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Guide to Monroe County Iowa genealogy. Birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Monroe County, Iowa
Map of Iowa highlighting Monroe County
Location in the state of Iowa
Map of the U.S. highlighting Iowa
Location of Iowa in the U.S.
Founded February 17, 1843
County Seat Albia


County Courthouse

Quick Facts

Parent County

1843 Monroe County was created 17 February 1843 from unorganized territory. It was formerly Kishkekosh County, and renamed to Monroe 1 August 1846. It was attached to Wapello and Jefferson Counties prior to organization 1 July 1845.   County seat: Albia [1]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Iowa County boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Iowa County Boundary Maps" (1816-1872) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in Iowa Counties see: Iowa Counties with Burned Courthouses


Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Appanoose • Davis • Lucas • Mahaska • Marion • Wapello • Wayne

Monroe CountyWapello CountyDavis CountyAppanoose CountyWayne CountyLucas CountyMarion CountyMahaska CountyKeokuk CountyJefferson CountyVan Buren CountyDecatur CountyClarke CountyWarren CountyPolk CountyJasper CountyPoweshiek CountyIowa CountyScotland CountySchuyler CountyPutnam CountyMercer CountyIAMonroe.JPG


African American

Gradwohl, David M.and Nancy M. Osborn  Exploring Buried Buxton: archaeology of an abandoned Iowa coal mining town with a large Black population ; 1st ed. Ames:Iowa State university Press, 1984. 207 p. F629.B98 G73 1984




Most church records are held by individual churches. For contact information, check a phone directory, such as SearchBug or Dex Knows. Some denominations are gathering their records into a central repository. For more information about these major repositories, see Iowa Church Records.




Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Iowa Land and Property for additional information about early Iowa land grants. After land was transferred to private ownership, subsequent transactions were usually recorded at the county courthouse, where records are currently housed.


Local histories are available for Monroe County, Iowa. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the wiki page section Iowa Local Histories.

Biographical and Genealogical History of Appanoose and Monroe Counties, Iowa



Civil War

Regiments. Service men in Monroe County, Iowa served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Listed below are companies that were specifically formed in Monroe County, Iowa:

- 6th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company E
- 8th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company I
- 17th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company H
- 22nd Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company D
- 46th Regiment, Iowa Infantry (100 days, 1864), Company G
- 17th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company H
:- 1st Regiment, Iowa Cavalry, Company H
:- 22nd Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company D
:- 46th Regiment, Iowa Infantry (100 days, 1864), Company G
:- 6th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company E
:- 8th Regiment, Iowa Infantry, Company I


Wikipedia has more about this subject: List of online newspaper archives ($) has a large collection of digitized Iowa newspapers online. This database is sometimes free at libraries.


In most counties in Iowa, probate records have been kept by the county judge. They include wills, fee books, claim registers, legacy records, inheritance records, probate ticklers, and dockets. The records are available at the county courthouse.

The FamilySearch Catalog lists films of probate records. To find the records for this county, use the Place Search for Iowa - Montoe - Probate records.


Iowa tax records complement land records and can be used to supplement the years between censuses. Tax lists were usually made every year, however, there may be gaps of several years. For more information, see the wiki page Iowa Taxation.

Vital Records

Societies and Libraries

See also a List of Iowa Archives, Libraries, Publications, Historical & Genealogical Societies

Family History Centers

Web Sites


  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).


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  • This page was last modified on 19 July 2014, at 05:11.
  • This page has been accessed 3,406 times.