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Guide to Rockingham County, North Carolina ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Rockingham County, North Carolina
Map of North Carolina highlighting Rockingham County
Location in the state of North Carolina
Map of the U.S. highlighting North Carolina
Location of North Carolina in the U.S.
Founded 1785
County Seat Wentworth
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Rockingham County, North Carolina Courthouse

Rockingham County Courthouse
371 NC 65 #212 PO Box 56
Wentworth, NC 27375
Phone: 336-342-8820

Courthouse burned 1906
Register of Deeds has marriage records from 1868
Birth and Death records from 1913 Clerk Superio Court has
Probate records from 1804;  Has marriage records 1741-1868 [1] 

Rockingham County, North Carolina History

On December 29, 1785, the North Carolina General Assembly enacted legislation that created Rockingham County from the northern half of the Guilford County. The assembly chose to name the new county for Charles Watson-Wentworth, second Marquess of Rockingham (1730-1782). Rockingham was a leading Whig and was Prime Minister of Britain from 1765 to 1766 and again in 1782. His popularity in America was assured when he secured repeal of the hated Stamp Act in 1766 and led the ministry that initiated negotiations to terminate the Revolutionary War. From 1768 to 1781 he had been the leading Parliamentary opponent of both the government's American policy and the war.

Parent County

Rockingham County North Carolina
371 NC 65 #212 P O Box 56
Wentworth NC 27375

Courthouse burned 1906
reg of Deeds has m rec from 1868, b & d rec
from 1913 & land rec from 1787
Clk Sup Ct has pro rec from 1804
NC Hist Com has m record 1741-1868

1785--Rockingham was from Guilford County.
County seat: Wentworth [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating North Carolina county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation North Carolina County Boundary Maps" (1664-1965) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

Some of the court records are missing. For a list of record loss in North Carolina counties see: North Carolina Counties with Burned Courthouses

Rockingham County, North Carolina Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Rockingham County, North Carolina Genealogy Resources



Rockingham County Cemeteries


For tips on accessing Rockingham County, North Carolina Genealogy census records online, see: North Carolina Census.

Church Records

  • Haw River. Constituted 1793.[3]
  • Matrimony Creek. Constituted 1780.[3]
  • Wolf Island. Constituted 1777.[3]
  • Speedwell Church, near Reidsville, N.C. Organized about 1759.[4]


Rockingham County Courthouse
1086 NC Highway 65
Wentworth, NC 27375-0127

Mail Address:
P. O. Box 127
Wentworth, NC 27375-0127

Phone: (336) 342-8700

The following sites have copies of transcribed Court Records:



Local Histories



Civil War

Civil War Confederate units - Brief history, counties where recruited, etc.

- 13th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry formerly the 3rd Volunteers., Company H
:- 13th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry formerly the 3rd Volunteers., Company I
:- 13th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry formerly the 3rd Volunteers., Company K
:- 14th Regiment, North Carolina Infantry, formerly the 4th Volunteers, Company G
:- 4th Battalion, North Carolina Junior Reserves, Company D
:- 5th Regiment, North Carolina Cavalry (63rd Regiment Volunteers), Company D
:- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Captain George F Fisher's Company
:- 7th Regiment, North Carolina Senior Reserves, Company F



The Rockingham County Clerk of Superior Court's office employs 29 Assistant and Deputy Clerks with over 325 years of combined service. The office is divided into five separate divisions, each of which is administered by an Assistant Clerk. While it is a function of the Office of the Clerk of Superior Court to serve the public in connection with legal matters, employees of the Clerks Office cannot give legal advice. Nonetheless, it is the goal of the Office of Clerk of Superior Court to be as helpful as possible to all persons seeking its services.

The Clerks office is open from 8:00 a.m. until 5:00 p.m. Monday through Friday. The mailing address is P. O. Box 127, 1086 Hwy 65 Wentworth, NC 27375. The telephone number is (336) 342-8700. Payment methods acceptable are cash, money order or cashiers check when paid in person and money order or cashiers check when paid by mail.

The Clerk of the Superior Court has copies of wills, estate records and all records associated with the administration of estates starting from 1772.

The following sites have transcribed copies of Probate Records, some including Wills & Estates:

Research Guides

  • Sweeney, Alice J. "Bassett Historical Center," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 28, No. 4 (Aug. 2002):1-3. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.


Vital Records

Birth Records
Marriage Records
Divorce Records

Societies and Libraries

Richmond Co. Genealogical Society
P. O. Box 1763
Rockingham NC 28380
Richmond County Historical Society

Rockingham County Historical Society
P.O. Box 84
Wentworth 27375
Rockingham County Historical Society website

Rockingham-stokes Counties Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 152
Mayodan 27027

Madison-Mayodan Public Library
611 Burton Street
Madison, NC 27025
Genealogical Society of Rockingham & Stokes County, North Carolina

  • Bassett Historical Center, Bassett, Virginia. Website includes descriptions of collections. Excellent resource for family history research in Henry, Patrick, Floyd, Franklin and Pittsylvania counties in Virginia, the city of Martinsville, Virginia, and Rockingham, Stokes and Surry counties in North Carolina.[6]

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Centers for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.

Rockingham County, North Carolina Genealogy Websites


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Rockingham County, North Carolina. Page 512 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 George Washington Paschal, History of North Carolina Baptists, 2 vols. (1930; reprint, Gallatin, Tenn.: Church History Research and Archives, 1990), 2:567. FHL Book 975.6 K2p 1990.
  4. "Speedwell Church," North Carolina Highway Historical Marker Program,, accessed 22 October 2012.
  5. Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at
  6. Sweeney, Alice J. "Bassett Historical Center," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 28, No. 4 (Aug. 2002):1-3, available online at:


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  • This page was last modified on 11 June 2015, at 22:15.
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