Randolph County, MissouriEdit This Page

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United States Gotoarrow.png Missouri Gotoarrow.png Randolph County

Guide to Randolph County, Missouri ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Randolph County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded information needed
County Seat Huntsville
Address Randolph County Courthouse
110 S Main Street
Huntsville, MO 65259
Phone: 660.277.4717
Randolph County Website


County Courthouse

County Recorder has marriage and land records;
Clerk Circuit Court has divorce records; Probate
Court has probate records[1]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the MapofUS.org website.

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in Missouri counties see: Missouri Counties with Burned Courthouses


History of Randolph County, Missouri (1920), by Alexander H. Waller, is available free of charge online at Internet Archive.


Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Macon  • Chariton  • Howard  • Boone  • Audrain  • Monroe  • Shelby

Audrain CountyMonroe CountyRandolph CountyCallaway CountyLewis CountySullivan CountyAdair CountySaline CountyChariton CountyLinn CountyMarion CountyShelby CountyMacon CountyLivingston CountyCarroll CountyCooper CountyHoward CountyBoone CountyKnox CountyMORandolph.JPG



City Directories



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Randolph County, Missouri. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • History of Randolph and Macon counties. St. Louis, Missouri : National Historical, 1884.
  • Waller, Alexander H. History of Randolph County, Missouri. Topeka, Kan. : Historical Pub. Co., 1920.
  • Edwards Brothers. An illustrated historical atlas of Randolph County, Missouri. Philadelphia, Pa. : Edwards Brothers of Missouri, 1876.




Civil War
- 4th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company A
:- 4th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company B
:- 4th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry - Confederate, Company C
:- 1st Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
:- 12th Regiment, Missouri Infantry - Confederate, Company G
:- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
:- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
:- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
:- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
:- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
:- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
:- 46th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Detached Company
:- 9th Regiment, Missouri State Militia Cavalry (Union), Company G

Civil War Battles


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Randolph County, Missouri newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.

  • 1837, 1854-1867 - Randolph County Birth Index 1837, 1854-1867. Batch C515651 at FamilySearch - free.[2]
  • 1884 - Randolph County Birth Index 1884. Batch C582473 at FamilySearch - free.[2]
  • 1883-1884 - Randolph County Death Index, Volume A, 1883-1884. Batch B582473 at FamilySearch - free.[2]

Genealogy Societies, Archives and Libraries

Little Dixie Regional Libraries

Monroe and Randolph Counties Library and Technical Center
Local newspaper data and scanned obituary images - click on "genealogy" in the 24 hour Library Resources menu.

Family History Centers