United States Civil War 1861 to 1865, Part 1Edit This Page

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The compiled service records for Confederate soldiers are 100% complete on Fold3. All records are indexed and linked to digital images. Fold3 is available for free at some libraries. See more...

United States Gotoarrow.png U.S. Military Gotoarrow.png US Civil War

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The American Civil War began on 12 April 1861 when troops in South Carolina fired on Fort Sumter in Charleston Harbor. Also called the "War between the States" and the "War of Secession", the Civil War lasted until 1865. Approximately 3.5 million soldiers fought in the war resulting in almost 600,000 deaths.

Best Sources

Getting Started with Civil War Research

Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System of the National Park Service is a free Internet index of both Union and Confederate service records.

The database contains approximately 6.3 million names (some names are duplicated because of spelling variations and multiple enlistments) covering 3.5 million soldiers. The database tells whether the soldier was Union or Confederate and gives regiment and rank.

The Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System index was compiled in cooperation with the National Archives, the Federation of Genealogical Societies, the Genealogical Society of Utah. Numerous volunteers worked together to make a computerized index to Union and Confederate soldiers.

State Civil War Records

States in 1861

Status of the States 1861.png
Northern States (blue)


Southern States (red)
Seceded before
15 Apr 1861

Southern States (orange)
Seceded after
15 Apr 1861


Slave States which did not secede
(yellow)


States not yet formed or which were territories in 1861 (grey)


Research Tools

  • Civil War Soldiers and Sailors System is searchable by soldier's name and state. It contains basic facts about soldiers on both sides of the Civil War, a list of regiments, descriptions of significant battles, sources of the information, and suggestions for where to find additional information.
  • New York Public Library, "USSC Civil War Soldiers Inquiry Database" on the U.S. Sanitary Commission collection of records of over 9,000 sick, wounded, or missing Union servicemen to answer inquiries from their relatives.
  • Hall, Richard. Patriots in diguise : women warriors of the Civil War. (New York, New York : Marlowe & Co., c1993, 1994), FHL book 973 H2haL.
  • Pompey, Sherman Lee. Civil War veteran burial listings. (Long Beach, California : Southern California Genealogical Society, c1965), FHL book 973 M2pos.

Wiki articles describing online collections are found at

Ethnic Groups

Major Sites with Digitized Records

Many Civil War records have been digitized and indexed on various Internet sites. Check the lists showing many of the digitized records on FamilySearch, Ancestry, and Fold3.

Battles

For lists and descriptions of the various Civil War battles, click the following links:



 

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  • This page was last modified on 29 September 2014, at 22:49.
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