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Two major groups: Northern Paiute and the Southern Paiute.

Ancestral homelands: Northern Paiute in what is now northwestern Nevada, southeastern Oregon, southwestern Idaho and northeastern California.Southern Paiute in area now western Utah, southern Nevada, northwestern Arizona and southeastern California. Another group live along the Sierra Nevada in southeastern California - the Owen Valley Paiute


Tribal Headquarters

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone

Fallon Band of Paiute-Shoshone
8955 Mission Road
Fallon, Nevada 89406
Telephone: 1-702-423-6075
Local call from the Reno area: 1-323-3780 Fax:1-702-423-5202

Fort McDermitt Paiute

Fort McDermitt Paiute
P.O. Box 457
McDermitt, Nevada 89421
Telephone: 1-702-532-8259

U-tu Utu Gwaitu Paiute

U-tu Utu Gwaitu Paiute Tribe
567 Yellow Jacket Road
Benton, CA 93512
Ph. 1-760-933-2321
Fax 1-760-933-2412


Brief Timeline

  • 1776: Spanish explorers, Francisco Atanasio Dominquez and Silvestre Veles de Escalante
  • 1878: Bannock War
  • 1825: Contact with Jedediah Smith - fur trapper and trader
  • 1827: Peter Skene Ogden- fur trapper and trader
  • 1833: Joseph Walker
  • 1849: Gold discovered in California
  • 1858-1859: Coeur d'Alene War The Northern Paiute were allies of the Coeur d'Alene
  • 1860: Paiute War or Pyramid Lake War
  • 1866-67: Snake War
  • Some members of the tribe Settled on the Malheur Reservation in Oregon
  • 1881- 1888: Paiute Indians in California, Nevada, Oregon and the Territory of Washington, migration to reservations at: Malheur River in Oregona and Fort McDermitt and Pyramid Lake in Nevada.
  • 1888-89: Jack Wilson (Wovoka), a Northern Paiute proclaimed a religion called the Ghost Dance; influeced by Wodziwob of the Walker River Reservation, who began practicing his version of the Ghost Dance in 1870. The Ghost Dance Religion spread to tribes all over the West.
  • 1957: Paiute Indians of Utah terminated, Tribal Membership 232, Tribal land 42,839
  • 1992: population 11,045, (7,323 Northern Paiute; 2,266 Owens Valley Paiute; and 1,456 Southern Paiute)

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Ruth Hermann. The Paiutes of Pyramid Lake. San Jose, CA. Harlan-Young Press, 1972. FHL Book 970.3 P166h


Fort Bidwell Agency

Nevada Agency

Western Navaho

Bishop Agency


Malheur Reservation

Walker River Reservation


Nevada Superintendency

Utah Superintendency

Oregon Superintendency

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Bands and Groups of the Paiute Tribe and Their Reservations/Localities

The term or designation of Paiute Indians is a very broad categorization of several bands and/or federally recognized tribes within the group so named. They are sometimes divided into Northern Paiute and Southern Paiute, and are sometimes grouped together with other tribes such as the Shoshone or Bannock Indians. For the most part, they have historically lived in the Great Basin area, and have ranged from Oregon and Idaho on the north to Arizona and southern California on the south, and from Utah on the east to northern California on the west. Some of the tribes, bands, or groups of Paiutes, with their colonies or reservations, include:



Alphabetical List of Paiute and Washoe Indian Allottees: Carson City Series, and Public Domain Shoshones and Otheers of Elko Series in Nevada. FHL Book 970.1 Al #5

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number




Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number




Paiute Fort Bidwell Agency, 1910-31 San Fransico - - 224-28, 330-34, 640-45

FHL 576492

and 579740-579744

Paiute Nevada Agency, 1886-1905 San Fransico - - 288 FHL 579698-579699

Paiute Western Navajo Agency, 1902-17 Los Angeles - 12, 18-19, 104,137, 149, 167, 199, 227-28, 252,268,288-89, 330-34, 410, 460, 615, 629-48 -



Paiute Bishop Agency, 1916 Washington D.C. - - 2 FHL 573848 Film
Paiute Fallon (Lovelocks) School, 1909-24 San Fransico - - 104, 252 FHL 575796

Vital Records

Important Web Sites




  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published


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  • This page was last modified on 24 May 2012, at 13:08.
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