Ohio County Marriages (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: Ohio County Marriages, 1789-1997 .
This "Ohio County Marriages, 1789-1994" collection consists of index and images of county marriage records within the state of Ohio, acquired from local courthouses. The records consist of:
- Loose documents
- Licenses to perform marriages
The records are generally arranged by:
- County, volume and date
- License number
- Page number
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browse.
The "Ohio, Marriages, 1800-1942" is an index only to selected marriage records throughout Ohio.
County marriage records include the following information:
- Names of bride and groom
- Date and place where license issued
- Date and place of marriage
- Date marriage was recorded
- Name of officiator
Beginning about 1870:
- Ages of bride and groom
- Bride and groom's place of residence
- Bride and groom's place of birth
- Names of parents, including maiden name of mother
- Names of witnesses, if any
- Title of officiator
How to Use the Record
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The name.
- Other identifying information such as a possible marriage date and place.
Search the Collection
To search the collection by name fill in your ancestor’s name in the initial search page. This search will return a list of possible matches. Compare the information about those in the list to what you already know about your own ancestors to determine if this is the correct family or person.
If you did not find the person you were looking for, you may need to search the collection image by image.
⇒Select the "Browse" link in the initial search page
⇒Select the "County"
⇒Select the "Record Type, Year Range, and Volume" which takes you to the images
Look at the images one by one. Again you will need to compare the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine which one is your ancestor. Be aware that with either search you may need to compare the information about more than one person to make this determination.
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
- If your ancestor used an alias or a nickname, be sure to check for those alternate names.
- Even though these indexes are very accurate they may still contain inaccuracies, such as altered spellings, misinterpretations, and optical character recognition errors if the information was scanned.
For tips about searching on-line collections see the on-line video at FamilySearch Search Tips.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. Save a copy of the image or transcribe the information. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details such as a title, an occupation, or land ownership. Add this new information to your records of each family. The information may also lead you to other records about your ancestors.
- Use the marriage date and place as the basis for compiling a new family group or for verifying existing information.
- Use the birth date or age along with the place of birth of each partner to find a couple's birth records and parents' names.
- Use the birth dates or ages along with the place listed to find the family in other records such as census, church, and land records.
- Use the parent’s birth places to find former residences and to establish a migration pattern for the family.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- Occupations listed can lead you to employment records or other types of records such as military records.*The name of the officiator is a clue to their religion or area of residence in the county. However, ministers may have reported marriages performed in other counties.
- Compile the marriage entries for every person who has the same surname as the bride or groom, this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
- Continue to search the marriage records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives of the bride and groom who may have married in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
- Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after the late 1800s.
- There is also some variation in the information given from one marriage record to another record.
- The facts that were current at the time of the marriage, such as marriage date, residence, and so on, were usually accurate, although some misinformation may have been given. Other facts that relied on a person’s memory, such as age or birthplace, were more likely to have been incorrect.
Unable to Find Your Ancestor?
- Check for variant spellings of the surnames.
- Search for the marriage record of the marriage partner if known.
- Check for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume. Local historical and genealogical societies often have indexes to local records.
- Search the records of nearby counties.
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)
General Information About Marriage Records
County marriage records have been kept from about the time the county was formed to the present. The marriages were recorded by clerks of the various courts. In Ohio the probate court usually recorded marriages, although the court of common pleas also recorded some early marriages. In 1949 the state assumed responsibility for recording marriages.
Most marriages in a county were recorded. However, some religious groups may not have reported church marriages to civil authorities. General compliance with the civil registration process increased after civil registration began in 1949.
Known Issues with This Collection
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Contributions to This Article
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Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "Ohio, County Marriages, 1789-1997." Index and images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Probate Courts throughout Ohio.
- "Ohio, Marriages, 1800-1942." Index. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing various county agencies throughout Ohio.
- This page was last modified on 11 December 2014, at 18:00.
- This page has been accessed 25,508 times.