South Dakota Censuses Existing and LostEdit This Page

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United States  South Dakota  Census Existing and Lost

South Dakota (Dakota Territory 1861-1889) state, territorial, and colonial censuses[1][2][3]
Exact Date Population Schedules Veterans/ Pensioners Slave Owners Mortality Agricultural Industrial/ Manufacturers Defective Indian[4]
1940 Apr 1 Public release in 2012 - - - - - - -
1930 Apr 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1920 Jan 1 Exist - - - - - - -
1910 Apr 15 Exist - - - - - - Exist
1900 Jun 1 Exist - - - - - - Exist
1890 Jun 2 Lost, except 1 family in Union County Exist - - - - - -
1885 Jun 1 Partial[5] Exist - Exist Exist Exist - -
1880 Jun 1 Exist - - Exist Exist Exist Exist -
1870 Jun 1 Exist - - Lost Lost Lost - -
1860 Jun 1 Exist[6] - - Exist Lost Lost - -
1850 Jun 1 No residents as part Minnesota Terr.[7] - - - - - - -
1840 Jun 1 No residents as part of Iowa Terr.[8] No residents[9] - - - - - -
1836 Not taken as part of Wisconsin Terr.[10] - - - - - - -

Sources and Notes

  1. Anne Bruner Eales, and Robert M Kvasnicka, ed., Guide to Genealogical Research in the National Archives of the United States, 3d ed. (Washington, D.C.: NARA, 2000), 39.
  2. William Thorndale, and William Dollarhide, Map Guide to the U.S. Federal Censuses, 1790-1920 (Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing, 1987), 306-13.
  3. William Dollarhide, The Census Book: A Genealogists Guide to Federal Census Facts, Schedules and Indexes (Bountiful, Utah: Heritage Quest, 1999), 104.
  4. Only for Indian schedules taken along with Federal population schedules.
  5. Census population schedules exist for less than half the 1885 Dakota Territory counties, and of these 20 are in South Dakota: Beadle, Butte, Charles Mix, Edmunds, Fall River, Faulk, Hand, Hanson, Hutchinson, Hyde, Lake, Lincoln, Marshall, McPherson, Moody, Roberts, Sanborn, Spink, Stanley, and Turner counties.
  6. People living in what is now South Dakota in 1860 were enumerated in (1) the "unorganized" part of the Dakota Territory census east of the Missouri River, together with several locales on the west shore of the Missouri River (at Dirtville, Fort Lookout, Fort Pierre, Old Cedar Fort, Old Fort George )and (2) Ft. Randall (now Gregory County) was enumerated as part of the "unorganized county" of the Nebraska Territory census west of the Missouri River.
  7. No white residents are believed to have existed in 1850 South Dakota. Residents of what is now South Dakota, theoretically would have been included as part of the 1850 census of Minnesota Territory." See Thorndale and Dollarhide, pages 114, 170, and 259.
  8. No white residents are believed to have existed in 1840 South Dakota. Residents of what is now South Dakota, theoretically would have been included as part of the 1840 census of Iowa Territory in then "Clayton County." See Thorndale and Dollarhide, pages 114, 170, and 259.
  9. Only one resident of Clayton County (the county that theoretically included North and South Dakota) is listed as a veteran pensioner, John Lepper, age 79. He most likely lived in present-day northwestern Iowa, or southern Minnesota. See Thorndale and Dollarhide, pages 114, 170, and 259.
  10. No white residents are believed to have existed in 1836 South Dakota. Residents of what is now South Dakota, theoretically would have been included as part of the 1936 Wisconsin Territory. Apparently the Wisconsin governor chose to ignore them, if any, and did not ask a sheriff to conduct a census in what is now South Dakota. See Reuben Gold Thwaites, "The Territorial Census for 1836" in Collections of the State Historical Society of Wisconsin 13: 248-49 (Madison, Wis.: Democrate Printing, 1895)[FHL Film 1293922 item 2].


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