Comanche IndiansEdit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indians Gotoarrow.png Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Indians of Oklahoma Gotoarrow.png Comanche Indians

Comanche Indian -Six tribal leaders.png
Comanche Nation Flag.png

To get started in American Indian Research

Ancestral Homeland: Mexico to Wyoming

Various Spellings: Comanche, Camanche


Comanche Bands:

Kewatsana, Kotsai, Kotsoteka (Buffalo Eaters), Kwahadi, Motsai, Nokoni (Wanderers), Patgusa, Penateka (Honey Eaters), Pohoi, Quahadis (Antelopes), Tanima, Wasaih, and Yamparika (Yap Eaters)

Leaders: Quanna Parker

Tribal Headquarters

Comanche Nation of Oklahoma
584 N. W. Bingo Rd.
P. O. Box 908
Lawton, Oklahoma 73505
Toll Free Phone Number: 1.877.492.4988
Fax: 1.580.492.3796

Population: 1984 Total enrollment 8,131. [1]


Brief Timeline

  • 1600's: Left Wyoming, neighboring tribe, Shoshone and removed to south to Rocky Mountains.
  • 1790: The Comanche allied with Kiowa
  • 1791: Living in present day Kansas
  • 1700-1800: raided and roamed Texas, New Mexico, Oklahoma, Kansas, Colorado and northern Mexico
  • 1816-1839: Smallpox epidemics
  • 1835: Texas Revolution
  • 1838: Council House Affair
  • 1840: United with southern Cheyenne and Arapaho
  • 1845: Annexation of Texas, Texas Rangers protect settlers from hostile Indians, particular the Comanche
  • 1849-50: Cholera epidemic
  • 1853: Fort Atkinson Treaty - protect the Santa Fe Trail
  • 1854: Comanche and Kiowa placed on reservation on the Brazos River.
  • 1859: Barzos River Reservations abandoned - moved to new reservation on the Washita River near present-day Fort Cobb, Oklahoma
  • 1864: Fought against Kit Carson's men; Battle of Adobe Walls on the Staked Plain for the Texas Panhandle
  • 1866/7: Treaty of Medicine Lodge 4,000 Indians in attendance; Comanche, Cheyenne, Arapaho, Kiowa and Kiowa Apache tribes. William Tecumseh Sherman, Commissioner of Indian Affairs
  • 1868: December 25: General Philip Henry Sheridan fought Comanche and Kiowa- Battle of Soldier Springs
  • 1871-1874: Comanche and Kiowa wars
  • 1874-75: Red River War or Buffalo War
  • Peyote Road- Native American Church- sacramental use of peyote - by 1930 half of the Indian population in the United States belonged to the church.
  • 1899: Oklahoma Territory ban the use of peyote.

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Comanche tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.


The majority of records of individuals were those created by the agencies. Some records may be available to tribal members through the tribal headquarters.They were (and are) the local office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, and were charged with maintaining records of the activities of those under their responsibility. Among these records are:

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records Pre-180 Correspondence M234 Roll Number FHL Film Number Post-1885 Census M595 Roll Number FHL Film Number
Comanche Anadarko Area Office, 1881-1962 Fort Worth - - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Upper Platte Agency,1846-55 Washington D.C. Rolls 889-96 - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Upper Arkansas Agency, 1855-64 Washington D.C. Rolls 878-82 - Rolls 211-23 -
Comanche Kiowa Agency,1864-80 Fort Worth Rolls 375-86 - Rolls 211-23 Films:576899-576912

Land Records

Tribally owned land 7,045.80 acres. Allotted land: 201,350.17 acres. [2]


The year link (year of the treaty) will connect to an online copy of the treaty.

  • 1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes
  • 1846 May 15, at Council Springs
  • 1853 July 27, at Fort Atkinson
  • 1865 October 17, referred to in an Apache treaty
  • 1865 October 18, at Little Arkansas River

Vital Records

  • Kiowa Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL Film: 576909 and births and deaths 1930-1936, FHL Film: 576911

Important Web Sites


  1. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 221
  2. Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2 page 220-221



  • Carlson, Paul H. The Plains Indians. College Station, Texas: Texas A&M University Press, c1998. FHL Book 970.1 C197p


  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 Vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published


Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.

Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 1 April 2015, at 15:31.
  • This page has been accessed 9,989 times.