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Guide to Mongolia ancestry, family history and genealogy parish registers, transcripts, census records, birth records, marriage records, and death records.

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Getting started with Mongolian research

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Newly discovered Mongolian genealogy records are providing insights into the history of Mongolia and China. In fact, the records are correcting errors found in many history books. The studies of the newly discovered Mongol genealogy may help unveil some mysteries in Chinese history, such as the whereabouts of the remains of Genghis Khan (1167-1227), the great Mongol emperor whose grandson founded the Yuan Dynasty (1271-1368), and the fate of his descendants.

Jurisdictions

Rank - Name - Mongolian - Inhabitants (2000) - Inhabitants (est. 2006) - Administrative Unit
1. Ulan Bator * - Улаанбаатар - 711,900 - 1,008,738(2008) - Ulan Bator
2. Erdenet - Эрдэнэт - 68,310 - 86,866(2008) - Orkhon
3. Darkhan - Дархан - 65,791 - 74,300(2007) - Darkhan-Uul
4. Choibalsan - Чойбалсан - 44,880 - 38,150(2008) - Dornod
5. Mörön - Мөрөн - 28,903 - 36,082(2007) - Khövsgöl
6. Nalaikh - Налайх - 23,600 - 29,115(2008) - Ulan Bator
7. Khovd - Ховд - 26,023 - 28,601(2007) - Khovd
8. Ölgii - Өлгий - 28,060 - 27,855(2008) - Bayan-Ölgii
9. Bayankhongor - Баянхонгор - 22,066 - 26,252 - Bayankhongor
10. Baganuur - Багануур - 21,100 - 25,877(2008) - Ulan Bator
11. Arvaikheer - Арвайхээр - 19,058 - 25,622(2008) - Övörkhangai
12. Ulaangom - Улаангом - 26,319 - 21,406(2007) - Uvs
13. Sükhbaatar - Сүхбаатар - 22,374 - 19,626(2008) - Selenge
14. Sainshand - Сайншанд - 25,210 - 18,285(2008) - Dornogovi
15. Tsetserleg - Цэцэрлэг - 16,553 - 16,300 - Arkhangai
16. Uliastai - Улиастай - 24,276 - 16,240(2008) - Zavkhan
17. Altai - Алтай - 18,023 - 15,800(2008) - Govi-Altai
18. Züünkharaa - Зүүнхараа - n.a. - 15,000(2004) - Selenge
19. Öndörkhaan - Өндөрхаан - 18,003 - 14,800 - Khentii
20. Zuunmod - Зуунмод - 16,227 - 14,568(2007) - Töv
21. Dalanzadgad - Даланзадгад - 14,183 - 14,000 - Ömnögovi
22. Baruun-Urt - Баруун-Урт - 15,133 - 12,944(2008) - Sükhbaatar
23. Zamyn-Üüd - Замын-Үүд - 5,486 - 11,527(2008) - Dornogovi
24. Bulgan - Булган - 16,239 - 11,198(2008) - Bulgan
25. Mandalgovi - Мандалговь - 14,517 - 10,299(2007) - Dundgovi
26. Kharkhorin - Хархорин - n.a. - 8,977(2003) - Övörkhangai
27. Bor-Öndör - Бор-Өндөр - 6,406(2001) - 8,902(2008) - Khentii
28. Choir - Чойр - 8,983 - 7,998 - Govisümber
29. Sharyngol - Шарынгол - 8,902 - 7,798(2008) - Darkhan-Uul
* - city proper, Nalaikh, Baganuur, Bagakhangai not included

Derived from a Wikipedia list of Mongolian cities

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Mongolians have had a long and rich history with several unusual genealogy twists. More than sixty years ago, the population was ordered to stop using family surnames. The Communist rulers proclaimed that each person was to use only their given names. A few years ago, the new generation of leaders reversed the older rule and ordered everyone to again start using surnames. A lot of confusion resulted, as many families had been dispersed in sixty years of war and turmoil. Many people did not know what surname to use.

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  • This page was last modified on 3 December 2014, at 01:33.
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