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The Eastern Cherokee Agency is located in Cherokee, North Carolina. The supervising office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs is the Eastern Area Office.

Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Cherokee

History

When the Cherokee Indians were removed from Tennessee and Georgia in the 1830s, many of them continued to live in the Smoky Mountain region. The Cherokee Agency in the east was discontinued in 1839 and no regular agent assigned to those who remained. Some special agents and commissioners were appointed to carry out specific duties relating to them, but no regular agency was established until 1882. It was located for a time at Quallatown, North Carolina and, since 1893, at Cherokee, North Carolina.[1][2]

Records

Some of the records of this agency are in the holdings of the Southeast Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Atlanta[3], including:

  • Census records, 1894-1905
  • Annuity records, 1905-1952
  • Individual student folders, 1920-1952
  • And other administrative records, 1890-1952

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Eastern Cherokee Agency, 1894-1899, are on roll 11 of that Microcopy set[4]. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617684).

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1898-1899, 1904, 1906, 1909-1912, and 1914-1939. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 22 thru 26[5]. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 573868-573872). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.

Records available through the Family History Library

School Records, 1907-1948. FHL film: 1249958 and 1249959


References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 34.
  2. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 152-153.
  3. Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
  4. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.
  5. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online

 

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  • This page was last modified on 16 September 2011, at 07:41.
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