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United States Gotoarrow.png American Indian Research Gotoarrow.png Indians of Louisiana Gotoarrow.png Red River Indian Agency (Louisiana)


Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Caddo, Quapaw, Pascagoula, Apalachee, Biloxi, Koasti, Taensa, Alabama, Shawnee, Delaware, other small bands including roaming Indians from Texas (then part of Mexico)

History

An agency was established in 1804 and was located at Natchitoches. About 1821, the agency was moved to Sulphur Fork in Arkansas Territory and at that time was called the Red River Agency. In 1825, it was moved about 25 miles down-stream to Caddo Prairie. That site was flooded and, as a result, in 1831 it was again moved about 50 miles even further down-stream to Peach Tree (or Orchard) Bluff, on the Bayou Pierre Channel, south of the site of Shreveport, Louisiana.

The agency was most commonly called the Red River Agency, although it was sometimes referred to as the Caddo Agency in Louisiana. The agency was discontinued in 1834 as the Caddo moved to Texas. In 1859, the Caddo Indians moved to the Wichita Agency in Indian Territory. The Quapaw, who once were under the Caddo Agency in Louisiana, eventually moved to their reservation in Indian Territory and were placed under the Neosho Agency. [1]

Records

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Red River Agency, 1824-1830, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Roll 727. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1661457). [2]

Agents and Appointment Dates

John Sibley 1804, Thomas Gales 1814, John Jamison 1816, George Gray 1819, Thomas Griffith 1829, Jehiel Brooks 1830[3]

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 18-19.
  2. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy 234, p. 8, 149
  3. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online

 

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  • This page was last modified on 4 March 2013, at 16:52.
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