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This is an American Indian genealogy guide to records and research strategies for finding an ancestor from the Seminole Tribe. To get started finding American Indian ancestors see also American Indian Research.
Seminole-portraits.jpg


Contents

Basic Facts

The Seminole Tribe is part of the group known as the Five Civilized Tribes: Seminole, Cherokee, Chickasaw, Choctaw, and Creek

Ancestral Homeland: Southeastern United States - Georgia and Florida

Linguistic Group: Muskhogean

Federal Status: Recognized

Leaders: Osceola

Miccosukee Tribe (Seminole) live on the Miccosukee reservation or along the Tamiami Trail

Bands:  Caesar Bruner, Ceyvah, Dosar Barkus, Efvlv, Fushatache, Hecete, Hitchiti, Hvteyievike, Kanchatee, Mekasukey, New Comer, Nvicvp Haco, Oceese, Rewahle, Talahassee, Thlewahlee, Thomas Palmer, Tvsekia Haco, and Wm. Connor. 

Clans:Alligator (Hvlpvtvlke), Bear (Nokusvlke), Beaver (Echaswvlke), Bird (Fuswvlke), Deer (Ecovlke), Fox (Culvlke), Lye Drip, Otter, Panther, Potato (Ahalvlke), raccon (Workvlke), Snake, water Moccasin, and Wind Clan (Hotvlkylke)

1900 Census Roll Blood Bands: Thomas Palmer, Echo Emarthoge, Simon Brown, Yaha Harrjo, Tusekia Harjo, Kinkehe, Thomas Little, Oktiarche, Echoille, Wm. Cooper, Nuthcup Harjo, and Okoske Harjo.

1900 Freedman Bands: Dosar Barkus and Caesar Bruner

Tribal Headquarters

  • Seminole Nation-Indian Territory website

History

Brief Timeline

  • 1817-18: Seminole War; American troops under General Andrew Jackson. Jackson's victory led to Spain selling Florida to the United States.
  • February 22, 1821: Florida became part of the United States.
  • 1823 September 18, Treaty at Fort Moultrie Creek in Territory of Florida, with the Florida Tribes of Indians the tribe gave up 30 million acres of farmland and received .5 million acres in central Florida.
  • 1832 May 9,Treaty at Payne's Landing,Territory of Florida, annuity, removal, land cessions and to remove within three years
  • 1833 Mar 28, Treaty at Fort Gibson Major Phagan to superintend removal
  • 1833 Census (M1831)
  • December 1835 - August 14, 1842: second Seminole War lead byOsceola
  • 1835-1842: An estimated 4,000 Seminole had been removed from Florida. Those removed to Indian Territory (Oklahoma) became the Seminole Nation and one of the Five Civilized Tribes
  • 1836-1837 Census.(M1831)
  • A refugee band of Seminole Negroes removed near the Rio Grande near Eagle Pass, Texas.
  • 1845 January 4, at Creek Agency, with Creeks and Seminole, annuity, rations, removal
  • 1856 August 7, Washington D.C., removal, with the Creeks
  • 1865 Treaty with the Cherokee and other Tribes in Indian Territory
  • 1866 March 21, Washington D.C.
  • 1953: U.S. Congress began a new policy of termination for the Indian tribes. The policy ended the protected trust status of all Indian-owned lands. The BIA began a voluntary urban relocation program. American Indians could move from their rural tribes to a metropolitan area. Many Indians relocated to Chicago, Denver, Los Angeles, San Francisco, San Jose, St. Louis, Cincinnati, Cleveland, Dallas and Seattle.It is estimated that 750,000 Native American migrated to the cities between 1950-1980.
  • 1957: Florida Tribe of Seminole incorporates - federal recognition

Calendar

The Seminole divide their year in to two seasons, summer and winter, the seasons are divide into twelve moons.[1]

Winter

 August 
Heyothlucco 
Big Ripening Moon


 September 
Otauwooskochee 
Little Chestnut Moon


 October 
Otauwooskolucco 
Big Chestnut Moon


 November 
Heewoolee 
Falling Leaf Moon


 December 
Thlaffolucco 
Big Winter Moon


 Janurary 
Thlaffochosee 
Little Winter Moon, alias Big Winter Moon's younger brother


Summer


 February 
Hootahlahasseee 
Windy Moon


 March 
Tausautchoosee 
Little Spring Moon


 April 
Tausautcheelucco 
Big Spring Moon


 May 
Keehassee 
Mulberry Moon


 June 
Kochohassee 
Blackberry Moon


 July 
Hoyeuchee 
Little Ripening Moon

Agencies

Seminole Agency

Union Agency

Reservations

Big Cyprus Reservation

Brighton Reservation

Hollywood Reservation

Miccosukee Reservation

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frederick Webb Hodge, in his Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico, gave a more complete history of the Seminole tribe, with estimations of the population of the tribe at various time periods. Additional details are given in John Swanton's The Indian Tribes of North America.

MacCauley, Clay. Manuscript/Manuscript on film. Letter;statistics on Florida Seminole FHL film 1697438 item 51

MacCauley, Clay The Seminole Indians of Florida, Washington, Government Printing Office, 1887. (Bureau of American Ethnology, 5th Annual Report) pp. 475-538.

Mahon, John K. Letters from the Second Seminole War. The Florida Historical Quarterly, Vol. XXXVI, No. 4 April 1958.

Mahon, John K. History of the second Seminole War, 1835-1842. Gainesville, Florida: University of Florida Press. C 1967. FHL book 970.3 Se52mj

McReynolds, Edwin C. The Seminoles. Norman, University of Oklahoma Press. 1957. {{FHL} 93206|item|disp=FHL book 970.3 Se52m}}


Neill,Wilfred T. The Story of Florida's Seminole Indians. St. Petersburg, FL. Great outdoors, Book 970.3 Se52n for film 908862 item 7

Peithmann, Irvin M. the Unconquered Seminole Indians,St. Peterburg, Florida: Great Outdoors Association. C 1957 FHL book 970.3 Se52pi

Porter, Kenneth W., Alcione M. Amos and Thomas P. Senter. The Black Seminoles:History of a Freedom-Seeking People. Gainesville, Florida: University Press of Florida. C 1996. FHL book 970.3 Se52p

Records

Census Records

1900 Indian Territory, Seminole Nation. Konawa Genealogy Society. FHL book 976.6 X22ks

1900 Census Roll, Certified by Commissioners to be a correct copy of Seminole Indians and Freedman living on the 31 Day of December, 1899. (Refers to tribal enrollment of 1897) Authorized by Section 21 of Curtis Act and Seminole Agreement - 2,752 names on Rolls arranged by Bands, which are: Blood Bands: Thomas Palmer, Echo Emarthoge, Simon Brown, Yaha Harjo, Tusekia Harjo, Kinkehe, Thomas Little, Oktiarche, Echoille, W. Cooper, Nuthcup Harjo, and Okoske Harjo. Freedman Bands: Dosar Barkas and Ceasar Bruner Reference: World Conference on Records and Genealogical Seminar: Historical and Genealogical Records of the Five Civilized Tribes and Other Indian Records. by C. George Younkin


1907 Census of Seminole County, Oklahoma. US Bureau of the Census FHL film 2155575

1930-1940 Indian Census Seminole of Florida:with birth and death records by Jeff Bowen FHL book 970.3 Se52bj also on film Indian Census Rolls, 1885-1940. US Bureau of Indian Affairs - Seminole 1913-1940 FHL 581497-581498

1935 Florida State Census. Florida State Archives. FHL film 2425147 30 microfilm Online

1945 Florida State Census. Florida State Archives. FHL film 242517643 films On Line

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Post - 1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693 Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Seminole Florida Seminole Agency Dania, 1934-52 Atlanta Rolls 486-87 Films:581,496 - 581,497


Cemetery

Seminole Indian Scouts Cemetery. by Jim C. Ames FHL book 976.4 V3s


Correspondence

Tribe Agency Location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence M234

RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL Film Number
Seminole Seminole Agency,1824-76 Washington D.C. Rolls 799-87 1,661,530 - 537
Seminole Union Agency, 1875-80 Washington D.C. Rolls 864-77 1,661,595 - 607
Seminole, Florida Seminole Agency Dania, 1934-52 Atlanta - -

Enrollment

Dawes Commission Enrollment Records for the Five U.S. Indian Tribes


The Family History Library

Applications and Enrollment of the Commission for the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914. - Dawes Commission
Record

Record

Group

NARA #

FHL

First

Film

Rolls
Applications for Enrollment 75 M1301 1439798 468
Applications, Muskogee Area Office M 1650 (RG75) FHL Collection index and applications for four of the Five civilized tribes. Seminole applications not included. 75 M1650 FHL film 1492975 54

Enrollment of the Five Civilized Tribes

75

Original records in Muskogee, Oklahoma

1022497

-

Enrollment Cards 75 M1186 1490261 93
Index to Letters received by commission 75 M1314 1694814

23



Five Civilized Tribes and the Dawes Commission- Cherokee, Choctaw, Chickasaw, Creek, and Seminole (Delaware adopted by Cherokee)
Tribe

Record

Group

NARA #

FHL

First

Film

Rolls

Seminole

  • Applications for enrollment-first film: FHL film 1492975}} first film

Enrollment-first film: FHL Collection

Final rolls-first film: 830230

48 T529 1492975 11

On Line

Dawes Enrollment Applications

"Applications for Enrollment of the Commission to the Five Civilized Tribes, 1898-1914" (M1301). National Archives Catalog ID: 617283. Also known as "Dawes Enrollment Applications", "Dawes Enrollment Jackets" and "Dawes Packets" and "Land Allotment Jackets".

Other References

Ernest, John E. The Complete Seminole. Clearfield Co. by Genealogical Publishing Co., Baltimore, MD 2012 ISBN 978-08063-5608-2 and FHL Collection

Freedman

African and Seminoles: From Removal to Emancipation by Daniel F. Littlefield. FHL Collection

The Black Seminoles: History of a Freedom Seeking People. By Kenneth W. Porter. FHL book 970.3 Se52p

Indian Pioneer Papers

In 1936, the Oklahoma Historical Society and University of Oklahoma requested a writer's project grant from the Works Progress Administration (WPA) in which interviews would be conducted with early settlers in Oklahoma who had lived on Indian land. More than 100 writers conducted over 11,000 interviews and were asked to "call upon early settlers and (record) the story of the migration to Oklahoma and their early life here."[2] The University of Oklahoma Western History Collection has digitized the Indian Pioneer Papers which consists of approximately 80,000 indexed entries arranged alphabetically by personal name, place name, or subject. [3] An index to the Indian Pioneer Papers may also be found at OkGenWeb Oklahoma Genealogy. A separate index of Indians interviewed may be viewed at: “Indians in the Indian Pioneer Papers” The interview of Willie Larney includes information about the Seminoles in Oklahoma.Family History Library microfiche number: 6,016,865 (first microfiche number)

Military Records

Headquarters Records of Fort Gibson, Indian Territory 1830-1857 FHL Collection

The Union Indian Brigade in the Civil War by Wiley Britton FHL Collection

Register of Deceased Veterans, Florida. Works Projects Administration FHL 0006716

Indian Scouts

Enlistment Records of Indian Scouts who Served in the Scout Detachments at Fort Clark, Texas. by Donald A. Swanson. FHL fook 976.4 M2sd

Seminole Negro Scouts

Military actions involving Seminole Negro Scouts

25 April 1875 Eagle Nest, Crossing Pecos River, Texas, Seminole Negro Scouts under the direction of Lt. J. L. Bullis, 24th Infantry

1 April 1877 Rio Grande (near Devil's River, Texas, Seminole Negro Scouts under the direction of Lt. J. L. Bullis, 24th Infantry

1 November 1877 Rio Grande (Big Bend of) Texas, Seminole Negro Scouts,under the direction of Lt. J. L. Bullis, 24th Infantry

3 May 1881 Sierra Burras Mountains, Mexico Seminole Negro Scouts,under the direction of Lt. J. L. Bullis, 24th Infantry

Source: Chronological List of Actions, &C., With Indians, From January 1, 1866, to January, 1891. Adjutant General's Office. WorldCat

School Records

Mekusukey Academy Seminole Nation (some text is written in Seminole) FHL Collection

Removal

The Indian Removal Act was signed May 26, 1830 by President Andrew Jackson. The Act initiated a policy of removal of American Indians tribes living east of the Mississippi River to land west of the river.

Nation

Removal

Treaty

Years of Emigration

Population

Before Removal

Number

Emigrated

Deaths

Number

stayed in Southeast

Information of Interest

Seminole


Leaders:

Gen. Duncan L. Clinch,

Lt. Joseph W. Harris

Lt. George G. Meade,

Col. Zachary Taylor,

Col. Ethan Allen Hitchcock,

Lt. William Tecumseh Sherman,

Lt. Jefferson Van Horne,

Capt. Pitcairn Morrison,

Agent Wiley Thompson,

Payne's Landing May 9,1832

Tribal Leaders:

Eaconchattemicco

John Blunt (band went to Texas), Charley Emathla, Holahte Emathla,

Jumper, Micanope,

Alligator, Little Cloud,

Abraham (Negro),

Osceola (Powell),

Davey Elliott, John Yellowhair,

Nocoseohola, Halek Tustenuggee,

Cooacoochee(Wild Cat) son of King Phillip






1832-1842








1856 Elias Rector Superintendent of Indian Affairs, S.M. Rutherford and W.H. Garret, had the Florida Everglades searched and 165 Seminole's removed to Indian Territory





5,000 and Fugitive Slaves





















2,833























382























250-500























900 Indians from Shawnee, Delawares, Kickapoo, Sauk and Foxes, Choctaw, and Creek recruited to hunt the Seminole

Deaths from measles

Left Florida and crossed the Gulf of Mexico into New Orleans

School Records

Mekusukey Academy (Oklahoma) Seminole Nation. Some of the t ext is written in Seminole. FHL film 1666130 6 films

Treaties

  • 1823 September 18, at Moultrie Creek in Territory of Florida, with the Florida Tribes of Indians
  • 1832 at Payne's Landing,Territory of Florida, annuity, removal, and land cessions
  • 1833 Mar 28, at Fort Gibson
  • 1845 January 4, at Creek Agency, with Creeks and Seminole, annuity, rations, removal
  • 1856 August 7, Washington D.C., removal, with the Creeks
  • 1865 with the Cherokee and other Tribes in Indian Territory
  • 1866 March 21, Washington D.C.

Vital Records

Florida Combined Death Index, 1877-1969. Florida Dept. of Health. FHL fiche 6081769 305 fiche

Family History Library

The FamilySearch Catalog has over 280 records of interest for the Seminole Indians

Important Web Sites


References

  1. A Seminole Source Book.Edited by William C. Sturtevant. Garland publishing, Inc., New York and London C. 1987 FHL book 970.3 Se52s
  2. Blackburn, Bob L. "Battle Cry for History: The First Century of the Oklahoma Historical Society." n.d. Oklahoma Historical Society. 5 Oct. 1998.
  3. The University of Oklahoma Western History Collections http://digital.libraries.ou.edu/whc/pioneer/


Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Lennon, Rachal Mills. Tracing Ancestors Among the Five Civilized Tribes; Southeastern Indians Prior to Removal. Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 2002. FHL Book 970.1 L548t.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published

See also:


 

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  • This page was last modified on 29 September 2014, at 14:28.
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