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The original content for this article was contributed by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies in June 2012. It is an excerpt from their course Methodology - Part 1: Getting Started, Methodology - Part 2: Organizing and Skillbuilding, Methodology - Part 3: More Strategies, Methodology - Part 4: Effective Searching and Recording, Methodology - Part 5: How To Prove It, and Methodology - Part 6: Professional Preparation and Practice by Louise St Denis, Brenda Dougall Merriman and Dr. Penelope Christensen. The Institute offers over 200 comprehensive genealogy courses for a fee ($).
Synthesis of Research Results
The final stage in research is the synthesis of the information and proven linkages into various formats to assist:
- In evaluating your progress
- In presenting your family information to members of your family
- In presenting your family information to other researchers
There are several standard methods that have proved successful. All depend upon accurate recording and checking of data. There are also certain useful rules for filling out charts.
- Most of us are now using genealogy software programs to record our information, but if you are using paper charts use pencil to record data when you first obtain it; use ink only when the fact has been verified.
- Print legibly.
- For names:
- a. use full names wherever possible
- b. always use maiden names for women
- c. underline given name used most often if it is not the first one
- d. nickname can be given in brackets or in quotation marks; be consistent
- e. use spelling most used by that ancestor, or a standard spelling, or the first one used during his lifetime; again, be consistent throughout your research. Nevertheless, when directly quoting a source you should use the spelling therein, however odd it may be
- f. capitalize surnames
- g. occupation can be inserted after name, in small letters to differentiate it from the surname
- Dates should be recorded as day, month (3-letter abbreviation), year, for example 22 Aug 1972.
- Record place names beginning with the smallest locality. Date each draft of any chart so you can track your progress and know which is the current one.
Standard Methods of Synthesis of Research Results
Types of Charts Used to Summarize Genealogical Data
|Biography Synopsis||For Individual||Blank chart||Chart 62|
|Family Group Record||For One Family||Blank chart||Chart 63|
|Surname Descent Chart||Descent through One Surname||Blank chart||Chart 64|
|Pedigree Chart||Descent from All Surnames||Blank chart||Charts 65-70|
|Descendancy Chart Narrative or Paragraph Pedigree||All Descendants of One Couple||-||Charts 71-72|
|Family Tree or Drop-Line Chart||All Descendants of One Couple||-||Charts 73-74 + Notes|
Examples of Letters and Symbols for Use in Charts
|Prefix Letters||Meaning||Suffix Letters||Meaning|
|k.||killed||v||info from vicar|
|m.||married||w||info from will|
|m1.||1st marriage||1Q||1st quarter|
|m2.||2nd marriage||2Q||2nd quarter|
|#||from IGI||*||have certificate|
|+||from parish register||||have copy of parish register|
The Biography Synopsis is an ideal way to summarize what you know about someone's life history. In North America similar charts are called Timelines and record Date – Event – Place – Source.
These timelines form a starting point for a biography and point out chronological gaps in your knowledge to which you can apply problem-solving techniques. For an example see below.
Biography Synopsis for Joseph DASHWOOD II
|4 Dec 1745||Christened s/o Joseph DASHWOOD I + Ann née TRENN.||Topsham, Devon|
|4 Oct 1747||Father killed at Battle of Cape Finisterre.|| |
|24 Apr 1748||Only sibling Ann DASHWOOD christened.||Topsham, Devon|
|1 Jun 1748||Bounty Money received on his behalf by his uncle James HIRTZELL of Exeter. £30.8.4d.||Exeter, Devon|
|25 Mar 1762||Apprenticed for 7 yrs to George FLASHMAN of Exeter, watchmaker for premium £31.10s.||Exeter, Devon|
|1765||Moved with master to premises near Guildhall.||Exeter, Devon|
|25 Mar 1769||Out of apprenticeship indentures.||Exeter, Devon|
|?||Made a long case clock with brass dial.||Bridport, Dorset|
|10 Feb 1782||Married Mary BORCKHARDT at St. Margaret, Westm’r .||St. John, Westminster|
|May 1782||His mother Ann died in Westminster.|| |
|30 Nov 1783||1st child Joseph III born.||St. Margaret, Westminster|
|12 Feb 1785||2nd child Christian Hirtzell born.||St. Margaret, Westminster|
|28 Mar 1785||These two sons christened.||St. Margaret, Westminster|
|10 Feb 1787||3rd child John James born.||St. Margaret, Westminster|
|14 Dec 1788||4th child Mary Elizabeth born.||St. Margaret, Westminster|
|7 Jan 1789||3rd and 4th children christened.||St. Margaret, Westminster|
|1789-1812||His former master, George FLASHMAN is at 18 Fleet St.||City of London|
|19 Nov 1789||His 1st daughter Mary Elizabeth buried.||St. Margaret, Westminster|
|22 Aug 1790||5th child, Elizabeth Ann Mary born.|| |
|5 Oct 1790||Daughter Elizabeth Ann Mary christened at St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster.||Westminster|
|1792/3||6th child William Henry born.|| |
|12 Sep 1795||7th child Mary Elizabeth born.|| |
|12 Aug 1797||8th child Matilda Hyde born.|| |
|30 Sep 1799||9th child Nancy Louisa born|| |
|15 Aug 1803||Eldest son Joseph marries Frances Elizabeth JONES at St. Giles-in-the-Fields,Westminster.|| |
|23 Jun 1804||1st grandchild Joseph Hyde DASHWOOD born.|| |
|1805-1808||Directories show him as watchmaker.||34 Camden St., Walworth, Surrey|
|25 Dec 1806||2nd son Christian marries Mary CORNER at St. Pancras Old Church, Middlesex.|| |
|30 Apr 1815||6th child William marries Lucy BECKINGHAM at Christ Church, Spitalfields, Middlesex.|| |
|10 Nov 1816||5th child Elizabeth marries John R. MITCHELL at St. Mary Newington, Surrey.|| |
|31 Jan 1819||His 3 youngest children, Mary, Matilda and Nancy christened as adults at St. Mary Newington, Surrey. He is listed as a watchmaker.||North Street, Walworth, Surrey|
|1819-1828||Joseph dies.|| |
| 16 Apr 1822
|| 8th child, Matilda, marries Thomas P. IVEY at St. Martin-in-the-Fields, Westminster.
| 18 Nov 1825
|| 9th child, Nancy, marries Daniel SMITH at St. Mary, Newington, Surrey.
| 28 Oct 1828
|| Widow Mary writes her will at 5 Gloucester Terrace.
|| Little Chelsea, Middlesex|
| 6 May 1830
|| Widow Mary’s will proved at PCC.
|| Chelsea, Middlesex|
Information in this Wiki page is excerpted from the online courses Methodology - Part 1: Getting Started, Methodology - Part 2: Organizing and Skillbuilding, Methodology - Part 3: More Strategies, Methodology - Part 4: Effective Searching and Recording, Methodology - Part 5: How To Prove It, and Methodology - Part 6: Professional Preparation and Practice offered by The National Institute for Genealogical Studies. To learn more about these courses or other courses available from the Institute, see our website. We can be contacted at email@example.com
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- This page was last modified on 7 May 2014, at 19:30.
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