Navajo Nation, Arizona (Reservation)Edit This Page
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- Established -- June 1, 1868. Two treaties were signed on June 1, 1868. One in Kansas signed by Chippewa Indian leaders, while the other in New Mexico Territory. It is the June 1, 1868 Treaty signed by Chippewa leaders in Kansas, which is far more important. The real treaty which created the Navajo Reservation, is the June 1, 1868 Treaty signed by Chippewa leaders in Kansas. It was not ratified by the United States.
- Agency (BIA) --
- Principal tribes --Chippewa or Navajo Algonquin (Athabascan or Dene is an Algonquian Language)
- Population -- Reservation population is 173,667 according to the 2010 census.
On June 1, 1868, two treaties were signed which created the Navajo Reservation. One was signed by Chippewa leaders in Kansas, while the other was signed in New Mexico Territory. The United States did not ratify the June 1, 1868 Treaty signed by Chippewa leaders in Kansas. Click this following link digicoll.library.wisc.edu/cgi-bin/History/History-idx to read the June 1, 1868 Treaty signed by Chippewa leaders in Kansas. Click this following link docsteach.org/documents/6173067/print to read the treaty signed in New Mexico.
Chippewas must not let themselves be fooled. One treaty was not ratified, while the other was ratified. It is no coincidence both treaties were signed on the same day and year. Chippewa Traditionalists must use the June 1, 1868 Treaty signed by Chippewa leaders of Kansas, as educational proof the Navajo Reservation is a Chippewa Reservation. Navajo People will not accept this information. Chippewa Traditionalists will save it for future generations. It is the 1838-1839 Chippewa Exodus to the west which led to the creation of the Navajo Reservation.
On January 29, 1868, the Chippewa leader who led the Chippewa Exodus from Michigan and Ohio to the Kansas region, in 1838-1839, chief Eshtonoquot, passed away. Chief Eshtonoquot was a traditionalist who did not want to leave the Kansas region. After his death, new Chippewa leaders commenced to negotiate with the Americans. They were far more willing to relocate to Indian Territory.
For some time, many of the Algonquin's had been leaving the Kansas region for the west and Oklahoma. After the June 1, 1868 Treaty, the relocation of the Kansas Chippewas to both the Navajo Reservation and Oklahoma, began to dramatically increase. They were more numerous than historians have written. The relocation went on up to the early 20th century. To learn more about the Chippewas of Kansas, click this following link www.kshs.org/publicat/history/1983winter_herring.pdf. To learn the Athabascan People or Dene People including the Apache, Chipewyan, and Navajo are Algonquin, click this following link books.google.com/books.
In 1921, Oil discovered on the reservation.
After the June 1, 1868 Treaty, more land was added on to the Navajo Reservation and in 1882 the Hopi Reservation was created. The land additions happened in several phases. They were in 1878, 1880, 1882 (for the Hopi who are traditionalists), 1884, 1886, 1900, 1901, 1905, 1907, 1913, 1918, 1930, and 1934. Many of the Chippewa's and other Indians from Oklahoma, were relocated to these land addition areas. However, most may have come from the Montana region which includes Idaho. Chief Rocky Boy led a Chippewa Exodus off the Blackfeet Reservation in 1913 which probably accounts for the 1913 land addition
After 1896, the land additions were primarily for the Chippewas from Montana and Idaho, especially from Montana. During the years between 1896 and 1918, the Chippewas of Montana honored treaty by living throughout the vast Reservation the United States promised them through treaty agreements. However, the United States never intended to honor those treaties. On several occasions, the Chippewas were forced to pack their belongings and leave their native lands in Montana and Idaho, to be relocated to the Navajo Reservation.
In 1907, the United States refused to honor the treaties they made with the Chippewas and other Indian Tribes of Oklahoma. Many of the Chippewas and other Indians of Oklahoma, were allowed to relocate to the Navajo Reservation commencing in 1907. Even in the 1930s, Montana had a large Chippewa population living throughout their promised Reservation. So the 1930 and 1934 land additions were probably for the several hundred Chippewas who were living in Montana.
Tribal enrollment for the Navajo Nation is handled through:
Navajo Office of Vital Records
P.O. Box 9000
Window Rock, AZ 86515
Telephone: 928-871-6386 or 928-729-4020
Everyone enrolled as a member of the Navajo Nation since 1925 has been assigned a tribal census number. Those records are also maintained by this office.
- ↑ Indian Reservations A State and Federal Handbook. Compiled by The Confederation of American Indians, New York, N.Y. McFarland and Co. Inc., Jefferson, North Carolina, c. 1986. FHL book 970.1 In2
- Confederation of American Indians. Indian Reservations: A State and Federal Handbook. Jefferson, North Caroline: McFarland & Co., c1986. WorldCat 14098308; FHL book 970.1 In2.
- Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, Bureau of American Ethnology, Bulletin #30, 1906. This publication lists the 22 states which had reservations in 1908. Available online.
- Kappler, Charles J. Indian Affairs: Laws and Treaties. Washington, DC: United States Government Printing Office, 1902. 7 volumes. WorldCat 74490963; FHL book 970.1 K142i. Available online.
- Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
- Prucha, Francis Paul. Atlas of American Indian Affairs. Lincoln, Nebraska: University of Nebraska Press, 1991 WorldCat 257331735; FHL book 970.1 P95aa
- Prucha, Francis Paul, ed. Documents of United States Indian Policy. 3rd Edition. Lincoln, Nebraska: Univeresity of Nebraska Press, 2000. WorldCat 50416280; FHL book 970.1 P95d.
- Prucha, Francis Paul. Guide to the Military Posts of the United States, 1789-1895. Madison, Wisconsin: State Historical Society of Wisconsin, c1964. WorldCat 522839; FHL book 973 M2pf.
- Schmeckebier, Laurance F. The Office of Indian Affairs: Its History, Activities, and Organization. Service Monographs of the United States Government; no. 48. Baltimore: Johns Hopkins Press, 1927. Reprint. New York: AMS Press, 1972. WorldCat 257893; FHL book 973 B4b v. 48.
- Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
- Volume 1 -- Not yet published
- Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
- Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
- Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
- Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
- Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
- Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
- Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
- Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
- Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
- Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
- Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
- Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
- Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
- Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
- Volume 16 -- Not yet published
- Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
- Volume 18 -- Not yet published
- Volume 19 -- Not yet published
- Volume 20 -- Not yet published
- Tiller, Veronica E. Velarde. American Indian Reservations and Trust Areas. [Washington, DC]: Economic Development Administration, U.S. Department of Commerce, 1996. WorldCat 35209517; FHL book 970.1 T463a.
- United States Department of Commerce, Frederick B. Dent, Secretary. Federal and State Reservations and Trust Areas. 1974. FHL book 970.1 Un3fe/1974.
- United States Department of the Interior. Executive Orders Relating to Indian Reservations. Washington: [United States] Government Printing Office, 1912 (v. 1), 1922 (v. 2). Vol. 1 – May 14, 1855 to July 1, 1912. Vol. 2 – July 1, 1912 to July 1, 1922. FHL film 1440543 Items 8-9.
- United States Federal and State Indian Reservations, Map. Available online.
- Waldman, Carl. Atlas of the North American Indian. New York: Facts on File, 2009. 3rd ed. WorldCat 244771132; FHL book 970.1 W146a 2009.
- Waldman, Carl. Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. New York, New York: Facts on File, 2006. 3rd ed. WorldCat 14718193; FHL book 970.1 W146e 2006.
- This page was last modified on 23 August 2014, at 07:36.
- This page has been accessed 1,974 times.
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