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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png Revolutionary War Gotoarrow.png Service Records

Most of the records of the American Army from the Revolutionary War era that were in the custody of the War Department were destroyed by fire in 1800 or in 1814. The War Department's Collection of Revolutionary War Records was begun in 1873 by means of purchase, gifts, or transfers from other agencies.

Contents

Compiled Service Records

The compilation of military service records was begun in 1894, under the direction of the War Department's Record and Pension Office. Information about individual soldiers was meticulously copied onto cards as a means of consolidating information about individuals, as well as preserving the original source documents, including muster rolls, pay rolls, returns, and other records. Notations in the lower left corner of the card abstracts indicate the file or volume number of the original record. The original records and copies of records are available on "Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783" (M246), mentioned below, and "Numbered Record Books Concerning Military Operations and Service, Pay and Settlement of Accounts, and Supplies in the War Department Collection of Revolutionary War Records" (M853).

Other notations on card abstracts sometimes refer to numbers preceded by the letters "R" or "P". These references are to file citations in the general correspondence of the Records and Pension Office of the War Department. The index to it is available as "Index to General Correspondence of the Record and Pension Office, 1889-1904" (M686).[1][2]

Soldiers

The "Revolutionary War Service Records" or "Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War" (NARA M881) (1096 rolls) collection consists of one or more jacket envelopes for each soldier that contain card abstracts of entries relating to that soldier from original records. It contains the service records of soldiers in the Continental Army and other units that fought with them.[1]

See the official 74 page NARA pamphlet explaining these records in detail at M881.pdf.

Online

A wiki article describing the above Familysearch collection is found at:

Libraries

  • Locate these records at a library using Worldcat.

Naval Personnel and others

The "Compiled Service Records of American Naval Personnel and Members of the Departments of the Quartermaster General and the Commissary General of Military Stores Who Served During the Revolutionary War" (NARA M880) (4 rolls). The records are arranged by department and then alphabetically by name.[2]

Online

Libraries

Revolutionary War Rolls

The "Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783" (NARA M246) collection is made up of muster rolls, payrolls, strength returns, and other miscellaneous personnel, pay, and supply records of American Army units from 1775-83.[3] To learn more about the Revolutionary War Rolls see an explanation of the records at Fold3.

See the official 28 page NARA pamphlet explaining these records in detail at M246.pdf.

Online

Libraries

  • Locate these records at a library using Worldcat.

Indexes

  • General Index to Compiled Military Service Records of Revolutionary War Soldiers, Sailors, and Members of Army Staff Departments. NARA M860. (FHL films 88284–98) (Worldcat) Alphabetical index including soldiers, sailors, members of Army staff departments, and civilian employees of the Army and Navy, such as teamsters, carpenters, laundresses, and cooks. For each soldier or civilian, the index lists the name, rank, unit, and profession or office.
  • Index to Revolutionary War Service Records (four volumes) by Virgil D. White (FHL book 973 M22wv) (Worldcat). This is a transcription from film M860 listed above. Entries include name, unit, and rank.


Related Books

State "Military Records" Wiki articles describe published rosters of Revolutionary War soldiers from each colony. The following are additional books listing officers and others:

References

  1. 1.0 1.1 United States. National Archives Microfilm Publications. Pamphlet Describing M881: Compiled Service Records of Soldiers Who Served in the American Army During the Revolutionary War. Washington, National Archives Trust Fund Board, 1976.
  2. 2.0 2.1 United States. National Archives Microfilm Publications. Pamphlet Describing M880: Compiled Service Records of American Naval Personnel and Members of the Departments of the Quartermaster General and the Commissary General of Military Stores Who Served During the Revolutionary War. Washington, National Archives and Records Service, 1975.
  3. United States. National Archives and Records Service. Pamphlet Describing M246: Revolutionary War Rolls, 1775-1783. Washington, D.C., National Archives And Record Service, 1980.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 5 October 2012, at 17:58.
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