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Eastern New York and western Massachusetts/Connecticut had a network of interconnected roads that helped the people of New England and New York City to reach central New York.

New York main routes west moving New Englanders into central New York (listed north to south)

  • New York feeders from Massachusetts / Connecticut connected to NY main routes west
  • Rensselaer and Columbia Turnpike  from Massachusetts 10th Turnpike  at New Lebanon, NY (Pittsfield, MA) to Rensselaer, NY (Albany, NY); opened 1799; now US-20.[5]
  • Hillsdale and Chatham Turnpike  from the Alford and Egremont Turnpike  at Alford, MA to Albany, NY; opened 1805.[5] [9]
  • Columbia Turnpike  from the Massachusetts 12th Turnpike  and Great Barrington and Alford Turnpike  at Hillsdale, NY (Egremont, MA) to Hudson, NY (Catskill, NY); opened 1799; now NY-23.[5]
  • Ancram Turnpike  from the Salisbury and Canaan Turnpike  at Millerton, NY to Catskill, NY; opened 1805; now NY-82.[10]
  • Ulster and Delaware Turnpike  from the Salisbury and Canaan Turnpike  at Millerton, NY (Salisbury, CT) to Rhinebeck, NY (Kingston, NY), continuing west to the Catskill Turnpike at Bainbridge, NY; opened 1802; now NY-199.[5] [10]
  • Massachusetts feeders connected to New York feeders
  • Massachusetts 10th Turnpike  from Connecticut Turnpike  at Sandisfield, MA to the Rensselaer and Columbia Turnpike  at Hancock, MA (New Lebanon, NY); toll booths open 1800 to 1854; now US-202 and US-20.[11]
  • Housatonic River Turnpike  from the Massachusetts 10th Turnpike  to the Rensselaer and Columbia Turnpike  at West Strockbridge, MA (Hillsdale, NY); toll booths open 1809 to 1853; now in part MA-102.[12]
  • Alford and Egremont Turnpike  from the Massachusetts 12th Turnpike  at Egremont, MA to the Hillsdale and Chatham Turnpike  at Alford, MA (Hillsdale, NY); toll booths open 1812 to 1842; now MA-71.[13]
  • Great Barrington and Alford Turnpike  from the Massachusetts 15th Turnpike  at Great Barrington, MA to the Columbia Turnpike  at Alford, MA (Hillsdale, NY); toll booths open from 1812 to 1846; now MA-23.[14]
  • Massachusetts 12th Turnpike  from Sheffied, MA (North Canaan, CT) to the Columbia Turnpike  at Egremont, MA (Hillsdale, NY); toll booths open from 1803 to 1857; now US-7 and MA-41.[15]
  • Connecticut feeders connected to New York feeders
  • Salisbury and Canaan Turnpike  from Huntsville, CT to the Ancram Turnpike  and the Ulster and Dalaware Turnpike  at Salisburty, CT (Millerton, NY); traveled by Europeans by 1744, toll booths open from 1801 to 1829; now CT-126 and US-44.[16] [17] [18]


  1. Wikipedia contributors, "Erie Canal" in Wikipedia: The Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Erie_Canal (accessed 24 June 2009).
  2. Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America, 10th ed. (Draper, Utah: Everton Pub., 2002), 851. WorldCat entry. FHL Book 973 D27e 2002.
  3. Wikipedia contributors, "Fort Oswego" in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia at http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fort_Oswego (accessed 2 July 2011).
  4. Mohawk Trail in Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trail, Roads, and Migration Routes in RootsWeb (accessed 6 October 2014).
  5. 5.0 5.1 5.2 5.3 5.4 List of turnpikes in New York in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 1 November 2014).
  6. Almira E Morgan, The Catskill Turnpike: A Wilderness Path (Ithaca, N.Y.: DeWitt Historical Society of Thompkins County, 1971). Online digital copy.
  7. Anastassia Zinke, The Susquehanna Turnpike and America's Frontier History in Catskill Mountain Foundation (accessed 1 November 2014).
  8. Joan Odess, The Susquehanna Turnpike (pdf accessed 1 November 2014).
  9. Frederic J. Wood, The Turnpikes of New England and the Evolution of the Same Through England, Virginia, and Maryland (Boston: Marshall Jones, 1919), 168. Internet Archive version online.
  10. 10.0 10.1 Isaac Huntting, History of the Little Nine Partners of North East Precinct and Pine Plains, New York, Dutchess County (Amenia, NY: Chas. Walsh, 1897), 99-101. Google Book edition
  11. Wood, map between pages 56 and 57, and pages 76-78.
  12. Wood, map between pages 56 and 57, and pages 166-67.
  13. Wood, map between pages 56 and 57, and page 168.
  14. Wood, map between pages 56 and 57, and pages 186-87.
  15. Wood, map between pages 56 and 57, and page 80.
  16. Wood, 363-64.
  17. Connectiuct Route 126 in Wikipedia: the Free Encyclopedia (accessed 3 November 2014).
  18. "Salisbury and Canaan Turnpike" in Routes in the Northeastern United States: Historic Trails, Roads, and Migration Routes in RootsWeb (accessed 3 November 2014).
  • This page was last modified on 4 November 2014, at 20:37.
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