Crawford County, ArkansasEdit This Page
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Guide to Crawford County Arkansas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.
|Crawford County, Arkansas|
Location in the state of Arkansas
Location of Arkansas in the U.S.
|Founded||October 18, 1820|
|County Seat||Van Buren|
|Address|| Crawford County Courthouse|
300 Main Street
Van Buren, AR 72956
Crawford County Courthouse
300 Main Street
Van Buren, AR 72956
County Clerk has marriage and probate records from 1877; Clerk Circuit Court has court and land records from 1877 and divorce records.
- History of Crawford County at Ancestry.com ($)
It was named in honor of William H. Crawford, President Monroe's Secretary of the Treasury.
Parts of the county were taken for various new counties:
- Washington 27 October 1828
- Pope 2 November 1829
- Scott 5 November 1833
- Franklin 19 December 1837
- Sebastian 5 January 1851
- In 1828, part of the Osage and Cherokee Territory was added to the county.
For animated maps illustrating Arkansas county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Arkansas County Boundary Maps" (1813-1925) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.
On March 23, 1877, the courthouse was destroyed by fire and all records were destroyed except those of the treasurer and a few deeds and mortgages. Since that date however the records are complete and are kept in fire-proof vaults.
For a list of record loss in Arkansas counties see: Arkansas Counties with Burned Courthouses
Alma | Cedarville | Chester | Dyer | Kibler | Mountainburg
Mulberry | Natural Dam | Rudy | Uniontown | Van Buren
- All of the family biographies from the 1889 History of Crawford County, Arkansas by Goodspeed are available free online on My Genealogy Hound
(Most click to names of people)
(Often more complete)
More cemetery lists
Crawford County Cemetery Index - Crawford County ARGenWeb
Tombstone Transcription Project - USGenWeb Project
Alexander Cemetry, Alma City Cemetery, Bidville Cemetery, Bolton Cemetery, Bryant Cemetery, Dugan Cemetery, Dyer Cemetery,Fairview Cemetery, Gregory Cemetery, Hall Cemetery, Hillcrest Cemetery, Liberty Hill Cemetry, Love Cemetery, Morrison Cemetery, Rudy, New Cemetery, Newberry Chapel Cemetery, Peters Cemetery, Sarah Grove, Steward Cemetery
- 1830 Census - USGenWeb Archives
- US Federal Census Records - Crawford County ARGenWeb
- Slave Schedules - Crawford County ARGenWeb
- Newton County 1900 Census at Ancestry.com ($)
Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Arkansas denominations, view the Arkansas Church Records wiki page.
Crawford County Church Index - Crawford County ARGenWeb
Wills and Probate Index - Crawford County ARGenWeb
Land and Property
Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.
See Arkansas Land and Property for additional information about early Arkansas land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse and where records are currently housed.
Local histories are available for Crawford County, Arkansas. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see Arkansas Local Histories.
Biography Index - Crawford County ARGenWeb
Disaster/Epidemic Index - Crawford County ARGenWeb
Family Group Sheets Index - Crawford County ARGenWeb
Crawford County Family Website Index - Crawford County ARGenWeb
Emphasis for this timeline is on events that affected migration, records, or record-keeping. Unless otherwise mentioned, the events below were gleaned from Arkansas County - The Encyclopedia of Arkansas History & Culture 
- The area that became Crawford County has been inhabited since the end of the Ice Age, about 12,000 BC. Paleoindians hunted and gathered wild plants and other resources, residing in open air campsites.
- 1195-1495 - Various theories speculate that the artwork and settlements in Crawford County were left by ancestors of the Osage, Quapaw, Wichita, Tunica, or Caddo tribes.
- 1818-1828 - Much of the future county was within a Cherokee reservation and therefore unavailable to American settlers..
- 1820 October 18 - When originally created , Crawford County encompassed a large part of Indian Territory and all or part of five present-day counties—Scott, Sebastian, Franklin, Washington, and Pope.
- 1840 - Approximately 4,000 people had arrived, and settlements sprang up all over the mountains, valleys, and the river valley.
- 1850 - Iimmigrants and freight could enter the county by traveling the State Road (Wire Road) from the north, paralleling the western boundary, from Springfield, Missouri, to the Arkansas River.
- 1862 - The Civil War came early to Crawford County, as did great devastation, deprivation, pain, and suffering.
- 1874 - As the freed slaves migrated westward, a large population of African Americans settled in the Riverside community near Van Buren.
- 1870-1880 - Crawford County never experienced phenomenal growth at any one time, but with the advent of the railroads , there came a significant population increase,
- A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital version at Google Books. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Arkansas, Crawford County on page 191.]
- Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Arkansas section begins on page 439.]
- Pension Rolls - Crawford County ARGenWeb
United States Colored Troops of Crawford County, Arkansas this site gives history and information on burial and a Headstone Project.
Regiments. Service men in Crawford County, Arkansas served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Crawford County, Arkansas:
- - 19th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Dawson's) (Confederate)
- - 34th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company E
- - 35th Regiment, Arkansas Infantry (Confederate), Company G
- - Witherspoon's Battalion, Arkansas Cavalry (Confederate)
- Men from Crawford County served in the 1st Regiment Arkansas Infantry (Union)
- Men from Crawford County served in the 5th Regiment, Arkansas Militia (Confederate)
- Men from this county served in the 3rd Regiment, Arkansas Cavalry (Union), Company E
Finding More Arkansas Newspapers
Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Crawford County, Arkansas newspapers in online catalogs like:
- FamilySearch. Do a Crawford County, Arkansas Place-name search for these and other records in the FamilySearch Catalog (For instructions see, FamilySearch Catalog Place-name Search).
- Fayetteville Democrat at Ancestry.com ($)
- Fayetteville Daily Democrat at Ancestry.com ($)
- Daily Fayetteville Democrat at Ancestry.com ($)
- Northwest Arkansas Times at Ancestry.com ($)
- Courier Times at Ancestry.com ($)
Submitted Crawford County Obituaries - USGenWeb Archives Project
Newspaper Article Index - Crawford County ARGenWeb
Probate records of Arkansas have been kept by the probate or county courts. You can obtain copies of the original records by contacting the clerk's office in the county courthouse.
The Family History Library has microfilm copies of many Arkansas probate records. See Arkansas Probate Records for more information about Probate records in Arkansas, including statewide indexes.
- Records 1874-1929 Part of: Arkansas Probate Records, 1817-1979 FamilySearch Historical Collections (Free, browse images)
- Includes Administration bonds 1877-1909; Administration bonds 1877-1908; Minute index 1877-1929; Minutes 1877-1895; Wills 1874-1929.
Arkansas tax records replace missing censuses and provide lists of residents during years between censuses. There may be gaps of several years for some counties. For more information see Arkansas Taxation.
Tax Lists - Crawford County ARGenWeb
Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Arkansas Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred or order electronically online. See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records
See also How to order Arkansas Vital Records
- 1877-1951 - Crawford County Marriage Books A-Z, 1-7 Index 1877-1951 in Arkansas, County Marriages, 1837-1957 at FamilySearch - free.
- 1877-1921 - Crawford County Marriage Books A-I Index 1877-1921 in International Genealogical Index at FamilySearch - free.
Vital Record Substitutes
Genealogy Societies and Libraries
Crawford County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 276
Alma, AR 72921
Open on Tuesday and Thursday, 9:00 AM to 3:00 PM.
Crawford County Historical Society
929 East Main Street
Van Buren, AR 72956-4317
Northwest Arkansas Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 796
Rogers, AR 72757-0796
Serving the Arkansas Counties of Benton, Carroll, Madison and Washington
Phone:: (501) 273-3890
Arkansas Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 17653
Little Rock, AR 72222
Arkansas Historical Association
416 Old Main, University of Arkansas
History Department - Ozark Hall 12
Fayetteville, AR 72701
Arkansas History Commission One Capitol Mall
Little Rock, AR 72201
Trash or Treasure? Phone:
Arkansas Historical Society
422 South Sixth Street
Van Buren, AR 72956
Afro-American Historical and Genealogical Society
President, Little Rock Chapter
P.O. Box 4294
Little Rock, Arkansas 72214
Family History Centers
| Check back often with these websites. Internet offerings are growing at record rates.
Local societies and libraries may know of other websites.
|ARGenWeb||Free||Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions|
|USGenWeb Archives||Free||Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions|
|RootsWeb||Free||Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions|
|Linkpendium||Free||Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)|
|CyndisList||Free||Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)|
|StateofUS.com||Free||family history resources and government records|
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
|FamilySearch catalog||Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.|
|WorldCat||To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see WorldCat Online Catalog.|
|Allen County Public Library||located in Indiana They are heavily involved in digitizing.|
|Arkansas History Commission||AR state agency involved in organizing and maintaining state and local history of AR|
|GeneaBloggers||enter "arkansas" in the search box to see a list and links to Arkansas Blogs|
|Google+||list of groups from "arkansas genealogy" search|
|list of groups from "Arkansas Genealogy" search|
|genealogy.com||Crawford County, AR Genealogy Forum|
|ancestry.com||Crawford County Message Board|
- ↑ The Handybook for Genealogists : United States of America, 10th ed., (Draper, UT: Everton Publishers, 2002), p. 67.
- ↑ Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 65-67. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
- ↑ The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
- ↑ 4.0 4.1 Arkansas. Adjutant General's Office. Report of the Adjutant General of Arkansas, for the period of the late rebellion, and to November 1, 1866, (Bethesda, Maryland: University Publications of America, c1990) FHL fiche 6082312
- ↑ Desmond Walls Allen, Third Arkansas Union Cavalry, (Conway, Arkansas: Arkansas Research, c1987), pp. 33-92.FHL book 976.7 M28dc
- ↑ FamilySearch Wiki contributors, "Arkansas County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)," in FamilySearch Wiki, accessed 18 April 2013.
- ↑ Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at https://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/images/5/5c/Igiarkansasad.pdf.
- This page was last modified on 26 August 2014, at 13:24.
- This page has been accessed 17,626 times.
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