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Ancestral Homeland: Cayuga Lake, New York

One of the Five/Six Nations of Iroquois (Seneca, Tuscarora, Cayuga, Onondaga, Oneida, and Mohawk)

The Cayuga Nation is primarily associated with the state of New York[1].

Linguistic group: Iroquoian

Contents

Tribal Headquarters

Cayuga Indians
P. O. Box 11
Versailles, NY 14168-0011
Phone: 1.716.337.4270
Fax: 1.716.337.0268

History

Brief History

Lived near Lake Cayuga in New York.  Many moved to Canada during the Revolutionary War, others moved to Ohio, Wisconsin and Indian Territory

The Cayuga were a member of the confederation of the Five Nations of Iroquois (later six)

Brief Timeline

  • 1660: population estimated as 1,500
  • 1775-1783: American Revolution
  • 1778: population 1,100
  • 1784 October 22,  Treaty at Fort Stanwix with The Six Nations
  • 1789 January 9, Treaty at Fort Harmar, with The Six Nations
  • 1792 April 23, Treaty with the Five Nations of Indians
  • 1794 November 11, Treaty at Konondaigua
  • 1831-1832 Removal of the Cayugas, Senecas and Delaware from the Sandusky region (Ohio) to Indian Territory (Oklahoma).
  • 1838 January 15, Treaty at Buffalo Creek, treaty with New York - acknowledge
  • 1937 Under the Indian Reorganization Act the Cayuga joined with the Oklahoma Seneca to form the Seneca-Cayuga Tribe of Oklahoma.

Reservations

The tribe is primarily associated with the Cayuga Reservation in New York.

The tribe was under the following jurisdictions

New York Agency

Six Nations Agency

Michigan Superintendency

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Cayuga Nation, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods.

R. David Edmunds. The Sandusky Indian Removal "More Anxious Than Ever to Emigrate." TimeLine. Ohio Historical Society. July/September 2012 Vol.29 no. 3 pg. 21-35.   FHL 977.1 H25t V.29 No.3 (July/Sept 2012)

Records

Agency Records

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records Pre-1880 Correspondence M234 Roll Number FHL Film Number Post-1885 Census M595 Roll Number FHL Film Number
Cayuga New York Agency
1838-49
Washington D.C. Rolls 583-97 - Rolls 290-300 - FHL Films:579700-579709
Cayuga Miami Agency, 1870-1952 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth - - - -

Treaties

The year link (year of treaty) is a conncetion to an online copy of the treaty.

  • 1784 October 22, at Fort Stanwix with The Six Nations
  • 1789 January 9, at Fort Harmar, with The Six Nations
  • 1792April 23, with the Five Nations of Indians
  • 1794 November 11,at Konondaigua
  • 1838 January 15, at Buffalo Creek, treaty with New York - acknowledge

Important Web Sites

References

  1. Indian Entities Recognized and Eligible To Receive Services From the United States Bureau of Indian Affairs, Federal Register, Vol. 67, No. 134, 12 July 2002 Available online

Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published

 

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  • This page was last modified on 30 July 2012, at 13:17.
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