Potawatomi Indian Agency (Kansas)Edit This Page

From FamilySearch Wiki

United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of Kansas Gotoarrow.png Potawatomi Indian Agency (Kansas)


Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Potawatomi, Kansa

History

The Potawatomi Agency was established in 1851 for the Potawatomi and Kansa Indians. A separate Kansas Agency for the Kansa was established in 1855. By 1871, only the Prairie Band of Potawatomi remained in Kansas, as the rest had moved to Indian Territory.

In 1874, the Kickapoo Agency was consolidated with the Potawatomi Agency. At that time, it was the only agency in Kansas and was often called the Kansas Agency. In 1876, the Chippewa and Munsee were assigned to the Potawatomi Agency. In 1882, the Potawatomi Agency and the Great Nemaha Agency were merged[1].

In 1903, the agency was divided into the Potawatomi Agency (for the Potawatomi) and the Kickapoo (for the Kickapoo, Sauk and Fox, and Iowa). They were again merged as the Kickapoo Agency, 1 July 1919. However, the name was changed to the Potawatomi Agency, 1 January 1921. On 1 April 1927, the Potawatomi was placed under the Haskell Institute, again became independent in January 1935[2].

In 1950, the agency was renamed the Potawatomi Area Field Office. And in 1964, the name was again changed to the Horton Agency, by which it is known today[3].

Agents and Appointment Dates

Luke Lea 1851, Francis W. Lea 1851, John W. Whitfield 1853, Richard C.S. Brown 1854, George W. Clarke 1854, Isaac Winston 1856, William E. Murphy 1857, William W. Ross 1861, Luther R. Palmer 1864, Joel H. Morris 1869, Mahlon H. Newlin 1873, and Henry C. Linn 1878 [4]

Records

Some records for the Potawatomi Agency, for the Potawatomi and Great Nemaha Agency, and for their successors, 1851-1968, are in the Central Plains Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA) in Kansas City[5].

Letters received from the Potawatomi Agency, 1851-1880, are included among Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Idaho Superintendency, filmed by the National Archives as their Microcopy M832, Rolls 678-695[6]. This set of records is also available at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 1661408-1661425).

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Potawatomi Agency, 1873-1879, and for the Potawatomi and Great Nemaha Agency, 1881-1900, are on roll 40 of that Microcopy set[7]. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617713).

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Potawatomi Agency, 1907-1928 and 1935, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Rolls 109-110[8], available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City (their microfilm numbers 1724327-1724328).

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1891-1893, 1895-1919, 1921, 1926, 1935-1940 and 1942. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 392 thru 395[9]. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm numbers 580771-580774). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com subscription web site.

Annuity Pay Rolls 1886-1909. FHL film: 1015902 item 4-7

Census 1891-93, 1895-1919, 1921-26, 1935-40, 1942.FHL film: 580771-580774

Census Records various tribes and years 1901-1930. FHL film: 882982-882983

Land Records (Allotments) 1855-1928. FHL film: 101902-1015903 item 1-8

Probate Heirship Records 1859-1941. FHL film: 1015900 item 9 -1015901

Records of Indians in World War I. FHL film: 1015903 item 9

Register of Employees 1883-1907. FHL film: 1015901 item 3

Vital Records. FHL film: 1015900 items 1-8

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 29-30, 140-141.
  2. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 176-177.
  3. Guide to Archival Holdings, Central Plains Regional Archives of the National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Kansas City, Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs Available online.
  4. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. By Edward E. Hill. Clearwater Publishing Co., New York, NY ©1974. FHL Book 970.1 H551o
  5. Guide to Archival Holdings, Central Plains Regional Archives of National Archives and Records Administration (NARA), Kansas City, Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs Available online.
  6. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M234, p. 8.
  7. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.
  8. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1011, p. 27.
  9. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Marquette University. Guide to Catholic-Related Records in the Midwest about Native Americans.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online
  • "Accompanying Pamphlet for Microcopy 1011", National Archives Microfilm Publications, Appendix.

 

Need additional research help? Contact our research help specialists.

Need wiki, indexing, or website help? Contact our product teams.


Did you find this article helpful?

You're invited to explain your rating on the discussion page (you must be signed in).

  • This page was last modified on 17 January 2013, at 21:38.
  • This page has been accessed 1,630 times.