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Timeline of Historical Events

  • 1291 Foundation of the Swiss Confederation
  • 1484-1531 Swiss Reformation began in Zurich
  • Early 1500’s First church records begin
  • 1535 Anabaptist and Mennonite movements after 1535 began in the rural areas
  • 1536 Jean Calvin came to Geneva and reformation began there
  • 1545-1563 Catholic Counter Reformation
  • 1618-1648 30 Years’ War, Swiss confederacy remains peaceful
  • 1656, 1712 Civil Wars caused by religious strife
  • 1803-1815 Civil War brings Helvetic Republic to an end and Napoleon confirms Switzerland’s borders and its perpetual neutrality
  • 1815-1830 Loose confederacy reestablished with 22 cantons
  • 1817 Emigration of 3000 Swiss people for North and South America
  • 1838 Church records have standardized columnar entries
  • 1874  Marriages, birth and death certificates are controlled by state authorities instead of the church
  • 1874 Jesuit order is banned from Switzerland until 1973
  • 1882-83 13,500 Swiss emigrate to US, Argentina, Canada and Brasil
  • 1914-1918 World War I, Swiss neutrality
  • 1918-1933 Economic crisis and inner conflicts
  • 1918 Women allowed to vote
  • 1933-1939 Hitler seen as a danger to Swiss independence
  • 1939-1945 World War II, Swiss neutrality
  • 1979 Canton Jura separates from Canton Bern

 

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  • This page was last modified on 29 July 2009, at 03:20.
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