South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes (FamilySearch Historical Records)Edit This Page
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|This article describes a collection of historical records available at FamilySearch.org.|
Access the records: South Carolina Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977 .
This collection includes wills, records of estates and guardianships recorded by the counties of South Carolina. Although the inclusive dates span a larger year range, most of the records fall between the year 1800 through 1930.
For a list of records by localities and dates currently published in this collection, select the Browselink from the collection landing page.
Probate records include petitions, inventories, accounts, decrees, oaths of executors, forms about guardians and other court documents. Information usually found in the records includes:
- Name of testator or deceased
- Names of heirs such as spouse, children, and other relatives or friends
- Names of witnesses
- Residence of testator
- Lists of belongings, property, and so forth
- Document and recording dates. (Sometimes the date of death will be given. Recording dates are also used to approximate event dates, i.e. a letter of administration was usually written shortly after the time of death.)
How to Use the Record
To begin your search it is helpful to know:
- The name of the deceased.
- The place of residence.
- The approximate death or probate date.
Search the Collection
To search the collection, ⇒Select "Browse through images" on the initial collection page
⇒Select the Name of the "County"
⇒Select the "Volume Title and Year" which takes you to the images.
Look at the images one by one comparing the information with what you already know about your ancestors to determine if the image relates to them. You may need to look at several images and compare the information about the individuals listed in those images to your ancestors to make this determination.
As you are searching it is helpful to know such information as your ancestor’s given name and surname, some identifying information such as residence and age, and family relationships. Remember that there may be more than one person in the records with the same name as your ancestor and that your ancestor may have used nicknames or different names at different times.
Using the Information
When you have located your ancestor’s record, carefully evaluate each piece of information given. These pieces of information may give you new biographical details that can lead you to other records about your ancestors. Add this new information to your records of each family. For example:
- Use probate records to identify heirs and relatives.
- Use the document (such as the will) or the recording dates to approximate a death date.
- Use the information in the probate record to substitute for civil birth and death records since the probates exist for an earlier time period.
- Use the birth date or age along with the residence or place of birth of the deceased to locate census, church, and land records.
- Use the occupations listed to find employment records or other types of records such as military records.
Tips to Keep in Mind
- Probate records may contain information about adoptions or guardianship of any minor children and dependents.
- They may contain information about land transactions.
- Compile the entries for every person who has the same surname as the deceased, this is especially helpful in rural areas or if the surname is unusual.
- Continue to search the records to identify children, siblings, parents, and other relatives who may have died in the same county or nearby. This can help you identify other generations of your family or even the second marriage of a parent. Repeat this process for each new generation you identify.
- When looking for a person who had a common name, look at all the entries for the name before deciding which is correct.
- Wills are more likely to be found in rural communities than in larger cities and industrial areas.
- The information in the records is usually reliable, but depends upon the reliability of the deceased or the testator.
- Earlier records may not contain as much information as the records created after 1900.
- There is also some variation in the information given from one record to another record.
Unable to Find Your Ancestor?
- Look for variant spellings of the names. You should also look for nicknames and abbreviated names.
- Check for an index. There are often indexes at the beginning of each volume.
- Search the indexes and records of nearby counties.
General Information About These Records
Probate records are court documents and include all documents related to estate settlement including:
- Inventories and appraisals
- Accounts and receipts
- Oaths of executors
- Administrations and minutes
Most probate records were created on a county level. The contents of probate records vary greatly depending on the prevailing law and the personality of the record keeper.
Probate records fall into two general categories, wills and estate papers. Most records mention the names of heirs and frequently specify how those heirs are related. Names of children may be given, as well as married names of daughters. Probate records may not give an exact death date, but a death most often occurred within a few months of the date of probate.
Probate records are used to legally dispose of a person’s estate after his or her death. The probate process transfers the legal responsibility for payment of taxes, care and custody of dependent family members, liquidation of debts, and transfer of property title. The transfer is to an executor or executrix if the deceased had made a will, to an administrator or administratrix if the deceased had not made a will, or to a guardian or conservator if the deceased had heirs under the age of twenty-one or if heirs were incompetent due to disease or disability.
The death date, residence, and other facts that were current at the time of the probate proceeding are quite reliable, though there is still a chance of misinformation. The records may omit the names of deceased family members and those who have previously received an inheritance, or the spouse mentioned may not be the parent of the children mentioned.
For a summary of this information see the wiki article: United States, How to Use the Records Summary (FamilySearch Historical Records)
|FHL Place United States, South Carolina items or FHL Keyword South Carolina items in the FamilySearch Library Catalog. For other libraries (local and national) or to gain access to items of interest, see South Carolina Archives and Libraries.|
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Citation for This Collection
The following citation refers to the original source of the information published in FamilySearch.org Historical Record collections. Sources include the author, custodian, publisher and archive for the original records.
- "South Carolina, Probate Records, Bound Volumes, 1671-1977." Images. FamilySearch. http://FamilySearch.org : accessed 2013. Citing Department of Archives and History, Columbia.
- This page was last modified on 16 September 2014, at 18:15.
- This page has been accessed 8,757 times.
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