United States Census 1820Edit This Page

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United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Census Gotoarrow.png 1820 Census

Contents

Content

The 1820 Census was taken beginning 7 August 1820, for thirteen months. The following information, in addition to the name of the head of the household, was recorded by the census taker:

White Inhabitants

  • Free White Males under 10
  • Males 10-16
  • Males 16-18
  • Males 16-26
  • Males 26-45
  • Males 45 and over
  • Females same, but no 16-18

Slave Inhabitants

  • Slave Males under 14
  • Slave Males 14-26
  • Slave Males 26-45
  • Slave Males 45 and over
  • Slave Females same as Males

Free Colored Inhabitants

  • Free Colored Males under 14
  • Free Colored Males 14-26
  • Free Colored Males 26-45
  • Free Colored Males 45 and over
  • Free Colored Females same as Males

Additional Information

  • "All other persons except Indians not taxed"
  • Foreigners not naturalized
  • Occupational categories: Agriculture, Commerce, and Manufacturing

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

Value

Use the 1820 Census to:

  • Identify locality
  • Distinguish target family from others of same name
  • Help determine family size
  • Locate possible relatives with same name
  • Identify neighbors
  • Identify slaveholders
  • Identify name variations
  • Free men of color listed as head of household
  • Slaves in age group by name of owner
  • Naturalization column may indicate length of residency in U.S. to find papers

1790-1840 Search Tips:  http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html

Unique Features and Problems

  1. Breaks down the male group, 16-26, into two groups.
  2. Lists the number of persons not naturalized
  3. Occupation (agriculture, commercial, manufacture)
  4. African Americans are placed in separate groups: Free or slave
  5. Ages for the African Americans are broken into categories
  6. No printed form or paper provided
  7. Indians not taxed are not included

States and Territories Covered

States

                States Covered               States Missing
Alabama (part)
Connecticut
Delaware
District of Columbia
Georgia (most)
Illinois
Indiana
Kentucky
Louisiana
Maine
Maryland
Massachusetts
Mississippi
New Hampshire
New York
North Carolina
Ohio
Pennsylvania
Rhode Island
South Carolina
Tennessee (part)
Vermont
Virginia (inc. West Virginia)
New Jersey

Territories

  • Arkansas
  • Florida
  • Michigan
  • Missouri
  • Oregon (also a part of Britain)

Missing Records

Where to Find the Records

The 1820 Federal Census is available online.

Online

Web Sites

1790-2000 Info: http://www.census.gov/prod/2000pubs/cff-2.pdf

1790-1840 Search Tips: http://www.archives.gov/research/census/1790-1840.html

References

1. Szucs, Loretto Dennis and Sandra Hargreaves Luebking. The Source: A Guide book to American Genealogy. 3rd ed. (Provo, UT: Ancestry, 2006.)



United States Census Population Schedules 1820 (FamilySearch Historical Records)


 

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  • This page was last modified on 3 July 2014, at 13:41.
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