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Guide to Dutchess County, New York ancestry, family history, and genealogy. birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, and military records.

This page describes sources of genealogical data about Dutchess County, New York families, including links to smaller localities in the county. New York-related pages show useful statewide sources. United States pages explain the terminology and contents of genealogical records.

link=http://www.familysearch.org/learn/wiki/en/New York_Online_Genealogy_Records New York
Online Records

Coordinates: 41.76°0′N 73.75°0′W / 41.76°N 73.75°W / 41.76; -73.75

Dutchess County, New York
Map
Map of New York highlighting Dutchess County
Location in the state of New York
Map of the U.S. highlighting New York
Location of New York in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1683
County Seat Poughkeepsie
Courthouse
Ny-dutchess-ch.jpg
Address 22 Market Street
Poughkeepsie, NY 12601
Albany, NY 12206-1324
Dutchess County Website

Contents

Dutchess County New York Historical Facts

Parent County

1 November 1683: Created one of original 12 counties.[1]

Neighboring Counties

Nydutchess.jpg

Connecticut counties

Massachusetts county

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating New York County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation New York County Boundary Maps" (1683-1915) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

  • For a time, was annexed to Ulster County, separated in 1713. Records for the time period of 1683-1713 are in Ulster county.
  • 1717, a portion of Albany County transferred to Dutchess County.
  • 4 April 1786: the towns of Clermont and Germantown were transferred to Columbia County when the county was created.
  • 12 June 1812: Putnam County was set off.

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in New York Counties see: New York Counties with Burned Courthouses

Dutchess County New York Genealogy Resources

Bible Records

  • 1581–1917 New York, Family Bible Records at Ancestry– ($); Index. Database is a collection of genealogically important records taken from the Bibles of colony and state residents. Reveals the Bible's original owner, brief record of descendants,and a particular event such as birth or marriage as recorded in Bible.

Biography

Business Records and Commerce

Cemeteries

Cemetery Transcriptions for Dutchess county New York

Census

For information and tips on using and accessing online census records, see New York Census.

Federal

U.S. Census Mortality Schedules for New York, 1850-1880:

  • Available online at Ancestry ($).
  • Deaths are included for the 12 months prior to the census, 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, and 1879-80 beginning 1 June and ending 31 May of the census year.[2]
  • Basic contents of the records include: Name, sex, age, color, marital status, place of birth, month of death, occupation, and cause of death. 1870 also has parents' birthplace. 1880 lists how long a resident of the county.
  • Also on FHL Films 1415128–42 which can be ordered through any Family History Center.
  • The 1890 Census is lost. For a substitute, see directories.
State
Source 1825 1835 1845 1855 1865 1875 1892 1905 1915 1925
Ancestry.com - - - - - Yes Yes - Yes Yes
Family History Library - - - - Yes Yes Yes - Yes Yes
FamilySearch Images - - - - Yes Yes Yes - Yes Yes
New York State Library - - - - Yes Yes Yes - Yes Yes

New York State 1865 and 1875 Census Marriage, Mortality; and 1865 Soldier Mortality records:

  • Images available online at New York State Census, 1865 and New York State Census, 1875. Click on the link to go to the page, then click on the ‘Browse through images’ link and select your county, then select an ancestor's town and browse to the end of the population schedule until you find the Marriage, Mortality, and 1865 soldier mortality schedules.
  • Includes marriages and deaths for the 12 months prior to the census, ending 1 June of the census year.
  • Marriage entry content: Husband's name, wife's name, ages and previous marital status, month and day and place of marriage, and church or civil ceremony.
  • Death entry content: Name, age, sex, color, marital status, month and day of death, native state or country, occupation and cause of death.
  • 1865 deaths of officers and enlisted men entry content: Name, age, marital status, citizenship status, enlistment date, original regiment, original rank, regiment at death, rank at death, promotions, death date and place, manner of death, surviving associates, and burial place.
  • Also on microfilm. See the Family History Library line in the above State Census Chart. These can be ordered through any Family History Center.

Church Records

Church records are good substitutes for birth, marriage, and death information and are most often found on a local city/town or county level.  Published and manuscript church records can be found at public, university, and private libraries.

For a brief general history of denominations and a guide to finding various New York denomination's records, see New York Church Records Wiki page.

Dutch Reformed
  • 1757-1906 - Tower, Maria Bockee Carpenter. The Records of the Reformed Dutch Church of New Hackensack, Dutchess County, New York. 1932. Digital version at World Vital Records ($).
  • 1766-1827 - "Marriages in the Dutch Reformed Church in Hopewell, Dutchess County, New York," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, 1766-1817: Vol. 78, No. 4 (Oct. 1947):161-166; 1818-1827: Vol. 79, No. 1 (Jan. 1948):17-19. Digital version at New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 78-79.
Presbyterian
  • First Presbyterian Church at New Hamburg, Dutchess, New York FHL film 860334 Item 5 These are part of the DAR collection and are a transcription.
Quaker

Additional Church Records

Additional church records can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Dutchess County, New York Church Records  in online catalogs like:

Court Records

Ancestors may have also been involved in municipal, state, or federal court cases. See also New York Court Records and United States Court Records.

Crime and Criminals

Directories

Ethnic, Political, or Religious Groups

Gazetteers

Genealogy

  • Rootsweb message board for Dutchess County, New York has many information threads about families that resided in that county. There is a search engine that allows you to search by surname and topic.

History

Prior to the Anglo-Dutch incursion, what is today Dutchess County was a leading center for the Wappani. They had their council-fire at Fishkill Hook and also held gatherings along the Danskammer. (source:Wikipedia)

Land and Property

Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See New York Land and Property for more details, especially about the papers generated in New York State by large speculative land companies.

Original land records in Dutchess County, New York began in [?dateyear?]. These records are housed at the [?repository?] in [?town?].

Online

Microforms

Books

Additional land records can sometimes be found using these catalogs:

  • The Patents, in the twelve years 1685-1697 lawful patents had been granted securing for their purchasers every foot of Hudson River shoreline in the original county. Three additional patents, to 1706, laid claim to the remaining interior lands. They were:
    • Rombout, 1685
    • Minisink, 1686
    • Kip, 1686
    • Schuyler, 1688 (Poughkeepsie)
    • Schuyler, 1688 (Red Hook)
    • Aertsen-Roosa-Elton, 1688
    • Pawlings-Staats, 1696
    • Rhinebeek, 1697
    • (Great) Nine Partners, 1697
    • Philipse, 1697
    • Cuyler, 1697
    • Fanconnier, 1703
    • Beekman (Back Lots), 1703
    • (Little) Nine Partners, 1706

The Settlers of Beekman Patents, 7 volumes, are available online at New York Ancestors ($).

Additional resources

Additional resources for Dutchess County, New York land records may be found in the Dutchess County, New York – Land Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Maps

Migration

NY MA CT.png
Early migration routes to and from Dutchess County for European settlers included:[4]

Military

Revolutionary War

Dutchess County men served in the 2nd New York Regiment[27] and the 4th New York Regiment.[28]

Civil War

Town registers. The New York town clerks kept a bound register of all soldiers from their town serving in the Civil War 1861-1865. Registers are arranged by county, and town. Some town registers are missing. The registers include an index at the start of each town.

Content. Many register entries include full name, residence, date and place of birth, parents names, marital status, date of enlistment and muster and rank, discharges, death, or promotion.

Access. The original registers are at the New York State Archives in Albany, New York. Microfilm copies are found at the Family History Library (FHL Film 1993401-37) and can be ordered for viewing at your local Family History Center. They are also indexed and available at Ancestry.com ($).

Available towns. Registers are available for: Beekman · East Fishkill · Fishkill · Hyde Park · LaGrange · Milan · North East · Pawling · Pine Plains · Pleasant Valley · Poughkeepsie · Red Hook · Stanford · Union Vale · Washington.

Regiments. Service men in Dutchess County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were formed in Dutchess County:[29]

- 1st Regiment, New York Jackson Heavy Artillery, Company F.
- 3rd Regiment, New York Infantry
- 5th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 5th Regiment, New York Infantry (Duryee Zouaves), Company C.
- 6th Independent Battery, New York Light Artillery, Companies F and H.
- 6th Regiment, New York Cavalry, Companies F and H.
- 7th Veteran Regiment, New York Infantry
- 9th Regiment, New York Cavalry , Companies A and H.
- 9th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 9th Regiment, New York Infantry (New)
- 17th Veteran Regiment, New York Infantry
- 18th Regiment, New York Cavalry, Company G.
- 18th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company C.
- 20th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies D and G.
- 25th Regiment, New York Cavalry, Company I.
- 30th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company E.
- 38th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company G.
- 47th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 47th Regiment, New York State Militia (3 months, 1862)
- 57th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies H, I and K.
- 65th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company B.
- 87th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies F and G.
- 128th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies B, C, D, F, H, I and K.
- 143rd Regiment, New York Infantry, Company B.
- 150th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies A, B, C, D, E, F, G, H, I and K.
- 157th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies F and I.
- 159th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies D, E, G and I.
- 168th Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies B, F, H and K.
- 176th Regiment, New York Infantry, Company C.
- 187th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 188th Regiment, New York Infantry
- 192nd Regiment, New York Infantry, Companies D, E, F, H and I.
- 194th Regiment, New York Infantry

Migration

NY MA CT.png
Migration routes for early European settlers to and from Dutchess County, New York included:[1]

Naturalization and Citizenship

Ancestry.com is in the process of digitizing naturalization records stored at the Dutchess County Clerk's Office (1932-1989), see Mid Hudson News article.

Indexes

The Family History Library has also acquired this comprehensive index for the years 1792 through 1906 on microfilm: FHL Film 1419807 (1st of 294 films). The courts this index covers are:

  • City Court of Brooklyn, 1836-1894
  • Kings County Court, 1806-1906
  • New York City Marine Court, 1806-1849
  • New York County Common Pleas Court, 1792-1895
  • New York County Superior Court, 1828-1895
  • New York City and County Supreme Court, 1868-1906
  • Queens County Court, 1799-1906
  • Queens County Surrogate Court, 1888-1898
  • Richmond County Court, 1869-1906
  • U.S. Circuit Court Southern District, 1846-1876
  • U.S. District Court Eastern District, (Kings, Queens, Nassau and Suffolk counties), 1865-1906
  • U.S. District Court Southern Court Southern District, (New York, Bronx and also Dutchess, Orange, Putnam, Richmond, Rockland, Sullivan and Westchester counties), 1824-1906[47]

Newspapers

Old Fulton NY Post Cards has the largest online collection of 400 New York 1795-2007 newspapers. The instructions for this quirky site are needed to get the most out of it.

Old Fulton NY Post Cards has the following Dutchess County, New York newspaper images:

  • Amenia NY Harlem Valley Times 1913-2007
  • Amenia NY Times 1852-1914
  • Millbrook NY Roundtable 1897-2000
  • Pine Planes NY Register 1859-2005
  • Poughkeepsie NY Daily Eagle 1861-1937
  • Poughkeepsie Evening Star and Enterprise 1936-1941
  • Poughkeepsie NY New Yorker 1941

Obituaries

Periodicals

Poorhouses, Poor Law, etc.

Probate Records

Probate records including original estates and wills for New York are held in the office of the Dutchess County, New York County Surrogate Court beginning in 1787, or when the county was formed. Prior to 1787, most are housed at the New York State Archives. See New York Probate Records for more information about using probate records.
Content:  Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their place of residence.
Record types:  Wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distribution.

Probate Petitions

In 1830, state law required the Surrogate Court clerk to issue a probate petition for a deceased individual with property. This petition, unique to New York, usually lists the deceased's death date. It also lists the heirs, their relationship to the deceased, and their residence. [48] [49]

These petitions are often found in the estate files and can be obtained from the Dutchess County Surrogate Court.
The petitions for Dutchess County, New York are also available on microfilm at the Family History Library and its centers:

Online Probate Abstracts and Indexes

Probate Records on Microfilm

Additional Probate Indexes and Abstracts

Additional probate indexes or abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Dutchess County, New York probate wills in online catalogs like:

Repositories

See also a List of New York Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

Cornell University, Guide to Historical Resources in Dutchess County, New York Repositories. ([Ithaca, New York]: New York Historical Resources Center, Olin Library, Cornell University, 1990). At various libraries; FHL Book 974.733 A3g. Includes index. Includes references to some family histories and genealogies.

Archives, Libraries and Museums

PUBLIC LIBRARIES

There are some 30 public libraries in Dutchess County New York a number of which are branch library. They belong to the Mid-Hudson Library System that serves the communities of Columbia, Duchess, Greene, Putnam, and Ulster Counties. They share a catalog that includes a sizeable collection of Genealogical materials. The shared catalog is found on the library systems main page. For information on the individual libraries in Dutchess County, click here.

Adriance Memorial Library
93 Market St.
Poughkeepsie, NY 12601
(845) 485-3445 x3311
Email form
Genealogical Resources: Census records, obituary index, Poughkeepsie Journal newspaper (starts 1785), published family histories, local histories, military records, immigration records, church records, New England Historical and Genealogical Register, New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, The Dutchess, information about Palatines and Huguenots.
 Starr Library
68 West Market Street
Rhinebeck, New York 12572
Telephone 845.876.4030
Fax 845.876.4030
Genealogical Resources: The Starr Library joined with the Consortium of Rhinebeck History to create a space for researchers of genealogy and general local history in the Starr Library. The room is open Tuesday and Thursday from 10 o’clock to 3 o’clock or Saturdays by appointment. It houses a large collection of church and cemetery records, abstracts of Ulster and Dutchess County wills, newspaper marriage and death information and notebooks compiled by respected historians and genealogists, family genealogies on CDs, the Rhinebck Gazette (1842 -1990), state and federal censuses, and rare documents of local and National interest on microfilm. Over a thousand maps drawn by Frank Teal, Rhinebeck surveyor during the early part of the 20th century, are being inventoried and scanned by members of the Rhinebeck Historical Society.
County Historian's Office

Dutchess County Historian[51]
c/o Dutchess County Historical Society
549 Main Street
PO Box 88
Poughkeepsie, NY 12602
845-486-3669
Email: dchistory@co.dutchess.ny.us

Genealogical Resources: The County Historian may provide access to obituaries, vital records, church records, maps, and family files or journals. Some historians provide search services for their office records and others may refer you to local genealogists who research in the area.

Additional Resources:

Municipal Historians of Dutchess County[52]

Courthouses

The Dutchess County Clerk's office has marriage, divorce, court and land records as well as the state census. The Surrogate Court has probate records. For further information about where the records for Dutchess County are held, see the Dutchess County Courthouse page.

Family History Centers

Family History Centers (FHCs) are branches of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, Utah, and are located all over the world. Their goal is to provide resources to assist in the study of genealogy. The closest FHC in Dutchess County is the Poughkeepsie New York Family History Center. For additional Family History Centers, search this online FHC directory. See also Introduction to LDS Family History Centers.

Societies
Dutchess County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 708
Poughkeepsie, NY 12602
(845) 462-4168
Genealogical Resources: Family History Center, vital records, local records, maps, compiled genealogies, censuses, military records, Palatine immigration records. Online library guide.
Dutchess County Historical Society
The Clinton House
549 Main Street
Poughkeepsie, NY
(845) 471-1630
dchistorical@verizon.net
Genealogical Resources: Family Bibles, cemetery records, local and church histories, city directories, more than 125 family histories, genealogy surname files, maps, newspapers, New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Year Books of the Holland Society of New York, Olde Ulster, probate records, school yearbooks.
Historical Societies of Dutchess County.
Little Nine Partners Historical Society
P.O. Box 243
Pine Plains, NY 12567
LNPHS@hotmail.com
Genealogical Resources: Roderic A. Davis's Bibliography and Web Guide is available online as a guide for genealogical researchers. Davis instructs readers how to find genealogical information about the Little Nine Partners, Great Nine Partners, and Dutchess County areas.

Hudson River Heritage
P.O. Box 287
Rhinebeck NY 12572
(845) 876-2474
E-mail: office@hudsonriverheritage.org

Genealogical Resources: Preservation of architecture, rural landscapes and scenic views of the mid-Hudson Valley area.

Additional Resources:

Historical Societies of Dutchess County

Social Groups Online

Taxation

Town Records

Town records in New York may include early births, marriages, deaths, divorces, local histories, selected military records, and town meeting minutes. For further details, try the links to individual town Wiki pages found in Places. See also:

  • Gordon L. Remington, New York Towns, Villages, and Cities: A Guide to Genealogical Sources (Boston: New England Historic Genealogical Society, 2002). NEHGS online edition; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 974.7 D27r. Alphabetical list including date founded, if a town history exists, church and cemetery sources, and if a Civil War register (TCR) exists.


Vital Records

Vital records of birth, marriage or death were first recorded at the local level in the village clerk, town clerk, or city clerk’s ledger book. If you know where a birth, marriage or death took place, a copy of the certificate or record may be obtained by writing to the town, village or city clerk. See also How to order New York Vital Records or order electronically online.

See the heading Places on this wiki page for links to local community wiki pages and their available records. See New York Vital Records for a discussion about beginning dates and availability of vital records in New York.

Use substitute records for birth, marriage, and death information. These substitute records include Bible Records, Cemeteries, Church Records, Newspapers, and Probate Records.

Birth

Early births were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording births in 1881. Births were not recorded on the county level.

Birth Substitutes

  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for birth information.
Marriage

Early marriages were sometimes recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) In 1880, town clerks were to record the marriage and a copy was sent to the New York State Department of Health (state level). Town clerks continue to record marriages. Marriages were recorded by the Dutchess County, New York clerk starting in 1908 and go until 1935.[53]

  • 1763-1797 - "Record of Marriages by Roswell Hopkins, One of His Majesty's Justices of the Peace for the County of Dutchess, State of New York," The New York Genealogical and Biographical Record, Vol. 39, No. 2 (Apr. 1908):126-129. Digital versions at Internet Archive - free; New York Family History ($); FHL Book 974.7 B2n v. 39.

Marriage Substitutes

  • 1800–1855 New York Marriage Notices at Ancestry– ($); Index. This database is a collection of marriage notices published in newspapers around the state. Contains name of bride and groom, marriage date, marriage location, residence, and newspaper found in.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Marriage Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for marriage information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.
Divorce

Pre–1787

All divorces were granted by the governor or legislature and were very rare.

1787–1847

All divorces were granted by the court of chancery. These records are found in the New York State Archives or for the New York City area at the New York County Clerk's office.These divorces were granted only on the grounds of adultery.

1847–present

All divorces are handled by the county Supreme Court where the divorce was granted. Divorce files in New York are sealed for 100 years. Contact the County Clerk for information about divorce records.

Divorce judgment papers often include date and place of the marriage and the names and birthdates of any children. Local newspapers may publish notices of divorce actions.

Death

Early deaths were recorded on the town level and the years vary by town. (List of towns) The New York State Department of Health (state level) began recording deaths in 1881. Deaths were not recorded on the county level.

Death Substitutes

  • 1849-50, 1859-60, 1869-70, 1879-80 See Mortality Schedule information in the Federal Census section of Census for death information.
  • See Town Clerks' Registers of Men Who Served in the Civil War in the Civil War section of Military for death information.
  • 1864-5, 1874-5 See Mortality Schedule information in the State Census section of Census for death information for 1864-5, and 1874-5.

Additional Resources

Additional resources for Dutchess County births, marriages and deaths may be found in the New York, Dutchess– Vital Records topic page of the FamilySearch Catalog . Copies of records on FHL microfilm and microfiche can be ordered for viewing at Family History Centers. Copies of books found in the FamilySearch Catalog may be found in WorldCat catalog and ordered from your local library through interlibrary loan. Explore how to search the FamilySearch Catalog and the Worldcat Online Catalog.

Voting Registers

Dutchess County New York Places

Dutchess County New York Genealogy Websites

Dutchess County New York Genealogy References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 489. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. Arlene Eakle, and Johni Cerni, The Source: A Guidebook of American Genealogy (Salt Lake City: Ancestry, 1984), 103. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27ts.
  3. Dutchess County, New York Quaker Records, Ancestry, at http://search.ancestry.com/search/db.aspx?dbid=4702 (accessed 17 November 2011).
  4. Handybook, 847-61.
  5. 5.0 5.1 Wikipedia contributors, "Old Albany Post Road" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Old_Albany_Post_Road (accessed 23 June 2011).
  6. Frederic J. Wood, The Turnpikes of New England and the Evolution of the Same Through England, Virginia, and Maryland (Boston: Marshall Jones, 1919), map between 56 and 57, and 168. Internet Archive version online.
  7. Isaac Huntting, History of the Little Nine Partners of North East Precinct and Pine Plains, New York, Dutchess County (Amenia, NY: Chas. Walsh, 1897), 99-101. Google Book edition.
  8. 8.00 8.01 8.02 8.03 8.04 8.05 8.06 8.07 8.08 8.09 8.10 8.11 List of turnpikes in New York in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 6 November 2014).
  9. 9.0 9.1 Ancram Turnpike in Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trails, Roads and Migration Routes (accessed 6 November 2014). The Ancram Turnpike went from Springield, MA to Catskill, NY; and was called the Catskill Road.
  10. 10.0 10.1 10.2 10.3 Almira E Morgan, The Catskill Turnpike: A Wilderness Path (Ithaca, N.Y.: DeWitt Historical Society of Thompkins County, 1971), 5. Online digital copy.
  11. 11.0 11.1 Catskill Turnpike in Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trails, Roads and Migration Routes (accessed 6 November 2014). The Catskill Turnpike went west from Catskill, NY to Bath, NY; the east part was called the Susquehanna Turnpike.
  12. Huntting, 97-99.
  13. Anastassia Zinke, The Susquehanna Turnpike and America's Frontier History in Catskill Mountain Foundation (accessed 1 November 2014).
  14. Joan Odess, The Susquehanna Turnpike (pdf accessed 1 November 2014).
  15. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 186-88.
  16. Wood, map between 330 and 331, and 348-49.
  17. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 203-205.
  18. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 166-67.
  19. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 76-78.
  20. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 79-80.
  21. Handybook, 851.
  22. Bethlehem Pike in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 17 November 2014).
  23. Old Connecticut Path in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 28 October 2014).
  24. Wood, 25.
  25. Boston Post Road in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 28 October 2014).
  26. Wood, map between 330 and 331, and 363-64.
  27. "2nd New York Regiment," Valley Forge Legacy, http://valleyforgemusterroll.org/regiments/ny2.asp, accessed 31 May 2012.
  28. "4th New York Regiment," Valley Forge Legacy, http://valleyforgemusterroll.org/regiments/ny4.asp, accessed 31 May 2012.
  29. Frederick Phisterer, New York in the War of the Rebellion, 3rd ed. (Albany, N.Y.: J. B. Lyon Company, 1912). Internet Archive digital copy; At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Film 1486494-96; Fiche 6083559-64; Book 974.7 M2p.
  30. Frederic J. Wood, The Turnpikes of New England and the Evolution of the Same Through England, Virginia, and Maryland (Boston: Marshall Jones, 1919), map between 56 and 57, and 168. Internet Archive version online.
  31. Isaac Huntting, History of the Little Nine Partners of North East Precinct and Pine Plains, New York, Dutchess County (Amenia, NY: Chas. Walsh, 1897), 99-101. Google Book edition.
  32. Huntting, 97-99.
  33. Anastassia Zinke, The Susquehanna Turnpike and America's Frontier History in Catskill Mountain Foundation (accessed 1 November 2014).
  34. Joan Odess, The Susquehanna Turnpike (pdf accessed 1 November 2014).
  35. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 186-88.
  36. Wood, map between 330 and 331, and 348-49.
  37. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 203-205.
  38. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 166-67.
  39. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 76-78.
  40. Wood, map between 56 and 57, and 79-80.
  41. Handybook, 851.
  42. Bethlehem Pike in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 17 November 2014).
  43. Old Connecticut Path in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 28 October 2014).
  44. Wood, 25.
  45. Boston Post Road in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 28 October 2014).
  46. Wood, map between 330 and 331, and 363-64.
  47. FamilySearch Catalog, FamilySearch, accessed 6 December 2011, http://www.familysearch.org.
  48. Alice Eichholz, Red Book: American State, County and Town Sources, 3rd ed. (Salt Lake City: Ancestry Pub., 2004), 479. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27rb 2004.
  49. Henry B. Hoff, "Navigating New York Probate," American Ancestors 12 (Fall 2011): 57.
  50. About Abstracts of Wills, Admins. and Guardianships in NY State, 1787-1835 at New York Ancestors, accessed 8 December 2011, http://newyorkancestors.org/.
  51. Elizabeth Petty Bentley, Genealogist's Address Book: State and Local Resources, with Special Resources Including Ethnic and Religious Organizations, 6th ed. (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Pub., 2009), 399. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D24ben 2009.
  52. Dutchess County Government. Municipal Historians of Dutchess County. Website: http://www.co.dutchess.ny.us/municipalities/munhistorians.htm, accessed January 2012
  53. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 488-493. At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.


 

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