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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Gotoarrow.png New Mexico Military Gotoarrow.png New Mexico in the Civil War

Arizona and New Mexico Territories 1863

Contents

Introduction

During the Civil War, the New Mexico Territory included New Mexico, Arizona, and the southern tip of Nevada. Arizona became its own territory in 1863 during the war. In 1861, Federal troops went east, which left white civilians unprotected from Indian attacks.[1]

The southern part of the New Mexico Territory, which was the Gadsen Purchase, sided with the Confederacy, while the northern section was Union.[1]  New Mexico supplied 26 Union military units.

The Wikipedia article, New Mexico in the American Civil War, has more information about New Mexico's activities during the war.

Union New Mexico Military Units

Records and Resources

Union

The Family History Library and the National Archives have an index to service records of Union soldiers who served in units from New Mexico (Family History Library films 821883-86), the service records (Family History Library films 471538-83), and the federal indexes to pensioners. The actual pension records are only available at the National Archives.

Service Records
  • The Compiled Service Records ($) (Fold3.com) of volunteer Union soldiers who served in organizations from the Territory of New Mexico are available online. In the future, these records will be made available at no charge through the National Archives web site. The service records are also available at no charge at National Archives research rooms. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see Union Service Records.
Pension Records

Civil War Pension Index Cards - An Index to Pension Applications of veterans who served in the US Army between 1861-1917 is available on FamilySearch. Each card gives the soldier’s name, application and certificate numbers, state of enlistment, and might include rank and death information. The majority of the records are of Civil War veterans, but the collection also includes records for veterans of the Spanish-American War, the Philippine Insurrection, the Indian Wars, and World War I. For more information see Union Pension Records.

1890 Census

1890 Census Veterans Schedules - The "Special Schedules of the Eleventh Census (1890) Enumerating Union Veterans and Widows of Union Veterans of the Civil War" (NARA M123) film 338203 are available online for the state of New Mexico. The schedules list Union veterans and their widows living in New Mexico in 1890. A published index is available (Family History Library book 978.9 X22jv 1890). For more information on the 1890 Veterans Schedules see Union Census Records.

Confederate

Service Records

Compiled Service Records - The Compiled Service Records ($) (Fold3.com) of Confederate soldiers who served in organizations from the Territory of Arizona (included southern half of present day New Mexico) are available online. In the future, these records will be made available at no charge through the National Archives web site. The compiled service records consist of an envelope containing card abstracts taken from muster rolls, returns, pay vouchers, and other records. Service records may provide rank, unit, date of enlistment, length of service, age, place of birth, and date of death. For more information see Confederate Service Records.

Grand Army of the Republic (GAR)

Grand Army of the Republic founded in 1866 - 1956, was the largest veteran’s organization in the country after the Civil War. It was a fraternal organization members were veterans of the Union Army, US Navy, Marines and Revenue Cutler Service who served in the American Civil War. The group supported voting rights for black veterans, and lobbied the U.S. Congress to establish veterans' pensions. In 1890 the membership was 490,000.

In 1888 there were 10 posts and 302 members in the state of New Mexico

GAR Posts in the State of New Mexico


The FamilySearch Catalog list records of the New Mexico Grand Army of the Republic

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 Wikipedia contributors, New Mexico Territory in the American Civil War (accessed 21 July 2011]


 

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  • This page was last modified on 25 July 2014, at 16:12.
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