Council Bluffs Indian Agency (Nebraska)Edit This Page
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The Council Bluffs was located on the west bank of the Missouri River at Bellevue.
Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency
The Council Bluffs Agency was established in 1837 and was responsible for some of the Indians previously assigned to the Upper Missouri Agency. The Council Bluffs Agency was reduced to a subagency between 1849 and 1851 and was discontinued in 1856. The Oto, Missouri, and Pawnee Indians were placed under the new Otoe Agency and the Omaha Indians were placed under the new Omaha Agency as the successors to the Council Bluffs Agency.
Agents and Appointment Dates
John Dougherty April 13, 1837, Joseph V. Hamilton June 27, 1839, Daniel Miller October 22, 1841, Jonathan Bean July 25, 1845, John Miller July 22, 1846, John E. Barrow (subagent) April 13, 1849, John E. Barrow (agent) June 30, 1851, James M. Gatewood April 18, 1853, and George Hepner May 19, 1854 
Agencies and subagencies were created as administrative offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and its predecessors. Their purpose was (and is) to manage Indian affairs with the tribes, to enforce policies, and to assist in maintaining the peace. The names and location of these agencies may have changed, but their purpose remained basically the same. Many of the records of genealogical value (for the tribe and tribal members) were created by these offices.
Letters received from the Council Bluffs Agency, 1836-1857, are included among Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, filmed by the National Archives as their Microcopy M248, Rolls 215-218. This set of records is also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 1660945 thru 1660948).
- ↑ Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, p. 51.
- ↑ The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
- ↑ American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M234, p. 8.
- American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
- Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
- Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
- Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
- Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
- "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.
- This page was last modified on 10 March 2015, at 21:05.
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