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Historian Sigfus Olafson of Boone County, West Virginia


Fauquier County, Virginia
Map
Boundary map of Fauquier County, Virginia
Map of Virginia highlighting Fauquier County
Location in the state of Virginia
Map of the U.S. highlighting Virginia
Location of Virginia in the U.S.
Facts
Founded 1758
County Seat Warrenton
Courthouse
United States  Gotoarrow.png  Virginia  Gotoarrow.png  Fauquier County

Northern Virginia county in the Piedmont region.

Contents

County Courthouse

Old Fauquier County Courthouse, Warrenton, Va.

Fauquier County, Virginia
40 Culpeper Street
Warrenton, Virginia 22186
540-347-8610

  • Clerk Circuit Court has birth records 1853-1896
  • Death Records 1853-1896
  • & 1912-1917
  • Marriage and probate records from 1759
  • Divorce Records from 1831
  • Court Records from 1975
  • Military Records from 1944

History

Lt. Gov. Francis Fauquier (1703-1768)

The county is named after Virginia Lieutenant-Governor Francis Fauquier (1703-1768).

The county was named for Francis Fauquier, Lieutenant Governor of Virginia, whom Jefferson describes as the 'ablest man who ever held that office'.1 He was appointed January, 1758, and the act creating the county which took his name was passed at the first Assembly held by him after his arrival in the colony. Fauquier was born in London in 1704 at the house of his father, John Francis Fauquier, a Huguenot physician, who had left his native town of Clairac, near Bordeaux in the south of France, after the revocation of the Edict of Nantes (1685) and sought refuge in England. There he found employment in the Mint and eventually became a Director of the Bank of England. The future Governor first served in the British army and after his marriage to Catherine, daughter of Sir Charles Dalston, was seated at Toteridge, in Heftfordshire, where he lived the life of a country gentleman. He was made a director of the South Sea Company in 1751 and a Fellow of the Royal Society in 1753. In September, 1756, he published a pamplet on a method of raising money for the prosecution of the Seven Years War with France, which gained him some celebrity and which was probably the basis of his appointment two years later to the governorship of Virginia, although in his will he attributes his promotion solely to the good offices of his 'much esteemed and respected patron, George Montague Dunk, earl of Halifax, at that time President of the board of trade. That Fauquier had a good interest among the politically powerful merchants in London may also have had some bearing on his appointment. He died and was buried at Williamsburg, March 3, 1768.

The reputation left by him in Virginia with a reference to his besetting sin, is recorded by John Burke, the historian, as follows:

"With some allowance Fauquier was every thing that could have been wished for by Virginia under a royal goverment. Generous, liberal, elegant in his manners and acquirements; his example left an impression of taste, refinement and erudition on the character of the colony, which eminently contributed to its present high reputation in the arts. It is stated on evidence sufficiently authentic that on the return of Anson from his circumnavigation of the earth, he accidently fell in with Fauquier, from whom in a single night's play he won at cards the whole of his patrimony: that afterwards being captivated by the striking graces of this gentleman's person and conversation he procured for him the govenrment of Virginia. Unreclaimed by the former surversion of his fortune, he introduced the same fatal propensity to gaming into Virginia. Unreclaimed and the example of so many virtues and accomplishments alloyed but by a single vice was but too successful in extending the influence of this pernicious and ruinous practice, He found among the people of his new government a character compounded of the same elements as his own; and he found little difficulty in rendering fashionable a practice which had before his arrival already prevailed to an alarming extent. During the recess of the courts of judicature and assemblies he visited the most distinguished landholders in this colony, and the rage of playing deep, reckless of time, health or money, spread like a contagion amongst a class proveribial for their hospitality, their politeness and fondness for expence. In every thing besides Fauquier was the ornament and delight of Virginia.

2 He was buried in the north aisle of Bruton Church, in the floor at which a modern stone is set quoting the obituary which appeared in the Virginia Gazette at the time of his death. (F.H.S. Bulletin, No 4, p. 340). He provided in his will that his slaves if they went to new masters of their own choice, should be sold at 25% less than their value. (Old Prince William, II, p.657.)

1. Burke, History of Virginia, III, page 333. 2. Groome, H.C. Fauquier During the Proprietorship A Chronicle of the Colonization and Organization of a Northern Neck County, Clearfield Company, page 163-164. This book can be purchased from the Clearfield Company.

3. F.H.S. Bulletin, No 4, p.340.


Parent County

1758--Fauquier County was created 14 September 1758 from Prince William County.
County seat: Warrenton [1]

Boundary Changes

Record Loss

  • Lost censuses: 1790, 1800, 1890

Places/Localities

Populated Places

Neighboring Counties

Resources

Getting Started

Compiled genealogies are a good place to start research for this area, see Fauquier County, Virginia Genealogy.

If you are researching families who lived in Fauquier County, Virginia between the 1750s and 1780s, the Sparacios' books are a great time saver. They comprehensively index several publications covering that period:

  • Sparacio, Ruth Trickey and Sam Sparacio. Surname Index of Antient Press Publications. 14+ vols. McLean, Va.: R. & S. Sparacio, Antient Press, 1993-. FHL Collection 975.5 P22s v. 1-2; publisher's website: Antient Press. (Some of the index volumes have not been printed and it is necessary to contact the publishers to search them.)

African American

Local expert Joan W. Peters published a useful guide for exploring African American roots in Fauquier County:

  • Peters, Joan W. Local Sources for African-American Family Historians: Using County Court Records and Census Returns. Broad Run, Virginia: J.W. Peters, 1993. Available at FHL.

Fauquier County, Virginia's Register of Free Negroes, 1817-1865, has been published twice:

  • Heinegg, Paul. "Fauquier Register of Free Negroes, 1817-1865," Free African Americans.com, available online.
  • Ibrahim, Karen King, Karen Hughes White, Courtney Gaskins, and Afro-American Historical Association of Fauquier County. Fauquier County, Virginia, Register of Free Negroes 1817-1865. Virginia?: K.K. Ibrahim, K.H. White, C. Gaskins, 1993. Available at FHL.

Other Fauquier County African American resources include:

  • Afro-American Historical Association of Fauquier County. Newsletter. Midland, Virginia: Afro-American Historical Association of Fauquier County, Virginia, 1992-2000. Available at FHL.
  • Duncan, Patricia B. 1850 Fauquier County, Virginia, Slave Schedule. Westminster, Maryland: Willow Bend Books, Heritage Books, 2003. Available at FHL.
  • Heinegg, Paul. "Fauquier County Personal Property Tax List 1786-1819," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • Freedmen's Bureau Letters or Correspondence, 1865-1872.

Cemeteries

  • Tombstone Transcription Project Fauquier County - cemetery transcriptions - USGenWeb
  • King, Junie Estelle Stewart. Abstracts of Wills, Administrations, and Marriages of Fauquier County, Virginia, 1759-1800 [Includes cemetery inscriptions]. 2001. Digital book available at Ancestry ($). 

Census

Historical populations
Census Pop.  %±
1790 17,892
1800 21,329 19.2%
1810 22,689 6.4%
1820 23,103 1.8%
1830 26,086 12.9%
1840 21,897 −16.1%
1850 20,868 −4.7%
1860 21,706 4.0%
1870 19,690 −9.3%
1880 22,993 16.8%
1890 22,590 −1.8%
1900 23,374 3.5%
1910 22,526 −3.6%
1920 21,869 −2.9%
1930 21,071 −3.6%
1940 21,039 −0.2%
1950 21,248 1.0%
1960 24,066 13.3%
1970 26,375 9.6%
1980 35,889 36.1%
1990 48,741 35.8%
2000 55,139 13.1%
Source: "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau.
1820 Manufacturers Census
  • "1820 Manufacturers Census," Northern Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 2, No. 3 (Jul. 1997):125-126. Available at FHL. [Includes Fairfax, Fauquier, and Loudoun counties.]

1890 Union Veterans

For tips on accessing Fauquier/sandbox census records online, see: Virginia Census.


Church

Anglican

Elk Run Anglican Churh Site Preservation & Historic Park


Baptist
  • Broad Run Baptist Church (Fauquier County, Virginia). "Minutes of the Broad Run Baptist Church near Warrenton, Fauquier County, Virginia 1762 - 1872," Genealogical Record, Vol. 7, No. 3 (Sep. 1965) to Vol. 9, No. 4 (Dec. 1967). Houston, Texas: Houston Genealogical Forum, 1965-1967. Available at FHL Collection.
  • Gott, John K., Wayland F. Dunaway, C. Wirt Trainham. History of Long Branch Baptist Church, Fauquier County, Virginia: From Centennial History by Rev. Wayland F Dunaway and Sesquicentennial History by Rev. C. Wirt Trainham. Richmond, Virginia: Williams Printing Co., 1967. Available at FHL Collection.
  • Kemper, Charles E. "The Baptists in Fauquier County, 1770-1771: Extracts from Peter Hitt's Account Book," The Virginia Magazine of History and Biography, Vol. 35, No. 4 (Oct. 1927):390-392. Available at JSTOR ($).
Church of England

Gotoarrow.png See also Hamilton Parish
Gotoarrow.png See also Leeds Parish

Lutheran
  • W.P. Huddle, Margaret G. Davis, Hebron Lutheran Church, and Mt. Nebo Lutheran Church. History of the Hebron Lutheran Church, Madison County, Virginia, 1717 to 1907. New Market, Va.: Henkel & Company, 1908. Available at FHL. [Germantown settlers belonged to this congregation.]
Presbyterian
  • Gott, John K., Daughters of the American Revolution. Washington-Lewis Chapter (Virginia), and Marshall Presbyterian Church (Marshall, Virginia). Abstracts of the Second Session Book of the Marshall Presbyterian Church, Marshall, Fauquier County, Virginia. MSS., 1957, available at FHL. [This church was organized in 1849 under the name Salem Presbyterian Church.]

Court

Chancery Court

  • Indexed images of Fauquier County, Virginia Chancery Records 1759-1919 are available online through Virginia Memory: Chancery Records Index. These records, often concerned with inheritance disputes, contain a wealth of genealogical information.

County Court

Fauquier County, Virginia Court of Records 1776-1782 - John K. Gott. Copies of the Minute Books are available on microfilm at the Fauquier County Public Library, Warrenton, or the Virginia State Library, Richmond. The original books are in various stages of deterioration and not available for public use. 1993, 180 pp. surname index, paper. Publisher's bookstore: Heritage Books ($).

Dumfries District Court and Superior Court of Law

  • Dumfries District Court Order Books, 1793-1817. Original records, Prince William County Courthouse, Manassas, Va.; available on microfilm at FHL. [Dumfries District Court encompassed Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, and Prince William counties.]

Loose Papers

  • Peters, Joan W. "Researching the Fauquier County Clerk's Loose Papers," The Virginia Genealogical Society Newsletter, Vol. 27, No. 4 (Aug. 2001):1-4. Available at FHL; digital version at Virginia Genealogical Society website.

Superior Court of Chancery

The Superior Court of Chancery of Fredericksburg (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over certain Fauquier County court cases. An index has been compiled:

  • Indexes of Court Records in the Clerk's Office, Fredericksburg, Virginia, 1782-1904. Original records, Fredericksburg City Courthouse, Fredericksburg, Va., microfilmed reproduction available at FHL. [Indexes the following records: District Court law book v. 8, 1782-1792; District Court law books 1790-1793, v. A-F 1789-1811; Superior Court of Law law order books v. G-H 1812-1831; Superior Court of Chancery chancery order books 1814-1831; Hustings Court orders v. A-O 1782-1871; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery law order books v. A-E 1831-1875; Circuit Superior Court of Law and Chancery chancery order books v. A-D 1831-1872; Circuit Court chancery order books v. A2, B-C 1875-1904; Fredericksburg District Court (1789-1808) had jurisdiction over the following counties: Spotsylvania (including Fredericksburg), Caroline, King George, Stafford, Orange, and Culpeper; Superior Court of Chancery (1802-1831) had jurisdiction over the following localities: city of Fredericksburg and the counties of Caroline, Culpeper, Fauquier, Fairfax, Lancaster, Northumberland, Madison, King George, Orange, Prince William, Richmond, Spotsylvania, Stafford, Essex, and Westmoreland.]

DNA

DNA has been collected from men claiming descent from the following Fauquier County, Virginia residents. Attempts have not been made to verify the lineages of those tested.

  • [Barton] Multiple descendants of David Barton, b. c1730 Stafford County, Virginia, resident of Fauquier County, Virginia. Y-DNA Tests, FTDNA (labelled Lineage I, The Virginia Branch (provides IDs of David's descendants' samples). Genetic signatures available online, courtesy: The Barton DNA Project, World Families Network.
  • [Barton] Descendant of Kimber Barton, b. 1746 Bucks County, Pennsylvania, resident of Fauquier County, Virginia. (labelled F-22, Lineage VIII). Genetic signatures available online, courtesy: The Barton DNA Project, World Families Network.
  • [Carter] Descendants of Isaac Carter, born about 1773, died abt 1850 Fauquier County, Virginia, Y-DNA 67 markers tested. Results at Carter Y-DNA Project.
  • [Fletcher] Multiple descendants of Moses Fletcher, b. c1725, d. aft. 1797 Fauquier County, Virginia. Y-DNA 12, 25, and 37 Marker Tests, FTDNA. Genetic signatures available online, courtesy: The Fletcher DNA Project.
  • [Harrison] Descendant of Burr Harrison, b. 1637 St. Margaret's Parish, Westminster, Middlesex, England, d. 1697 Westmoreland County, Virginia. Y-DNA 37 Marker Test, FTDNA (labelled H-63, Lineage 22). Genetic signature available online, courtesy: The Harrison DNA Project, World Families Network. [Ancestor of many Harrison families of Northern Neck and neighboring counties, including: Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, and Stafford.]
  • [Waddell] Descendant of John Waddell, b. c1724, d. of Fauquier County, Virginia. Y-DNA Test, FTDNA (not clearly identified, contact interested researchers listed on Patriarch page for more information.) Genetic signature available online, courtesy: The Waddell DNA Project, World Families Network.

Genealogy

More than 250 genealogies have been published about Fauquier County families. To view a list, visit Fauquier County, Virginia Genealogy.

Historic Residences

  • Gott, John K. Flint Hill Farm: A History, George Washington's "Tract on Chattins Run," Rectortown, Fauquier County, Virginia. Athens, Georgia: New Papyrus Pub. Co., 2004. Available at FHL.
  • United States. Work Projects Administration (Virginia). Old Homes and Families of Fauquier County, Virginia: (The W.P.A. Records). Compiled in 1930s. Berryville, Virginia: Virginia Book Co., 1978. Available at FHL.

Immigration

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Fauquier County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]
  • Holtzclaw, B.C. and Memorial Foundation of the Germanna Colonies in Virginia. Ancestry and Descendants of the Nassau-Siegen Immigrants to Virginia, 1714-1750. Harrisonburg, Virginia: Memorial Foundation of the Germanna Colonies in Virginia, 1964. Available at FHL.
  • List of imported servants and transported convicts from Europe who served labor terms in Colonial Fauquier County, Virginia (work in progress), courtesy: Immigrant Servants Database.

During the War of 1812, American officials reported finding a total of 6 British aliens, many of whom had families, living in Fauquier County.[2]

Land

Grants and Patents

Land Causes

  • Sparacio, Ruth Trickey, Sam Sparacio, and Dumfries, Va. District Court. Abstracts of Land Causes, Prince William County, Virginia. [1789-1793] 2 vols. McLean, Va.: Antient Press, 1992. Available at FHL. [Includes Fauquier County.]
  • Wilson, Donald L. "Prince William County Land Causes," [1789-1793] The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 3, No. 2 (Aug. 1984):5-7; Vol. 3, No. 7 (Jan. 1985):3-6; Vol. 3, No. 10 (Apr. 1985):6-7; Vol. 3, No. 12 (Jun. 1985):6-7; Vol. 4, No. 1 (Jul. 1985):4-6; Vol. 4, No. 2 (Aug. 1985):3-4; Vol. 4, No. 3 (Sep. 1985):5-7; Vol. 4, No. 7 (Jan. 1986):4-6; Vol. 4, No. 9 (Mar. 1986):3-4; Vol. 4, No. 10 (Apr. 1986):5-7; Vol. 4, No. 12 (Jun. 1986):5-7; Vol. 5, No. 1 (Jul. 1986):5-7; Vol. 5, No. 3 (Sep. 1986):6-9; Vol. 5, No. 6 (Dec. 1986):5-6; Vol. 5, No. 10 (Apr. 1987):5-7. Available at FHL.

Local Histories

  • Evans, M. Louise and Charles F. Knox. An Old Timer in Warrenton and Fauquier County, Virginia. Warrenton, Virginia: Virginia Pub., 1955. Available at FHL.
  • Fauquier County Bicentennial Committee. Fauquier County, Virginia, 1759-1959. Warrenton, Virginia: Fauquier County Bicentennial Committee, 1959. Available at FHL. [Includes two lists of early marriage bonds and soldiers in the Revolution.]
  • Fauquier County (Va.). Board of Trade and Harry Connelly Groome. Fauquier County, Virginia: Historical Notes. Warrenton, Va.: Board of Trade, 1914. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books (full-view).
  • Fauquier Heritage and Preservation Foundation, Inc. Fauquier Heritage and Preservation News: A Publication of the Fauquier Heritage and Preservation Foundation Inc. Marshall, Virginia: Fauquier Heritage and Preservation Foundation, Inc., 2002-present. Available at FHL.
  • Groome, H.C. Fauquier During the Proprietorship: A Chronicle of the Colonization and Organization of a Northern Neck County. Richmond: Old Dominion Press, 1927. Available at FHL US/CAN Book 975.5275 H2g 1969; digital book available at Ancestry ($);Heritage Quest Online ($); and World Vital Records ($). [2 copies at FHL.]
  • Hackley, Woodford B., B.C. Holtzclaw, and Memorial Foundation of the Germanna Colonies in Virginia. Germantown Revived. Harrisonburg, Virginia: Memorial Foundation of the Germanna Colonies in Virginia, 1962. Available at FHL.
  • Huffman, Charles Herbert and Memorial Foundation of the Germanna Colonies in Virginia. The Story of Germanna Descendants in Reunion at Siegen Forest, Virginia. [Harrisonburg, Virginia: Memorial Foundation of the Germanna Colonies in Virginia, 1957- 1972?]. Available at FHL.
  • Smith, P.A.L. and A. Maxim Coppage. Boyhood Memories of Fauquier. Owensboro, Kentucky: Cook & McDowell Publications, 1980, c1979. Available at FHL.
  • Vann, Elizabeth Chapman Denny and Margaret Collins Denny Dixon. Virginia's First German Colony. Richmond, Virginia: n.p., 1961. Available at FHL.
  • Wayland, John W., Charles Herbert Huffman, and Memorial Foundation of the Germanna Colonies in Virginia. Germanna, Outpost of Adventure, 1714-1956. Culpeper, Virginia: Memorial Foundation of the Germanna Colonies, 1989. Available at FHL.

Maps

  • Palmer, Meade and B. Curtis Chappelear. Historical Map of the Northern Portion of Fauquier County and a Part of Loudoun County, Virginia. 1953; reprint, 198-?. Original edition available at FHL; 1980s reprint at FHL.
  • Scheel, Eugene M. "Fauquier County, Commonwealth of Virginia. n.p.: Fauquier National Bank and E.M. Scheel, 1985. Available at FHL. [Features include "old roads, mills, stores, plantations, churches, ruins, cemeteries, battles, historic sites, early stream names and boundaries."[3]]
  • [1664] Virginia, Old Stafford County, Established 1664. Concord, California: Tackitt Photographic, n.d. Available at FHL. [Old Stafford County originally covered the area of the counties of Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, Prince William, and Stafford.]
  • [1759] 1759 Bertrand Ewell's Survey of the Fauquier-Prince William Boundary Line April 14, 1759, available online. [Includes names of residents.]
  • Groome, Harry Connelly. Fauquier County, Virginia, Historical Notes: Published as a Supplement to the Map of Fauquier County. Warrenton, Virginia: n.p., 1914. Available at FHL.
  • [1776] Scheel, Eugene M. A New and Accurate Map of the County of Fauquier, Virginia 1776. Falls Church, Virginia: Fauquier Historical Society, n.d. Available at FHL.

Migration

  • Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1976):199-208. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Fauquier County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on pp. 124-126.]

Military

General
  • Peters, Joan W. Military Records, Certificates of Service, Discharge, Heirs, & Pensions Declarations and Schedules: From the Fauquier County, Virginia Court Minute Books, 1784-1840. Westminster, Maryland: Willow Bend Books, 1999. Available at FHL.
  • Peters, Joan W. Military Records, Patriotic Service, & Public Service Claims: From the Fauquier County, Virginia Court Minute Books 1759-1784. Westminster, Maryland: Willow Bend Books, 1999. Available at FHL.
  • Peters, Joan W. Military Records, Pensions Applications, Heirs, At Law and Civil War Military Records: From Fauquier County, Virginia Court Minute Books 1840-1904. Westminster, Maryland: Willow Bend Books, 1999. Available at FHL.
  • Peters, Joan W. Neglected & Forgotten: Fauquier County, Virginia, French & Indiana War, Revolutionary War, & War of 1812 Veterans; Muster Rolls, Pension Lists, Declarations & Certificates, Land Warrants, Heirs at Law, Court Martials, from the Military Record Series of the Fauquier County, Virginia, Clerks Loose Papers, 1759-1825. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 2004. Available at FHL.
French and Indian War
  • Bockstruck, Lloyd DeWitt. Virginia's Colonial Soldiers. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1988. Available at FHL. [Identifies some Fauquier County militia officers, soldier enlistments, and veterans; see place name index.]
  • Boogher, William F. Gleanings of Virginia History: An Historical and Genealogical Collection, Largely from Original Sources. Washington: n.p., 1903. Available at FHL; digital version at Google Books. [Includes a chapter titled "Legislative Enactments connecting the preceding historic sketch [French and Indian War, Lord Dunmore's War] with the adjudication of the resulting accounts that follow; with the list of officers, soldiers and civilians entitled to compensation for military and other services rendered." For Fauquier County, see p. 108.]
  • Crozier, William Armstrong. Virginia Colonial Militia 1651-1776. Baltimore: Southern Book Co., 1954. Available at FHL; digital book at Ancestry ($). [Identifies some Fauquier County militia officers and soldiers; see place name index.]
Revolutionary War

Regiments. Service men in Fauquier County served in various regiments. Men often joined a company (within a regiment) that originated in their county. Fauquier County supplied soldiers for the:

- 3rd Virginia Regiment
- 10th Virginia Regiment

Additional resources:

Fauquier residents recommended for military commissions during the Revolutionary War.[4]

  • Fauquier County Bicentennial Committee. Fauquier County, Virginia, 1759-1959. Warrenton, Virginia: Fauquier County Bicentennial Committee, 1959. Available at FHL. [Includes two lists of early marriage bonds and soldiers in the Revolution.]
  • Pierce, Alycon Trubey. "Wringing Northern Virginians Out of Final Pension Payment Vouchers, 1818-1864," Northern Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr. 1997):73-77. Available at FHL. [Identifies married daughters and granddaughters of Revolutionary War Pensioners, and other persons mentioned in these records. Pierce abstracted entries for residents of Fairfax, Fauquier, Loudoun, and Prince William counties.]
  • Russell, Thomas Triplett and John K. Gott. Fauquier County in the Revolution. Westminster, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1997. Available at FHL.
  • A Census of Pensioners for Revolutionary or Military Services: With their Names, Ages, and Places of Residence, as Returned by the Marshalls of the Several Judicial Districts, Under the Act for Taking the Sixth Census]. 1841. Digital versions at U.S. Census Bureau and Google Books et. al. 1967 reprint: FHL Collection 973 X2pc 1840. [See Virginia, Eastern District, Fauquier County on page 130.]
  • Rejected or Suspended Applications for Revolutionary War Pensions. Washington, D.C., 1852. Reprinted by Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1969, and 1991. Reprints include "an Added Index to States." FHL Collection 973 M24ur; digital version at Ancestry ($). [Includes veterans from this county; Virginia section begins on page 238.]
War of 1812
  • List of Pensioners on the Roll, January 1, 1883; Giving the Name of Each Pensioner, the Cause for Why Pensioned, the Post-Office Address, the Rate of Pension Per Month, and the Date of Original Allowance... Washington, D.C.: Government Printing Office, 1883. FHL Collection 973 M2Lp v. 5; digital versions at Google Books and Internet Archive. [See Vol. 5, Virginia, Fauquier County, p. 79. Identifies War of 1812 veterans living in this county in 1883.]
Civil War
  • Gott, John K., Emily G. Ramey, and Fauquier County Civil War Centennial Committee. The Years of Anguish, Fauquier County, Virginia, 1861-1865. Annandale, Virginia: Bacon Race Books, 1987. Available at FHL.


Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Confederate Soldiers 1861-1865



Virginia, Civil War Service Records of Union Soldiers 1861-1865

Naturalization

Virginia Naturalization Petitions, 1906-1929

Newspapers

Indexed images of the Virginia Gazette (1736-1780) are available online through the Colonial Williamsburg website. In addition, Professor Tom Costa and The Rector and Visitors of the University of Virginia have created a database of all runaway advertisements for slaves, indentured servants, transported convicts, and ship deserters listed in this source and other Virginia newspapers (1736-1803), see: The Geography of Slavery in Virginia. These newspapers are valuable resources for all regions of Virginia.

Fauquier Democrat Newspaper Index 1907 to present is available at the local government site.

Current issues of the Fauquier Times-Democrat are online.

The Fredericksburg Free Lance Star carries many articles about people from Fauquier: 2001 to present, see: Fredericksburg site.

Historical issues of the Free Lance Star and the Washington Post (turn of the century to present) are at Google News.

Occupations

  • Cutten, George Barton. The Silversmiths of Virginia (together with Watchmakers and Jewelers) from 1694 to 1850. Richmond, Va.: The Dietz Press, Incorporated, 1952. Available at FHL. [Includes a section on Warrenton silversmiths.]
  • "Warrenton Directory, 1844-1847," [Attorneys, Physicians, Dentists, Druggists, and Merchants] The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jul. 1984). Available at FHL. [Taken from the Fauquier Democrat special section for the Bicentennial Thursday, April 30, 1959, page E-8.]
  • "Directory of Fauquier Professional Men in 1851," [Attorneys, Physicians, and Hotel Keepers] The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 3, No. 1 (Jul. 1984). Available at FHL. [Taken from the Fauquier Democrat--Special section for the Bicentennial Thursday, April 30, 1959, page E-8.]
  • Moffett, Lee. Water Powered Mills of Fauquier County, Virginia. Warrenton, Virginia: M.J. Moffett, 1972.

Private Papers

  • [Edmonds] Chappelear, Amanda Virginia Edmonds and Nancy Chappelear Baird. Journals of Amanda Virginia Edmonds: Lass of the Mosby Confederacy, 1859-1867. Delaplane, Virginia: N.C. Baird, 1984. Available at FHL.
  • [Ficklin] Collection of Papers from Culpeper Co., VA: Dealing with the Payne, Tull, Stewart, Ficklin and Related Families, 1848-1859. Original documents, includes papers from Fauquier County, available at FHL.
  • [Howison] Laws, Mary Jackson Howison. Journal of Mary Jackson Howison, 1858-1870. Lamesa, Texas: M.G. Beckham, 1985. Available at FHL.
  • [Keith] Family Bible [Records, 1802-1922] of William Jones and Mary Isham Keith. Available on microfilm at FHL.
  • [Kemper] Kemper: Bible Records, 1769-1945. Microfilmed in 1977, available at FHL.
  • Virginia, Historical Society Papers, 1607-2007.

Probate

Local Court

  • Gott, John K. Abstracts of Fauquier County Virginia, Wills Inventories and Accounts 1759-1800. Baltimore, Maryland: Clearfield, 1999. Digital book available at Ancestry ($).
  • King, Junie Estelle Stewart. Abstracts of Wills, Administrations, and Marriages of Fauquier County, Virginia, 1759-1800. 2001. Available at FHL. Digital book available at Ancestry($); and World Vital Records ($).
  • Roberts, Eunice Byram. Oklahoma Genealogical Records. D.A.R. Library, Washington, D.C. Available at FHL. [Includes a few Maddux wills from Fauquier County, Virginia.]

London Courts

  • Coldham, Peter Wilson. North American Wills Registered in London 1611-1857. Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 2007. [Includes will of a resident of Fauquier County proved in London. These records often help establish an immigrant's place of origin.]

Research Guides

  • Peters, Joan W. Local Sources for African-American Family Historians: Using County Court Records and Census Returns. Broad Run, Virginia: J.W. Peters, 1993. Available at FHL.

Taxation

How can Virginia tax lists help me?

  • [1751] "A List of Taxpayers for Hamilton Parish, 1751," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 10, No. 6 (Dec. 1991):43-45. Available at FHL. [Taken from the Account Book of Captain John Crump, Sheriff of Prince William County. "The original book was presented to the Fauquier Historical Society in 1922, by Col. Malcolm H. Crump, Bowling Green, Kentucky," but has since been misplaced.]
  • [1759] T.L.C. Genealogy. Fauquier County, Virginia, Tax List of 1759. Miami, Florida: TLC Genealogy, 1998?. Available at FHL.
  • [1759] Tithables List, 1759, Northern Virginia Genealogy, Vol. 2, No. 2 (Apr. 1997). Available at FHL.
  • [1759-1783] Alcock, John P. Fauquier Families, 1759-1799. 2 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1994, 2001. Available at FHL. [Vol. 1. Comprehensive indexed abstracts of tax and tithable lists. Vol. 2 contains tithable and personal property tax lists 1759-1783.]
  • [1759-1782] Peters, Joan W. The Tax Man Cometh: Land and Property in Colonial Fauquier County, Virginia: Tax List from the Fauquier County Court Clerk's Loose Papers, 1759-1782. Westminster, Maryland: Willow Bend Books, 1999. Available at FHL.
  • [1777] "Tenants of the Manor of Leeds, Fauquier County - 1777," in King, Junie Estelle Stewart, Abstracts of Wills, Administrations, and Marriages of Fauquier County, Virginia, 1759-1800. 2001. Digital book available at Ancestry ($).
  • [1782-1850] Fauquier County, Virginia Personal Property Tax Lists, 1782-1850. Available at FHL.
  • [1782] Fothergill, Augusta B. and John Mark Naugle. Virginia Tax Payers, 1782-87, Other Than Those Published by the United States Census Bureau. 1940; reprint, Baltimore: Genealogical Publishing Co., Inc., 1978. Available at FHL. [1782 personal property tax list of Fauquier County.]
  • [1782] Tax List, 1782, Genealogical Reference Builders Newsletter, Vol. 12, No. 1 (1982). Available at FHL.
  • [1783-1791] Sparacio, Ruth Trickey and Sam Sparacio. Fauquier County, Virginia Land Tax Books [1783-1791]. 2 vols. McLean, Virginia: Antient Press, 1997. Available at FHL.
  • [1785-1786] Interust Warrants, 1785-86, Genealogical Tips, Vol. 5, No. 2 (Aug. 1967). Available at FHL.
  • [1786-1819] Heinegg, Paul. "Fauquier County Personal Property Tax List 1786-1819," Free African Americans.com, available online. [Heinegg abstracted free blacks listed in these records.]
  • [1787] Schreiner-Yantis, Netti and Florene Speakman Love. The 1787 Census of Virginia: An Accounting of the Name of Every White Male Tithable Over 21 Years, the Number of White Males Between 16 & 21 Years, the Number of Slaves over 16 & Those Under 16 Years, Together with a Listing of Their Horses, Cattle & Carriages, and Also the Names of All Persons to Whom Ordinary Licenses and Physician's Licenses Were Issued. 3 vols. Springfield, Va.: Genealogical Books in Print, 1987. Available at FHL. [The source of this publication is the 1787 personal property tax list. Fauquier County is included in Vol. 1.]
  • [1787] Clay, Robert Y. "Some Delinquent Taxpayers 1787-1790," The Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 2 (Apr.-Jun. 1976):199-208. Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($). [These records identify migrants who left the county and often their intended destinations. Fauquier County's 1787 Delinquent List appears on pp. 124-126.]
  • [1790, 1799] Indexed images of the 1790 and 1799 Personal Property Tax Lists of Fauquier County, Virginia are available online, courtesy: Binns Genealogy.
  • [1800] Tax List, 1800, Virginia Genealogist, Vol. 20, No. 3 (Jul. 1976); Vol. 20, No. 4 (Oct. 1976); Vol. 21, No. 1 (Jan. 1977); Vol. 21, No. 2 (Apr. 1977); Vol. 21, No. 3 (Jul. 1977); Vol. 21, No. 4 (Oct. 1977). Available at FHL; digital version at New England Ancestors ($).
  • [1815] Ward, Roger D. 1815 Directory of Virginia Landowners (and Gazetteer). 6 vols. Athens, Georgia: Iberian Pub. Co., 1997-2000. Available at FHL. [This source is based on the 1815 land tax. Fauquier County is included in Vol. 4.]
  • [1853] Tax List, 1853, Afro-American Historical Association of Fauquier County, Vol. 1, No. 2 (Jan. 1993). Available at FHL.
  • [1880] Tax List, 1880, Marion County Historical Society Quarterly, Vol. 7, No. 3 (Spring 1998). Available at FHL.
  • Tithes and Personal Property Taxes of Free Negroes, Afro-American Historical Association of Fauquier County Annual Publication, Issue 1 (1996). Available at FHL.
  • Deed Book 9, Taxables, Genealogical Tips, Vol. 1, No. 1 (May 1963). Available at FHL.

Vital Records

Birth

The birth registers of Fauquier County, Virginia have been published at least three times:

  • Buck, Dee Ann Shipp. Fauquier County, Virginia, Birth Registry, 1853-1896. Fairfax, Virginia: D.A. Buck, 1996. Available at FHL.
  • Duncan, Patricia B. Fauquier County, Virginia Birth Register, 1853-1896. 2 vols. Westminster, Maryland: Heritage Books, 2008. Available at FHL.
  • Peters, Joan W. Abstracts of Fauquier County, Virginia Birth Records 1853 - 1896. Bowie, Maryland: Heritage Books, 1989. Available at FHL.

Microfilmed reproductions of the original records are also available at the Family History Library:

  • Fauquier County, Virginia Birth and Death Registers, 1853-1896. Original records. Available at FHL.
Marriage
  • Buck, Dee Ann Shipp. Fauquier County, Virginia, Marriages [1854-1896]. 2 vols. Fairfax, Virginia: D.A. Buck, 1996. Available at FHL.
  • Chappelear, Nancy and John K. Gott. Early Fauquier County, Virginia Marriage Bonds, 1759-1854. Washington, D.C.: N. Chappelear and J.K. Gott, 1965. Available at FHL.
  • Fauquier County Bicentennial Committee. Fauquier County, Virginia, 1759-1959. Warrenton, Virginia: Fauquier County Bicentennial Committee, 1959. Available at FHL. [Includes two lists of early marriage bonds and soldiers in the Revolution.]
  • Gott, John K. Fauquier County, Virginia Marriage Bonds (1759-1854) and Marriage Returns (1785-1848). 1989. Available at FHL.
  • King, Junie Estelle Stewart, Abstracts of Wills, Administrations, and Marriages of Fauquier County, Virginia, 1759-1800. 2001. Available at FHL. Digital book available at Ancestry ($); and World Vital Records ($).
  • "Marriage Bonds in Fauquier County," The William and Mary Quarterly, Vol. 12, No. 4 (Apr. 1904):256-258. Available at JSTOR ($).
  • Ricks, Joel. Fauquier County, Virginia, Marriage Bonds 1759 to 1854. 1939. Available at FHL.
Death

The death registers of Fauquier County, Virginia have been published at least twice:

  • Buck, Dee Ann Shipp. Fauquier County, Virginia, Death Registry, 1853-1896. Fairfax, Virginia: D.A. Buck, 2001. Available at FHL.
  • Duncan, Patricia B. Fauquier County, Virginia, Death Register, 1853-1896. Westminster, Maryland: Willow Bend Books, 1998. Available at FHL.

Microfilmed reproductions of the original records are also available at the Family History Library:

  • Fauquier County, Virginia Birth and Death Registers, 1853-1896. Original records. Available at FHL.
Vital Record Substitutes

The Virginia Historical Society's Marriage and Obituary Index, 1736-1820 (newspaper abstracts) is available for free online. Images of the original index cards are browseable, arranged alphabetically by surname.

 

Indexes to Fauquier/sandbox births, marriages, and deaths are available online. These collections are incomplete, but are easy to search. Most records can also be ordered electronically online as well. Courtesy: FamilySearch - free. See also How to order Virginia Vital Records


Societies and Libraries

Virginiana Room, Fauquier County Public Library, has many local resources and some online indexes.

Fauquier Historical Society

Fauquier Heritage Society, P O Box 548, Marshall, Virginia 22115

Fauquier County, Virginia books at the Library of Virginia

Fauquier County Virginia microfilm at the Library of Virginia

Family History Centers

Websites

Hands on keyboard.png Genealogy courses: Learn how to research from an expert in Fun Five Minute Genealogy Videos.


Old Fauquier County Jail

Learning How to Edit our Wiki Sites

Fauquier Family History Hall of Fame
"May we preserve their memories & Contributions!"

John Gott

Triplett

References

  1. The Handybook for Genealogists: United States of America,10th ed. (Draper, UT:Everton Publishers, 2002).
  2. Kenneth Scott, British Aliens in the United States During the War of 1812 (Baltimore, Md.: Genealogical Publishing Co., 1979), 320-333. FHL Book 973 W4s; digital version at Ancestry ($).
  3. "Historic Prince William Sponsors New Historic Map by Eugene Scheel," The Newsletter of the Prince William County Genealogical Society, Vol. 10, No. 2 (Aug. 1991):10.
  4. J.T. McAllister, Virginia Militia in the Revolutionary War: McAllister's Data (Hot Springs, Va.: McAllister Pub. Co., 1913), 30-31. Digitized by Internet Archive.

5. Burke, History of Virginia, III, page 333.

6. Groome, H.C. Fauquier During the Proprietorship A Chronicle of the Colonization and Organization of a Northern Neck County, Clearfield Company, page 163-164. This book can be purchased from the Clearfield Company.

7. F.H.S. Bulletin, No 4, p.340.


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