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Seneca chief -Cornplanter by F. Bartoli, 1796

Ancestral Homeland: Seneca Lake to Allegheny River now in western New York

One of the Iroquois Nations- largest tribe

Prominent Leaders: Cornplanter (Ayentwahga, John O'Bail), Red Jacket (Sagoyewatha), Ely Parker

Contents

Tribal Headquarters

Seneca Nation of New York

P.O. Box 231

Salamanca, NY 14779

Phone: 1-716-945-1790

Fax: 1-716-945-1565

The Senca Nation Official Website

History

Brief Timeline

  • 1775-1783: Fought with British during the Revolutionary War
  • 1831: Ceded land removed to Indian Territory
  • 1838: Treaty of Buffalo Creek the tribe lose their New York Reservations
  • 1842: Regained the Cattaraugus and Allegheny Reservations
  • 1848: Become Seneca Nation of Indians
  • 1857: Repurchase the Tonawanda and Buffalo Creek lands using money they had for relocation to Kansas.
  • 1869, Quakers establishe the Seneca Indian School at Wyandotte, Oklahoma. (school cloesd in 1980)

Additional References to the History of the Tribe

Frank J. Lankes. An outlineof West Seneca History. West Seneca, NY. West Seneca Historical Society. 1962. FHL Book 970.1 Al #49

Frank J. Lankes. Reservation Supplement: A Collection of Memoabilia related to Buffalo Creek Reservation. West Seneca, NY 1966. (Cayuga, Onondaga Indians)  FHL Book 970.1 Al #50

Arthur Parker. Red Jacket: Last of the Seneca. Washington, Library of Congress  FHL Film 1009057 item 2

Reservations

Three State Reservations:

Tonawanda Band of Seneca Reservation near Akron, New York

Six Nations Reserve, Ontario

Seneca-Cayuga Tribe hold land in Ottawa County, Oklahoma

Records

Correspondence and Census

Tribe Agency location of Original Records

Pre-1880 Correspondence

M234 RG 75 Rolls 962

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Post-1885 Census

M595 RG 75 Rolls 693

Roll Number

FHL

Film

Number

Seneca, Indian Territory Miami (Quapaw) Agency, 1870-1952 Washington D.C. and Fort Worth Rolls 702-13 - Rolls 410-16, 487-89 Films: 581405-581411
Seneca, New York Six Nations Agency, 1824-34 Washington D.C. Rolls 582-97 - Rolls 290-300, 488-89 Films: 579700-579709
Seneca, Ohio Piqua and Ohio Agencies, 1831-43 Washington D.C. Rolls 600-03 - -
Seneca, Indian Territory Neosho Agency, 1837-71 Washington D.C. Rolls 529-37 - -

Treaties

  • 1784 October 22, at Fort Harmar
  • 1789 January 9, at Fort Harmar
  • 1792 April 23, with the Five Nations of Indians
  • 1794 November 11, at Konondaigua
  • 1797 September 15, on Genesee River
  • 1802 June 30, at Buffalo Creek
  • 1802 June 30,
  • 1814 July 22, at Greenville
  • 1815 September 8, at Spring Wells
  • 1817 September 29, on the Miami
  • 1818 September 17, at St. Mary's
  • 1823 September 3, unratified
  • 1831 February 28, at Washington
  • 1831 July 20, at Lewistown
  • 1832  December 29, at Seneca Agency
  • 1835 August 24, at Camp Holmes
  • 1838 January 15, at Buffalo Creek, with New York Indians
  • 1842 May 20, at Buffalo Creek
  • 1857 November 5,
  • 1865 September 13, at Fort Smith - unratified
  • 1867 February 23, at Washington

Vital Records

  • Quapaw Agency, M595, births and deaths 1924-1932, FHL | Film: 581408

Important Web Sites

Seneca History -- from Seneca Nation website -- http://www.senecaindian.com/seneca_tribal.htm

Seneca History -- Wikipedia article -- http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Seneca_nation

Seneca Tribal History -- from Handbook of American Indians... by Frederick Webb Hodge -- http://www.accessgenealogy.com/native/tribes/seneca/senecahist.htm

Seneca History -- from Catholic Encyclopedia -- http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/13714a.htm

References


Bibliography

  • Guide to Federal Records in the National Archives; Record Group 75, Records of the Bureau of Indian Affairs.
  • Hodge, Frederick Webb. Handbook of American Indians North of Mexico. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1906 Available online.
  • Klein, Barry T., ed. Reference Encyclopedia of the American Indian. Nyack, New York: Todd Publications, 2009. 10th ed. WorldCat 317923332; FHL book 970.1 R259e.
  • Malinowski, Sharon and Sheets, Anna, eds. The Gale Encyclopedia of Native American Tribes. Detroit: Gale Publishing, 1998. 4 volumes. Includes: Lists of Federally Recognized Tribes for U.S., Alaska, and Canada – pp. 513-529 Alphabetical Listing of Tribes, with reference to volume and page in this series Map of “Historic Locations of U.S. Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Canadian Native Groups” Map of “Historic Locations of Mexican, Hawaiian and Caribbean Native Groups” Maps of “State and Federally Recognized U.S. Indian Reservations. WorldCat 37475188; FHL book 970.1 G131g.
Vol. 1 -- Northeast, Southeast, Caribbean
Vol. 2 -- Great Basin, Southwest, Middle America
Vol. 3 -- Arctic, Subarctic, Great Plains, Plateau
Vol. 4 -- California, Pacific Northwest, Pacific Islands
  • Sturtevant, William C. Handbook of North American Indians. 20 vols., some not yet published. Washington, DC: Smithsonian Institution, 1978– .
Volume 1 -- Not yet published
Volume 2 -- Indians in Contemporary Society (pub. 2008) -- WorldCat 234303751
Volume 3 -- Environment, Origins, and Population (pub. 2006) -- WorldCat 255572371
Volume 4 -- History of Indian-White Relations (pub. 1988) -- WorldCat 19331914; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.4.
Volume 5 -- Arctic (pub. 1984) -- WorldCat 299653808; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.5.
Volume 6 -- Subarctic (pub. 1981) -- WorldCat 247493742; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.6.
Volume 7 -- Northwest Coast (pub. 1990) -- WorldCat 247493311
Volume 8 -- California (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 13240086; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.8.
Volume 9 -- Southwest (pub. 1979) -- WorldCat 26140053; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.9.
Volume 10 -- Southwest (pub. 1983) -- WorldCat 301504096; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.10.
Volume 11 -- Great Basin (pub. 1986) -- WorldCat 256516416; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.11.
Volume 12 -- Plateau (pub. 1998) -- WorldCat 39401371; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.12.
Volume 13 -- Plains, 2 vols. (pub. 2001) -- WorldCat 48209643
Volume 14 -- Southeast (pub. 2004) -- WorldCat 254277176
Volume 15 -- Northwest (pub. 1978) -- WorldCat 356517503; FHL book 970.1 H191h v.15.
Volume 16 -- Not yet published
Volume 17 -- Languages (pub. 1996) -- WorldCat 43957746
Volume 18 -- Not yet published
Volume 19 -- Not yet published
Volume 20 -- Not yet published

 

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  • This page was last modified on 14 June 2013, at 20:10.
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