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Ancestral Homeland: Mexico to Wyoming

Various Spellings: Comanche, Camanche

Contents

Comanche Bands:

Kewatsana, Kotsai, Kotsoteka (Buffalo Eaters), Kwahadi, Motsai, Nokoni (Wanderers), Patgusa, Penateka (Honey Eaters), Pohoi, Quahadis (Antelopes), Tanima, Wasaih, and Yamparika (Yap Eaters)

Leaders: Quanna Parker

Tribal Headquarters

Comanche Nation of Oklahoma
584 N. W. Bingo Rd.
P. O. Box 908
Lawton, Oklahoma 73505
Toll Free Phone Number: 1.877.492.4988
Fax: 1.580.492.3796

History

Brief Timeline

  • 1600's: Left Wyoming, neighboring tribe, Shoshone and removed to south to Rocky Mountains.
  • 1790: allied with Kiowa
  • 1791: Living in present day Kansas
  • 1700-1800: raided and roamed Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and northern Mexico
  • 1816-1839: Smallpox epidenics
  • 1835: Texas Revolution
  • 1838: Council House Affair
  • 1840: United with southern Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1845: Annexation of Texas, Texas Rangers protect settlers from hostile Indians, particular the Camanche
  • 1849-50: Cholera epidemic
  • 1853: Fort Atkinson Treaty - protect the Santa Fe Trail
  • 1854: Comanche and Kiowa placed on reservation on the Brazos River.
  • 1859: Barzos River Reservations abandoned - moved to new reservation on the Washita River near present-day Fort Cobb, Oklahoma
  • 1864: fought against Kit Carson's men; Battle of Adobe Walls on the Staked Plain for the Texas Panhandle
  • 1866/7: Treaty of Medicine Lodge 4,000 Indians in attendance; Comanche, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa adn Kiowa Apache tribes. William Tecumseh Sherman, Commissioner of Indian Affairs
  • 1868: December 25: General Philip Henry Sheridans fought Comanche and Kiowa- Battle of Soldier Springs 
  • 1871-1874: Chomanche and Kiowa wars
  • 1874-75: Red River War or Buffalo War
  • Peyote Road- Native American Church- sacramental use of peyote - by 1930 half of the Indian population in the United States belonged to the church.
  • 1899: Oklahoma Territory ban the use of peyote.

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Comanche tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

Correspondenceand Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records Pre-180 Correspondence M234 Roll Number FHL Film Number Post-1885 Census M595 Roll Number FHL Film Number
Comanche Anadarko Area Office, 1881-1962 Fort Worth - - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Upper Platte Agency,1846-55 Washington D.C. Rolls 889-96 - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Upper Arkansas Agency, 1855-64 Washington D.C. Rolls 878-82 - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Kiowa Agency,1864-80 Fort Worth Rolls 375-86 - Rolls 211-23 FHL Films:576899-576912

Treaties

The year link (year of the treaty) will connect to an online copy of the treaty.

  • 1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes
  • 1846 May 15, at Council Springs
  • 1853 July 27, at Fort Atkinson
  • 1865 October 17, referred to in an Apache treaty
  • 1865 October 18, at Little Arkansas River

Vital Records

Important Web Sites

References


Bibliography

Comanche

  • Carlson, Paul H. The Plains Indians. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, c1998. FHL Book 970.1 C197p

General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published

 

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  • This page was last modified on 16 January 2014, at 04:07.
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