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Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Cherokee, Delaware, Shawnee.

History

The Cherokee Agency in the west was established in 1813 and was located in Arkansas until 1830. At that time, the Cherokee Agency in Arkansas moved to Fort Gibson in Indian Territory. For a short time (1834-1837), it became a subagency and was made responsible for the Seneca and the Mixed Band of Seneca and Shawnee. It was again made a full agency in 1837.

This agency was also made responsible for the Cherokee from east of the Mississippi who were removed to the west, mostly in 1838. In 1851, the agency headquarters was moved from Fort Gibson to a location near Tahlequah. This agency was forced to leave Tahlequah during the Civil War, during which time the agency buildings there were destroyed. After the war, the agent remained at Fort Gibson until the agency was rebuilt and re-established at Tahlequah.

In 1874, the Creek Agency, the Choctaw Agency, and the Seminole Agency were consolidated with the Cherokee Agency, and, later that year, the new agency as named the Union Agency.[1][2]

Maps

Cherokee Nation Indian Territory Map of 1905 (My Genealogy Hound)

Records

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Cherokee Agency, 1836-1880, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 80-118. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 1660801-1660848).[3][4]

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The report for Cherokee Agency, 1876 only, is on roll 3 of that Microcopy set[5]. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617676).

Agency Records 1800-1835.FHL films: 1024418-1024431

Agents

William L. Lovely 1813, Reuben Lewis 1818, David Brearly 1820, Edward Du Val 1823, George Vashon 1830, Montford Stokes 1836, Pierce M. Butler 1841, James McKisick 1845, Richard C. S. Brown 1848, William Butler, 1849, George Butler 1850, Robert J. Cowart 1860, John Crawford 1861, Charles W. Chatterton 1862, Justin Harlan 1862, John J. Humphreys 1866, William B. Davis 1867, Capt. John N. Craig 1869, and John B. Jones 1870[6]

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 32-35.
  2. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, p. 153.
  3. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 234, p. 8.
  4. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 32-35.
  5. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.
  6. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches, By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing CO., New York, NY C 1974. FHL book 970.1 H551o
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online

 

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  • This page was last modified on 1 February 2014, at 22:48.
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