Germans from Russia Language and LanguagesEdit This Page

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Germans from Russia Gotoarrow.png Language and Languages

Map of historic German language areas in dark green.

Contents

German

Most materials used to research Germans from Russia is written in German or Russian. However you do not need to speak or read these languages to do research in the records. You will need to know some key words and phrases to understand the records. Language aids that will help you understand German are described in the “Language and Languages” page of the Germany Wiki page.

Russian

A dictionary that will help you understand Russian is:

Smirnitsky, A. I.Русско-Английский словарь = Russian-English Dictionary (Russko-Angliĭskiĭ slovar). Izd. 7oe. Moskva: Izdatel’stvo “Sovetskaia Entsiklopediia”m 1965. (FHL book 491.7321 Sm48r; film 1045410 item 2).Place name in search book.

More Russian Cyrillic alphabet examples are found in the "Handwriting" page.

Transliterating Russian Place Names

The Library has used two transliteration systems in the FamilySearch Catalog to write Russian words using Roman letters. The following table is adapted from page ix of:

United States. Board on Geographic Names. Official Standard Names for U.S.S.R. Washington, D.C.: USGPO, 1970. (FHL Ref book 947 E5u 1970 v. 1; fiche 6001801-807 [136 fiches]).

Transliteration system used in the FamilySearch Catalog for Russian Cyrillic place names:

Cyrillic
Roman
А, а
a
Б, б
b
В, в
v
Г, г
g
Д, д
d
Е, е
e, ye [1]
Ё, ё
ë, yë [2]
Ж, ж
zh
З, з
z
И, и
i
Й, й
y [3]
К, к
k
Л, л
l
М, м
m
Н, н
n
О, о
o
П, п
p
Р, р
r
С, с
s
Т, т
t
У, у
u
Ф, ф
f
Х, х
kh
Ц, ц
ts [4]
Ч, ч
ch
Ш, ш
sh
Щ, щ
shch
Ъ, ъ
’’ (hard sign)
Ы, ы
y [3]
Ь, ь
’ (soft sign)
Э, э
e
Ю, ю
yu
Я, я
ya

Transliterating Russian Authors, Titles, and Imprints

The following table is adapted from pages 184-85 of:

ALA-LC Romanization Tables: Transliteration Schemes for Non-Roman Scripts. 1997 ed. Washington, D.C.: Library of Congress, 1997. (FHL book 411 AL11a 1997).

Bold letters show variations from the place name transliteration system.

Transliteration system used in the FamilySearch Catalog for Russian Cyrillic authors, titles, and imprints:

Cyrillic
Roman
А, а
a
Б, б
b
В, в
v
Г, г
g
Д, д
d
Е, е
e
Ё, ё
ë
Ж, ж
zh
З, з
z
И, и
i
І, і [5]
ī
Й, й
ĭ
К, к
k
Л, л
l
М, м
m
Н, н
n
О, о
o
П, п
p
Р, р
r
С, с
s
Т, т
t
У, у
u
Ф, ф
f
Х, х
kh
Ц, ц
ts
Ч, ч
ch
Ш, ш
sh
Щ, щ
shch
Ъ, ъ [6]
’’ (hard sign)
Ы, ы
y
Ь, ь 1
’ (soft sign)
Э, э
ė
Ю, ю
iu
Я, я
ia
Ѧ, ѧ [7]
ę


  1. The Cyrillic letter e is transliterated as ye initially, after vowels, and after ъ and ь; elsewhere as e.
  2. The letter ё is not considered a separate letter of the Russian Cyrillic alphabet, and the dieresis is often omitted. When printed in Cyrillic as ё, it is transliterated as or ye initially, after vowels, and after ъ and ь; elsewhere as ë or e; that is, the use of the dieresis is optional.
  3. 3.0 3.1 Both й and ы are transliterated as y, but these letters rarely occur initially and the likelihood of confusion is slight; the й usually occurs only as the second part of dipthongs, while the ы occurs before other vowels or between consonants.
  4. This system provides no means of distinguishing between the transliterations of the Cyrillic letter ц and the тс letter combination; however, the latter occurs infrequently.
  5. Do not confuse with similar part of the letter Ы, ы (transliterated Y, y).
  6. Letter is disregarded in transliteration when found at the end of a word.
  7. Church Slavic letter occasionally found in the modern Russian Cyrillic alphabet.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 25 July 2014, at 18:15.
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