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Guide to Scotland County, Missouri ancestry, family history, and genealogy birth records, marriage records, death records, census records, family history, and military records.

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Online Records

Scotland County, Missouri
Map of the U.S. highlighting Missouri
Location of Missouri in the U.S.
Founded January 29, 1841
County Seat Memphis
Address Scotland County Courthouse
117 S Market Street
Memphis, MO 63555
Phone: 660.465.7027
Scotland County Website


County Courthouse


County Clerk has birth and death records 1883-1889;
Clerk Circuit Court has marriage, divorce, court and
land records from 1841; probate Judge has probate
records from 1841[1]


Parent County

1841--Scotland County was created 29 January 1841 from Lewis County. County seat: Memphis [2]

Boundary Changes

For animated maps illustrating Missouri county boundary changes, "Rotating Formation Missouri County Boundary Maps" (1804-1889) may be viewed for free at the website.

Record Loss

For a list of record loss in Missouri counties see: Missouri Counties with Burned Courthouses


Town/city records in the FamilySearch Catalog

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Adair  • Clark  • Davis County, Iowa  • Knox  • Schuyler  • Van Buren County, Iowa

Scotland CountySchuyler CountyPutnam CountyAdair CountyKnox CountyAdams CountyLewis CountyHancock CountyLee CountyHenderson CountyDes Moines CountyHenry CountyWapello CountyDavis CountyMonroe CountyVan Buren CountyJefferson CountyAppanoose CountyClark CountyMOScotland.JPG




For tips on accessing Scotland County, Missouri Genealogy census records online, see: Missouri Census.


Church records and the information they provide vary significantly depending on the denomination and the record keeper. They may contain information about members of the congregation, such as age, date of baptism, christening, or birth; marriage information and maiden names; and death date. For general information about Missouri denominations, view the Missouri Church Records wiki page.



Land and property records can place an ancestor in a particular location, provide economic information, and reveal family relationships. Land records include: deeds, abstracts and indexes, mortgages, leases, grants and land patents.

See Missouri Land and Property for information about records of land transfers from the government to private ownership. After that transfer, transactions were usually recorded and are currently housed at the county courthouse.

Local Histories

Local histories are available for Scotland County, Missouri Genealogy. County histories may include biographies, church, school and government history, and military information. For more information about local histories, see the Wiki page section Missouri Local Histories.

  • History of Lewis, Clark, Knox and Scotland Counties, Missouri : from the earliest time to the records.... St. Louis : Goodspeed, 1887.
  • "Odds & ends. Scotland County Genealogical Society quarterly newsletter (Missouri) - v. 17-19 (2003-2005) - v. 19, no. 4 (Oct. 2005).




Civil War
- 69th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Milita (Union), Company F
:- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company E
:- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company F
:- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company G
:- 12th Regiment, Missouri Cavalry (Union), Company M
:- 39th Regiment, Missouri Infantry (Union), Company I
:- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A
:- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company B
:- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company C
:- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company D
:- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company H
:- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company I
:- 29th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company L
:- 2nd Provisional Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company L
:- 30th Regiment, Enrolled Missouri Militia (Union), Company A


Additional newspapers abstracts can sometimes be found using search phrases such as Scotland County, Missouri Genealogy newspapers in online catalogs like:


Probate records include wills, bonds, petitions, accounts, inventories, administrations, orders, decrees, and distributions. For further information, see United States Probate Records.

In Missouri, probate records have usually been recorded by the clerks of the probate courts, but in some counties the common pleas or circuit courts handled this function. They are frequently indexed.


Taxes were levied on free white males over 21 and slaves aged 21 to 60. These persons are referred to as "polls." Tax listings, or digests, of a county generally list the taxable landowners and other polls and the amount of tax. The records for each county are divided by militia district. For more information see the wiki page Missouri Taxation.

Vital Records

Vital Records consist of births, adoptions, marriages, divorces, and deaths. For additional guidance on researching and using vital records, see United States Vital Records or How to order Missouri Vital Records.

St. Louis and Kansas City recorded births and deaths starting as early as 1850 for deaths and 1870 for births.  The Missouri Department of Health began keeping birth and death records in 1909. County records vary by year and the county. A copy or an extract of most original records can be purchased from the Missouri Vital Records State Department of Health, the County Clerk's office or order electronically online.


Genealogy Societies, Archives and Libraries

Family History Centers

Family History Centers provide one-on-one assistance and free access to premium genealogical websites. In addition, many centers have free how-to genealogy classes. See Family History Centers for more information. Search the online FHC directory for a nearby family history center.


Scotland County Genealogical Society
P.O. Box 232
Memphis, MO 63555


Scotland County Memorial Library
306 W. Madison
Memphis, Mo 63555
Phone: (660) 465-7042

Web Sites

Sites with online indexes or images of records
Missouri Digital Heritage Free digital images of many types of records from institutions across the State
MOGenWeb Free Data may be submitted by individuals or complete transcriptions
USGenWeb Archives Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Sites that search for links pertaining to Scotland County, Missouri Genealogy
RootsWeb resources Free Data may be submitted by individuals or may be complete transcriptions
Linkpendium Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
CyndisList Free Click links. Some sites they link to may have fees ($)
StateofUS Free family history resources and government records
Major catalogs for hard copy collections of Scotland County, Missouri Genealogy
Books, microfilm, or manuscripts of genealogical records
FamilySearch catalog Select topics. To select towns, add a comma to the search box.
WorldCat To find nearby libraries that have specific items, see WorldCat Online Catalog.
Allen County Public Library located in Indiana They are heavily involved in digitizing.
Missouri State Archives Library catalog; from this page you must search "Scotland County"
See also local libraries and Missouri Archives and Libraries
Social networking sites pertaining to Scotland County, Missouri Genealogy
Google+ Missouri Genealogy Network Community
Facebook list of groups from "Missouri Genealogy" search (including one for Scotland County) Scotland County, MO Genealogy Forum


  1. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), Scotland County, Missouri. Page 405 At various libraries (WorldCat); FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  2. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  3. 3.0 3.1 3.2 3.3 Genealogical Society of Utah, Parish and Vital Records List (July 1998). Microfiche. Digital version at


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  • This page was last modified on 6 April 2015, at 19:06.
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