Michigan, State Census, 1894 (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page

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Access the records: Michigan, State Census, 1894 .

Contents

Record Description

This census counted and gathered information about the population in 1894.

The collection contains population schedules for a few counties in Michigan from the state census taken in June 1894. This collection contains the following 16 of 83 counties:

  • Barry
  • Bay
  • Benzie
  • Dickinson
  • Emmet
  • Gratiot
  • Ingham
  • Iosco
  • Kalamazoo
  • Kent
  • Keweenaw
  • Lapeer
  • Leelanau
  • Menominee
  • Montcalm
  • Washtenaw

Michigan began collecting census information in 1710 with the colonial census of Detroit. Censuses were conducted periodically throughout the colonial and territorial periods. The fist state census was compiled in 1837. Most state, territorial, and colonial censuses are at the Michigan State Archives. For additional information see the wiki article Michigan Census. The census information was handwritten on preprinted sheets.

The census was compiled to obtain a count of the population to determine how many representatives the state would send to Congress.

Reliability of the information in the census is determined by the accuracy of the knowledge of the informant, which could have been any member of the family or even a neighbor.

Record Content

The census includes the following information:
  • Name of every person who resided in the family
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Color or race
  • Marital status
  • Married within the census year
  • Mother of how many children 
  • Mother of how many children (living)
  • Birth place
  • Birth place of father 
  • Birth place of mother
  • Number of male children born during census year
  • Number of female children born during census year
  • Number of months old
  • Occupation
  • Whether in military
  • Sick or disabled on day of census
  • Nature of disability
  • Attended school within the year
  • Number of months
  • Literacy
  • Whether speaks English; if not, language spoken
  • Length of residence in Michigan
  • Length of residence in United States
  • If prisoner, pauper, or homeless child

How to Use the Record

Begin your search by finding your ancestors in the census index. Use the locator information in the index (such as page number or family number) to locate your ancestors in the census. Compare the information in the census to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to compare the information of more than one family or person to make this determination. Be aware that as with any index, transcription errors may occur.

Fill in the requested information in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about the ancestors in the list to what you already know about your ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.

As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.


For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.

When you have located your ancestors in the census, carefully evaluate each piece of information about them. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors.

For example:

  • Use the age listed to determine an approximate birth date. This date along with the place of birth can help you find a birth record. Birth records often list biographical and marital details about the parents and close relatives other than the immediate family.
  • Birth places can tell you former residences and can help to establish a migration pattern for the family.
  • Use the race information to find records related to that ethnicity such as records of the Freedman’s Bureau or Indian censuses.
  • Use the residence information to help you locate immigration records (such as a passenger list) which would usually be kept at the port of entry into the United States.
  • If they are subject to military service, they may have military files in the State or National Archives.
  • Occupations listed can lead you to other types of records such as employment or school records; children’s occupations are often listed as “at school.”
  • It is often helpful to extract the information on all families with the same surname in the same general area. If the surname is uncommon, it is likely that those living in the same area were related.

Be sure to extract all families before you look at other records. The relationships given will help you to organize family groups. The family groupings will help you identify related families when you discover additional information in other records.

Some other helpful tips to keep in mind are:

  • Married family members may have lived nearby but in a separate household so you may want to search an entire town, neighboring towns, or even the county.
  • You may be able to identify an earlier generation if elderly parents were living with or close by a married child.
  • You may be able to identify a younger generation if a young married couple still lived with one of their sets of parents.
  • Additional searches may be needed to locate all members of a particular family in the census.
  • You should also be aware that the census may identify persons for whom other records do not exist.
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Don't overlook FHL Place United States, Michigan items or FHL Keyword Michigan items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see Michigan Archives and Libraries.

Known Issues with This Collection

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 Contributions to This Article

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Citation for This Collection

The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Records collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher, and archive for the original records.

"Michigan, State Census, 1894." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Department of State. State Archives, Lansing.


A full bibliographic record is available in the FamilySearch Catalog.


 

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  • This page was last modified on 20 August 2014, at 21:24.
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