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Guide to Galveston County Texas genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, immigration records, and military records.

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Galveston County, Texas
Map
Map of Texas highlighting Galveston County
Location in the state of Texas
Map of the U.S. highlighting Texas
Location of Texas in the U.S.
Facts
Founded May 15, 1838
County Seat Galveston
Courthouse
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Contents

County Courthouse

Galveston County Courthouse
722 Moody
Galveston, TX 77550
Phone: 409.766.2210

County Clerk has birth and death records,
Clerk has birth and death records 1903 -1910
and 1941-1951, marriage, probate and land
records from 1838 and court records from 1875[1]

TexasGalvestonCourthouse.jpg

History

Galveston Island was the temporary seat of government of the Republic of Texas during the Texas Revolution.

Parent County

1838--Galveston County was created 15 May 1838 from Brazoria and Liberty Counties. County seat: Galveston [2]

Boundary Changes

See an interactive map of Galveston County border changes.

Record Loss

Galveston is a very low-lying area in Texas, the county seat being largely on an island, and thus it is vulnerable to weather disasters, mainly being hurricanes, and occasionally, tornadoes.

In September 1900, Galveston suffered what is to this day the worst United States hurricane disaster in terms of loss of life. That storm, known as the Galveston Hurricane, killed over 6,000 people. The hurricane also for all practical purposes swept the island clean, although some structures did survive.

Therefore, unless the record or a duplicate copy or other item that recorded the same data was moved to an inland area prior to September 1900, it is likely the record was destroyed in the hurricane. One should check in nearby counties for any such replications of any records from the Galveston area prior to 1900, such as neighboring counties, regional offices of churches, and other similar repositories, for records from this county. Galveston county courthouse records were spared from destruction as they were kept in a vault that did survive.

Since 1900, a seawall was built along the outward facing shore, and subsequent hurricanes, including Ike in 2008, did somewhat less damage as the seawall for the most part has kept the storm surge produced by any hurricane from over-washing the island by and large. In fact, one can drive along the seawall itself which will give any visitor an idea of just how serious the 1900 disaster really was.

Places / Localities

Populated Places

Cities

Bayou Vista | Clear Lake Shores | Dickinson | Friendswood | Galveston | Hitchcock | Jamaica Beach | Kemah | La Marque | League City | Santa Fe | Texas City

Villages

Tiki Island

Census-designated Places

Bacliff | Bolivar Peninsula | San Leon

Unincorporated areas

Algoa | Bayview | Crystal Beach | Gilchrist | High Island | Port Bolivar

Neighboring Counties

Resources

African American


Cemeteries

Cemetery records often reveal birth, marriage, death, relationship, military, and religious information.

Online Grave Transcripts Published Grave Transcripts County Cemetery Directories

Findagrave.com

Family History Library

Findagrave.com

Interment.net

WorldCat

Names in Stone

USGenWeb


Billion Graves

Billion Graves


Cemeteries of Texas



Names in Stone



See Texas Cemeteries for more information.
Additional Cemetery Sources


Census

Church

Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death/burial date and place. For general information about Texas denominations, view the Texas Church Records wiki page.

Lutheran
  • Records of the American Lutheran Church, Galveston County, in Evangelical Lutheran Church in America database at Archives.com ($).

Court

Land

After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions, including deeds and mortgages, have been recorded by the county. You can obtain copies of these land records by writing to the county clerk at the county courthouse. For more information, see Texas Land and Property.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists microfilm copies of deeds, trust deeds, and mortgages of many counties.

  • Original Land Owners Of Texas  ~  Galveston County  ~  TXGenWeb
  • Lot and Block Book of Texas City, Galveston County, 1902-1911: showing names of property owners, dimensions, lot numbers, block numbers, and street number of each block. Read the book online at the Portal to Texas History.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Galveston County, Texas. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Texas Local Histories.

Maps

Txgalveston.jpg

Military

Civil War
Civil War Battles

The following Civil War battles were fought in Galveston County.

October 4, 1862 = Galveston I[3]
January 1, 1863 = Galveston II[4]


Newspapers

Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Galveston County, Texas newspapers in online catalogs like:

  • Home Town News  -  Texas Newspaper Index with links
  • Newslink  -  Texas Newspaper List (sorted by publication frequency)
  • The Olden Times   -   Historic Texas News Online
  • Newspaperarchive.com ($) has historical newspapers available on-line. Their database has Galveston newspapers from the early 1800's that covered local news on Galveston County residents as well as residents from surrounding counties.

Obituaries

Probate

Probate records of Texas have been kept by the probate clerk in each county courthouse. You can obtain copies of the records from the clerk's office. In most counties, all information pertaining to a probate case is recorded in the "probate minutes."

Content: Probate Records may give the decedent's date of death, names of his or her spouse, children, parents, siblings, in-laws, neighbors, associates, relatives, and their places of residence.

Record types: Wills, estates, guardianships, naturalizations, marriage, adoption, and birth and death records.

See the Wiki page Texas Probate Records for information about how to use probate records.


Taxation

Texas tax records complement land records and can be used in place of censuses or to supplement the years between censuses. Because only persons who owned taxable property were listed, many residents were not included in tax lists. There may also be gaps of several years in the tax records of some counties. For more information, see the wiki page Texas Taxation.

Texas County Tax Rolls, 1846-1910 lists FHL films with county tax lists. The lists vary by county and year. Most records are between the years of 1846 - 1910.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths recorded on registers, certificates, and documents. United States Vital Records has additional research guidance on researching and using vital records. See Texas Vital Records for more information about Vital records in Texas or How to order Texas Vital Records


A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Texas Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office of the county where the event occurred, ordered electronically online or download an application for Texas Birth and Death Certificate, Marriage or Divorce Verification Application to mail.

Birth

Online Birth Indexes and Records


Original Birth Records on Microfilm

Marriage

Online Marriage Indexes and Records

Death

Online Death Indexes and Records

Original Death Records on Microfilm

Divorce

Societies and Libraries

Dickinson Public Library
1837 Hwy 517 E
Dickinson, TX 77539
Phone: (281) 534-3812


Friendswood Public Library
416 S Friendswood Dr
Friendswood, TX 77546
Phone: (281) 482-7135
Website


Rosenberg Library
2310 Sealy Ave
Galveston, TX 77550
Phone: (409) 763-8854
Website


Genevieve Miller Hitchcock Public Library
8005 Barry Ave
Hitchcock, TX 77563
Phone: (409) 986-7814
Website


La Marque Public Library
1011 Bayou Rd
La Marque, TX 77568
Phone: (409) 938-9270
Website


Helen Hall Library
100 W Walker St
League City, TX 77573
Phone: (281) 554-1111
Website


Mae S Bruce Library
13302 6th St
Santa Fe, TX 77510
Phone: (409) 925-5540
Website


Moore Memorial Public Library
1701 9th Ave N
Texas City, TX 77590
Phone: (409) 643-5970
Website

Family History Centers

505 Deseret Dr
Friendswood, Galveston, Texas, United States
Phone: 281-996-9346
Hours: T 10am-2pm & 6pm-9pm; Th 10am-2pm; F 11am-3pm; Sat (2nd) 11am-3pm.
Closed: Thanksgiving week, two weeks at christmas

3300 77th St
Galveston, Galveston, Texas, United States
Phone: 409-744-7938
Hours: T, Sat by appt; W 7pm-9pm

4655 S Shore Blvd
League City, Galveston, Texas, United States
Phone: 281-535-3034
Hours: T-Th 7pm-9pm; Sat 10am-12pm

  • Society Hill  ~  Links and addresses to Texas genealogical and historical societies

Web Sites

References

  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Galveston County, Texas. Page 664 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 9 August, 2012)
  4. Heritage Preservation Services, Civil War Battle Summaries by State, (accessed 9 August, 2012)

 

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  • This page was last modified on 29 July 2014, at 00:44.
  • This page has been accessed 11,802 times.