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Contents

History

The Oregon Superintendency of Indian Affairs was established in 1848. After the Superintendency was abolished in1873, the agents reported directly to the Office of Indian Affairs in Washington, DC. Some correspondence continued to be filed under "Oregon" rather than under the names of the individual agencies until 1881, when the filing system was changed.

Tribes and Bands

Umpqua, Umatilla, Cayuse, Wallawalla, Wasco, Shoshoni (Snake), Kalapuya, Clackamas, Rogue River, Warm Springs, Shasta, Klamath, Modoc, Paiute, Tenino, Nez Perce, Molala, Yamel, Joshua, Sixes (Kwatami), Chastocosta, Chetco, and Bannock [1]

Subagent for Country West of the Rocky Mountains

Elijah White 1842 [2]

Governors and Ex Officio Superintendents

Joseph Lane 1848, John P. Gains 1849, Anson Dart 1850, Joel Palmer 1853, Absolom F. Hedges 1856, James W. Nesmith 1857, Edward R. Geary 1859, William H. Rector 1861, J.W. Perit Huntington 1863, Alfred B. Meacham 1869, and T. B. Odeneal 1872 [3]

Agencies

Some of the tribes the Oregon Superintendency served were the Umatilla Indians,Klamath Indians, Klikitat Indians, Cayuse Indians, Walla Walla Indians, Nez Percé Indians, Yakima Indians, Modoc Indians, Shoshoni Indians, Umpqua Indians, Rogue River Indians (Tututni Indians), Clackamas Indians, Spokan Indians, and Skagit Indians. 

The records of the Superintendency concern liquor and Indians, payments and presents to Indians, listings of the various tribes and information about them, agents and their work with the Indians, and other matters involving treatment of Indians and attempts to keep peaceful relationships between them and whites.

Records

Records of the Oregon Superintendent of Indian Affairs, 1848-1873, are at the National Archives and have been microfilmed as their Microcopy Number M2. Copies are also available at the Chicago, San Francisco, and Seattle Regional Archives. This set of microfilm of the records of the Oregon Superintendency is also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers.

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Oregon Superintendency, 1842-1880, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661337 thru 1661360.

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].
  2. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
  3. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o

Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Press, [1974].

Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington [District of Columbia]: U.S. Government Printing Office, 1981.

Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.

Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington, DC:

Sources


 

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  • This page was last modified on 17 January 2013, at 16:52.
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