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Guide to Guilford County, North Carolina ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Guilford County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Guilford County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded December 5, 1770
County Seat Kenansville
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County Courthouse

Guilford County Courthouse
201 S Eugene St
PO Box 3427
Greensboro, NC 27402
Phone: 336-641-7556

Courthouse Burned 1872
Many older records  still avialble
Register of Deeds has birth and death records from 1913[1]


Parent County

1770--Guilford County was created 5 December 1770 from Orange and Rowan Counties, but it did not start administration of its territory until 1 April 1771, so no Guilford records exist before that date.

County seat: Greensboro [2]

Boundary Changes

The law creating Guilford County was passed in 1770, and the county started administration of its territory on April 1, 1771. Any land records prior to that time will be in the records of other counties. Approximately, the western two-thirds of the county came from Rowan County, and the eastern one-third came from Orange County. Rowan was created in 1753 from Anson County, and Orange was created in 1752 from parts of Johnston, Bladen, and Granville counties.

"Old Guilford County" was three times larger than present-day Guilford County, since Randolph County was created from the southern third of Guilford in 1779, and Rockingham County was created from the northern third of Old Guilford in 1785.

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

1872--Courthouse fire resulted in some loss of records.

For a list of record loss in North Carolina counties see: North Carolina Counties with Burned Courthouses


Populated Places

  • Archdale (part)
  • Browns Summit
  • Forest Oaks
  • Gibsonville
  • Greensboro (Wikipedia link)
  • High Point
  • Jamestown
  • Kernersville (part)
  • McLeansville
  • Oak Ridge
  • Pleasant Garden
  • Sedalia
  • Stokesdale
  • Summerfield
  • Whitsett

Neighboring Counties



African American



For tips on accessing Guilford County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.

Church Records

  • Caraway Creek. Founded before 1773.[3]
  • Cross Roads. Constituted 1786.[3]
  • Sandy Creek. Founded 1755.[3][4] Later located in Randolph County.
The Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day Saints

LDS Ward and Branch Records

  • Greensboro
German Reformed
  • Old Brick Church, near Whitsett, N.C. Organized late 1700s.[5]
  • Friedens Church, near Gibsonville, N.C. Organized before 1791.[6]
  • Low's Lutheran Church, near Kimesville, N.C. Organized about 1771.[7]
  • Alamance Church, near Greensboro, N.C. Organized about 1764.[8]
  • Buffalo Church, Greensboro, N.C. Organized about 1764.[9]



The deed books are online! Click on Old Index Books to find the indices. 

Local Histories

  • Arnett, Ethel Stephens, Greensboro, North Carolina: The County Seat of Guilford, Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1955, 1983 (excerpt) (Google Books link)
  • Arnett, Ethel Stephens, The Saura and Keyauwee in the Land that Became Guilfod, Randolph, and Rockingham, Greensboro, North Carolina: Media, 1975.
  • Batchelor, John, The Guilford County Schools: A History, Winston-Salem, North Carolina: John F. Blair, 1991.
  • Bowles, David, Spring House (Book 1 in the Westward Sagas), Plum Creek Press, 2006.
  • Greensboro Business Directory, 1886 (GenWeb Archives)
  • Guilford County Bicentennial Commission, Guilford County, a Brief History, Greensboro, North Carolina: Guilford County Bicentennial Commission, 1971.
  • Guilford County, NC GenWeb Local History (includes links to book excerpts)
  • Hatch, Charles E., Jr., The Battle of Guilford Courthouse, Washington, D.C.: National Park Service, 1971.
  • Haworth, Cecil E., Deep River Friends: A Valiant People, Greensboro, North Carolina: North Carolina Friends Historical Society, 1985.
  • Haworth, Sara A., Springfield, 1773-1940: A History of the Establishment and Growth of the Springfield Monthly Meeting of Friends, High Point, North Carolina: Barber-Hall Printing Company, 1940.
  • High Point Business Directory, 1886 (GenWeb Archives)
  • Hill, Jane Smith, An Annotated Digest of Will Book A, Guilford County, North Carolina, 1771-May Court 1816, Heritage Books, 2007. (Google Books link)
  • Hughes, Fred, Guilford County: A Map Supplement, The Custom House, 1988. (Google Books link)
  • Jordan, Pauls Stahls, Women of Guilford County, North Carolina: A Study of Women's Contributions, 1740-1979, Greensboro, North Carolina: Women of Guilford, 1979. (Google Books link)
  • Kars, Marjoleine, Breaking Loose Together: The Regulator Rebellion in Pre-Revolutionary North Carolina.
  • Pegg, William Wesley, Sr., Something of the Story of Deep River, Greensboro, North Carolina: Self-published, 1980.
  • Robinson, Blackwell P., and Alexander R. Stoesen, ed. by Sydney M. Cone, Jr., The History of Guilford County, North Carolina, U.S.A. to 1980, A.D., 1981.
  • Salsi, Lynn, and Burke Salsi, Guilford County: Heart of the Piedmont (The Making of America series), Arcadia Publishing, 2002. (Google Books link)
  • Scarlette, Gladys, Summerfield, North Carolina: A Pictorial History, Greensboro, North Carolina: Younts, 1995.
  • Sharpe, Stella Gentry, Tobe, Chapel Hill, North Carolina: University of North Carolina Press, 1939.
  • Sloan, John Alexander, Reminiscences of the Guilford Grays, Co. B, 27th N.C. Regiment, Washington, D.C.: R.C. Polkinhorn, 1883.
  • Stockard, Sallie Walker, The History of Guilford County, North Carolina, 1902 (complete text in Google Books) (complete text in Internet Archive)
  • Stoesen, Alexander R., Guilford County: A Brief History, 2000 (Google Books link) (NC Office of Archives & History Publications Shop)
  • Teague, Bobbie T., Cane Creek: Mother of Meetings, North Carolina Friends Historical Society, 1995.
  • Weatherly, Andrew Earl, The First Hundred Years of Historic Guilford, 1771-1871, Greensboro, North Carolina: Greensboro Print Company, 1972.
  • Zopf, Paul E., The People of Guilford: Growth and Changes in the Population of Guilford County, Greensboro, North Carolina: Chamber of Commerce, 1972.



General and miscellaneous
Revolutionary War
Civil War

Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.

-2nd Regiment, North Carolina Infantry
- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry, Company F
:- 2nd Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, 2nd Company E
:- 4th Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company A
:- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry (63rd Regiment Volunteers), Company I
:- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry (63rd Regiment Volunteers), Company K
:- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Captain George F Fisher's Company
:- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company C
:- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company D

World War II



  • Guilford County Widows’ Year’s Support, 1894-1968 - available in Word or PDF format from the NC State Archives


Vital Records



Societies and Libraries 

Guilford County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 4713, Dept. W
Greensboro, NC 27404-4713
Guilford County Genealogical Society

Guilford County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 9693
Greensboro 27429-0693
Guilford County Genealogical Society

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Centers for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Web Sites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Guilford County, North Carolina. Page 509 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 1:227-228, 230; 2:564. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  4. "Sandy Creek Baptist Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  5. "Old Brick Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  6. "Friedens Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  7. "Low's Lutheran Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  8. "Alamance Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  9. "Buffalo Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  10. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at


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  • This page was last modified on 27 June 2015, at 16:08.
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