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Indians of Wyoming > Kiowa Apache Indians

Kiowa Apache
Kiowa Apache-Chief Pacer (Peso, Essa-queta) wearing earings,Photo. by William S. Soule, 1868-74-NO.113.jpg
Population
1971 400 [1]
1905 155 [2]
1891 325 [3]
1780 400 [4]

Regions with significant populations
Ancestral Homelands: northeast Wyoming and Upper Plains, as far south as Oklahoma

Descendants:
Apache Tribe of Oklahoma, in and near Anadarko, Oklahoma

Status

Federally recognized

Linguistic Group

Athapaskan

Cultural Group

Plains

Other Related Ethnic Groups

Kiowa, Cheyenne and Arapaho

Alternate Names and Spellings:Apache Tribe of Oklahoma, Nadi-ish-dena, Plains Apache, Prairie Apache

Contents

Tribal Headquarters

Apache Tribe of Oklahoma
511 E Colorado Dr
Anadarko, OK 73005-5218
Ph. 1.405-247-2330


History

Other than the Na-Dene linguistic family heritage, there is no connection with the "Apache Nation," including the Fort Sill Apache Tribe of Oklahoma. The Kiowa Apache are a distinct tribe, although they associated with other tribes including the Kiowa, and in recent years, the Apache.

Brief Timeline

  • 1805 -- Lewis and Clark described them as living between the heads of 2 forks of the Cheyenne River in the Black Hills region of northeast Wyoming.
  • 1837 -- Under the name of the Kataka Tribe, they signed their first treaty with the U.S. government.
  • 1853 -- The tribe was living along the Canadian River and were associated with the Comanche.
  • 1865 -- At the signing of the Treaty of Little Arkansas, the tribe detached themselves from the Kiowa and were attached to the Cheyenne and Arapaho.
  • 1867 -- By the Treat of Medicine Lodge, they were formally reunited with the Kiowa.
Kiowa Apachean 18-century Map.png

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Records

Agencies

The following agencies of the Bureau of Indian Affairs had jurisdiction over the (name of tribe) for the time periods indicated. BIA agencies were responsible to keep such records as census rolls, allotment (land) records, annuity rolls, school records, correspondence, and other records of individual Indians under their jurisdiction. For details, see the page for the respective agency.

The agencies which had jurisdiction over a major portion of the Kiowa in the United States were:

Upper Platte Agency 1846-55

Upper Arkansas Agency 1856-64

Kiowa Agency 1864-80

Superintendencies

The following superintendencies had jurisdiction over the tribe:

Western Superintendency

St. Louis Superintendency

Central Superintendency

Colorado Superintendency

Census (a specific type of record kept by the BIA Agencies)

The Bureau of Indian Affairs compiled annual Indian Census Rolls on many of the reservations from 1885 to 1940. They list the names of individuals, their age, and other details about each person enumerated. For more information about these records, click here.

The following table lists the census rolls for the (name of tribe) Indians:

Correspondence

There are several sets of correspondence between the supervising offices of the Bureau of Indian Affairs and the local offices -- agencies, subagencies, etc. The correspondence is often historical in nature, including reports of the conditions among local groups of Indians, hostilities, plans for building facilities, activities of traders or missionaries, etc. Occasionally, there will be names of individuals but little detail about them. For more information about American Indian correspondence, click here.

The following table lists some of the correspondence records relating to the (name of tribe) Indians:





Some correspondence for the following field offices may be included in the records of those offices preserved in the research facilities indicated.




Treaties

During the latter part of the 18th Century and most of the 19th Century, treaties were negotiated between the federal government and individual Indian tribes. The treaties provide helpful information about the history of the tribe, but usually only include the names of those persons who signed the treaty. For more information about treaties, click here.

Treaties to which the (name of tribe) Indians were a part were:

Tribal Office Records

The Tribal Office is responsible for enrollment records, vital records, tribal police records, tribal court records, employment records and many others. They are an entirely different set of records from those kept by the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Most of them remain in the Tribal Office. For details, contact that office at the address for the Tribal Headquarters listed above.

Vital Records

Prior to the Indian Reorganization Act, the Bureau of Indian Affairs, through their agencies, may have recorded some vital events. Some were recorded on health forms, such as the "Sanitary Record of Sick, Injured, Births, Deaths, etc." Others were recorded as supplements to the "Indian Census Rolls." Some were included in the unindexed reports and other correspondence of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.

Some vital records for the (name of tribe) Indians include:

Important Web Sites

References

  1. Muriel H. Wright. A Guide to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma. Norman: University of Oklahoma Press, 1971.
  2. Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906.
  3. Frederick Webb Hodge. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906.
  4. Barry M. Pritzker. A Native American Encyclopedia:History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. p. 295.

Bibliography

Kiowa Apache

  • Wright, Muriel H. A Guide to the Indian Tribes of Oklahoma. Norman:University of Oklahoma Press, 1971.

General

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Pritzker, Barry M. A Native American Encyclopedia: History, Culture, and Peoples. Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000. WorldCat 42683042.
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published

 

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  • This page was last modified on 17 January 2014, at 02:06.
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