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The Fort Belknap Indian Agency is the administrative office of the Bureau of Indian Affairs on the Fort Belknap Reservation in north-central Montana. Its supervising office is the Billings Area Office.

Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Grosventre, Assiniboin

History

The Fort Belknap Agency was established in 1873. The Grosventre and Assiniboin Indians living on the Milk River in Montana were assigned to the agency. For two years, 1876-1878, the Fort Belknap and the Fort Peck Agency were joined. In 1878, Fort Belknap was reestablished as a separate agency[1].

Agents and Appointment Dates

 William H. Fanton   August 12, 1873,  Wyamn L. Lincoln April 11, 1878

Records

Many of the historical records of this agency are housed in the National Archives Rocky Mountain Region (Denver), Colorado.[2] Records in that collection which may be of assistance to the genealogist include:

  • Birth and death certificates and reports, 1915-1919
  • Family history cards, 1909
  • U.S. Army discharges of Indian scouts, 1883-1894
  • Student case files, 1935-1950

Many more records of lesser genealogical value are also in this collection.

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Fort Belknap Agency, 1883-1900, are on roll 12 of that Microcopy set[3]. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617685).

The 1900 federal census included population schedules for the Fort Belknap Reservation. The census includes the non-Indian employees of the Fort Belknap Agency, as well as many pages of Indian Population Schedules for the native population of the Reservation. They are recorded as District 211, Fort Belknap Indian Reservation, in Chouteau County, Montana.

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Fort Belknap Agency, 1907-1935, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 45-46[4], available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, beginning with their microfilm numbers 1724263-1724264. Reports for some years are missing.

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1885-1911 and from 1913 thru 1939. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 126 thru 131[5]. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 576481-576486). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.

Census Records 1888, 1900-1944 and Family History Cards 1909, FHL film: 1026838

Indians serving in the Civilian Conservation Corps., 1938-1942. FHL film: 1026854

Employee Records 1878-1927. FHL film: 126851

Heirship Records, 1911, 1921-1936. FHL film: 1026844

Individual Money Ledgers 1925-1948. FHL film: 1026845-1026850

Ration Records 1904, 1931-32, 1937-38 and Welfare Application 1939-1947. FHL film: 1026852 items 1 and 2  

Individual Allotment Records, Army discharge 1883-1894, Draft Registration Cards 1917-1918. FHL film: 1026855

School Records 1879-1951. FHL film: 1026839-1026843

Vital Records 1913-1918. FHL film: 1026853

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 158-159.
  2. Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
  3. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.
  4. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1011, p. 27.
  5. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 20 March 2012, at 15:50.
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