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The Seminole Agency continues to operate. Its supervisory office in the Bureau of Indian Affairs is the Eastern Area Office.

Contents

Indian Tribes Associated With This Agency

Seminole

History

The Seminole Agency (or Florida Agency) was established in 1822, with a subagency for the Indians of Florida. In 1826, a the Apalachicola Subagency for the Indians along the river of the same name was established. The Seminole Agency located its headquarters on the Seminole Reservation in central Florida. In 1834, the agent for the Seminoles was made Superintend of Emigration, in anticipation of the moving of the Seminoles to Indian Territory. Since not all Seminoles moved to Indian Territory, a subagent was appointed in 1849 for those remaining in Florida.

In 1842, a separate subagency for the western Seminole was established on the Deep Fork of the Canadian River and was moved to the Little River in 1845. Many of the Seminoles of Florida moved to Indian Territory in 1858 and came under the Seminole Agency there, which had become a full agency in 1855. This Seminole Agency was later consolidated into what became the Union Agency in Oklahoma.[1]

The Seminole Indians who remained in Florida had no regularly assigned agent in Florida after 1858, but some individuals were assigned field duties concerning them from time to time.

A special commissioner was assigned to the Seminoles of Florida in 1913, and from that, a permanent Florida Agency evolved.[2]

Agents and Appointment Dates

Gad Humphrey 1822, John Phagan 1830, Wiley Thompson1833[3]

Records

A small amount of general correspondence of the Seminole Agency, 1934-1952, is in the National Archives Southeast Region (Atlanta).[4]

Letters received by the Office of Indian Affairs from the Seminole Agency, 1824-1876, have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M234, Rolls 800-807[5]. Copies are available at the National Archives and at the Family History Library and its family history centers on their microfilm roll numbers 1661530 thru 1661537.

Reports of Inspection of the Field Jurisdictions of the Office of Indian Affairs, 1873-1900 have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of Microcopy Number M1070. The reports for Seminole Agency, 1896-1899, are on roll 24 of that Microcopy set[6]. Copies are available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll number 1617721).

Microfilm copies of ...Narrative and Statistical Reports... for the Mackinac Agency, 1913-1935, are included in National Archives Microcopy M1011, Roll 131[7], available in the National Archives system and in the collections of the Family History Library in Salt Lake City, beginning with their microfilm number 1724349.

Annual Indian Census Rolls were taken at this agency for 1913 thru 1940. These rolls have been microfilmed by the National Archives as part of their Microcopy Number M595, rolls 486-487[8]. Copies of these records are also available at the National Archives, their Regional Archives, and at the Family History Library and its family history centers (their microfilm roll numbers 581946-581947). These census rolls are also available online at Ancestry.com's subscription web site.

Bibliography

  • American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998.
  • Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981.
  • Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974.
  • Historical Sketches for Jurisdictional and Subject Headings Used for the Letters Received by the Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880. National Archives Microcopy T1105.
  • Preliminary Inventory No. 163: Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Services. Available online

References

  1. Hill, Edward E. (comp.). Guide to Records in the National Archives of the United States Relating to American Indians. Washington DC: National Archives and Records Service, General Services Administration, 1981, pp. 182-183.
  2. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 167-168.
  3. Hill, Edward E. The Office of Indian Affairs, 1824-1880: Historical Sketches. New York, New York: Clearwater Publishing Company, Inc., 1974, pp. 167-168.
  4. Guide to Federal Records, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs, Record Group 75. Available online.
  5. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M234, p. 8.
  6. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M1070, p. 48.
  7. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Micropcopy M1011, p. 27.
  8. American Indians: A Select Catalog of National Archives Microfilm Publications. Washington DC: National Archives Trust Fund Board, National Archives and Records Administration, 1998, Microcopy M595, p. 51.

 

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  • This page was last modified on 17 December 2013, at 22:51.
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