The link on the year (Year of the Treaty) connects to an online copy of the treaty.
- May, 13, 1833, referred to in Quapaw Treaty,
- 1835 July 1, at Caddo Agency
- 1846 May 15, at Council Springs
Important Web Sites
- Constitution and By-Laws of the Caddo Indian Tribe of Oklahoma, approved in 1976.
- Caddo Nation official Web Site
- Caddo Nation Wikipedia
Parsons, Elsie Worthington Clews. Notes on the Caddo. Kraus Reprint Co., 1969. FHL Book 970.3C114p
Swanton, John Reed. Source Material on the History and Ethnology of the Caddo Indians, Washington, GPO. 1942. FHL Fiche 6039060 (five fiche)
- ↑ Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online
- Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
- Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
- Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
- Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
- Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
- Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
- Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
- Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
- Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
- Volume 1 -- Not yet published
- Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
- Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
- Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
- Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
- Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
- Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
- Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
- Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
- Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
- Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
- Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
- Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
- Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
- Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
- Volume 16 -- Not yet published
- Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
- Volume 18 -- Not yet published
- Volume 19 -- Not yet published
- Volume 20 -- Not yet published
- Swanton John R. The Indian Tribes of North America. Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #145 Available online.
- Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006.
- This page was last modified on 6 May 2012, at 12:06.
- This page has been accessed 2,593 times.
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